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Interviews with teachers reveal the importance of relationship-building and student voice and choice. Here’s how to incorporate these in classroom routines.

“I learned very quickly that kids don’t learn from adults they don’t like or respect or adults who don’t respect them. That mutual respect is really important to me…. For instance, I might have a student who yells at me when he gets angry. And my first response is always, ‘OK, well, I’m not yelling at you, and I don’t yell at you. So therefore my body doesn’t like it when you yell at me.’ And they seem to understand that a lot better than yelling back at them. I’m showing them that I care about their needs and their well-being first before academics.” —Emma (pseudonym), first-grade teacher 

As an elementary school teacher, I was taught that before any learning could happen, I needed to create a classroom community where students felt safe, cared for, and purposeful. Sustaining this community was a yearlong endeavor demanding energy and revision.

In my research, I interview teachers about the ethical values that guide them and how these values live in daily practice. A consistent refrain in these interviews has been the value of classroom community, with teachers talking about “voice and choice,” “citizenship,” “relationship building,” and “community.” Working toward these values, six tangible, adaptable, and overlapping practices emerged.

1. Civic Responsibility

For example, one first-grade teacher described how the class creates their own rules at the beginning of the year and then revisits them regularly. She found that this helped kids feel ownership for the rules throughout the year. Related to the sense of ownership and responsibility, she added how when a lesson took too long because of frequent interruptions, the children lost a period of free choice that they enjoyed at the end of the day. She presented this as a logical consequence—they had simply run out of time—and she assured the students that they could try again the following day. 

When issues and conflicts arose, teachers facilitated problem-solving discussions with the children. For example, a fourth-grade teacher described how her students struggled with group work because they so rarely got to work together in previous grades. Instead of stopping the projects whenever a conflict arose, she had students meet together with her to problem-solve how to resolve the issue and then implement their plan. A fifth-grade teacher frequently brought in read-alouds that paralleled issues emerging in the classroom and used them to facilitate conversations.  

2. I Need a Break

Telling students to take a time-out often escalates conflict by embarrassing them and leading to power struggles. In contrast, teachers described how they gave children autonomy to choose when they needed a break and when they were ready to return.

Some teachers described actual “break” spots in the classroom that they made cozy and comfortable with rugs, motivational posters, fidgets, and small toys so that children felt revitalized and not punished. For others, a break was something they could take anywhere in the classroom.

The key features of ensuring that breaks were supportive and effective were:

Children took them by choice.

Frequent class and individual conversations with teachers reviewed how breaks would work.

The break space and/or activity was set up to be appealing and comforting to the children.

3. Companionship

Teachers described how they helped the children feel like they were in it together and cared for when they had to do something they found unpleasant. As one fourth-grade teacher noted, before having her students take standardized tests, she acknowledged how unpleasant the task was and then assured the children that she was right there with them and they would all be OK.

A preschool teacher related how she would hold the hand of a child who had trouble sitting during circle time; she found that this gentle presence helped children stay present and calm. 

4. Meaningful Curriculum

A pre-K teacher described becoming aware that her rural students were confused by the classic Make Way for Ducklings, which centers on ducks crossing a busy street, so she took her students out to cross the school parking lot to better understand. Instead of asking for permission, she simply created this tangible and additional activity for her students that deviated from the script and noted that while she worried about repercussions, ultimately there were none. Another pre-K teacher created a curriculum around the laundromat to honor and acknowledge an important place in children’s daily lives. 

5. Attentiveness

Teachers paid attention to children by listening, watching, and creating spaces for children to explore. This included pausing before intervening to resolve a child’s academic or social problem, planning time to sit next to and listen to a child for a few minutes each day, and committing to simply observe without a particular agenda.

One first-grade teacher described sitting with a child who was new to the class and engaging in conversation for at least two minutes each day. Another first-grade teacher with a scripted curriculum set up regular lunch groups that included each student to create a space to get to know them. 

6. Family engagement

Teachers involved families in ways that were affirming and conversational: class newsletters with pictures of children that they often co-wrote with students, daily individual positive updates with pictures and work samples, and making time for parents to meet with them. 

An important element of meetings was an exchange of ideas and taking time to listen to a family’s needs and interests. A first-grade teacher struggling with student behaviors asked families to share language that worked with their children at home so that she could replicate these familiar approaches in school. 

Reflecting on their own values, settings, and students, teachers can adapt and apply these practices to create caring and productive communities and sustain the community as issues arise.

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6 Ways To Improve Email Deliverability In 2023

Email marketing is something that no marketer can avoid- whether they love it or hate it. Reports show that for every $1 email marketers send, they can generate an income of $42. Email marketing can play an essential role in promoting your business.

Email deliverability is one of the critical things to consider for email marketing. It helps build a robust list that will eventually help you generate results. Besides the return on investment, email marketing can also help you manage the social media algorithms.

What is Email Deliverability?

Email deliverability refers to the percentage of the number of delivered emails. It will also help you maintain the records such as sender, IP reputation, and more. With email deliverability, you get the opportunity to understand the users’ engagement. It will prevent the email from landing in a spam folder.

Tips to Improve Email Deliverability

It is 2023, and the proper techniques can play an essential role in increasing deliverability. With the change in email marketing trends, you need to check on basics that will help you improve email deliverability.

If you are planning to enhance your email deliverability, here are some of the most important factors to consider:

1. Ensure You Belong to The Whitelist of Your Subscribers

When you gain subscribers, you need to ensure that you belong to the whitelist. This is the key to determining that you are a trusted source. You need to get the value of your email. When you send them valuable and reliable content, you can be sure that you belong to the safelist.

2. Focus on Your Audience

Once you know your target audience, send them relevant emails accordingly. Segmenting the email list can play an essential role in enhancing the data. Once you have every data segmented, you should consider sending personalized emails.

You can filter data depending on the profession, location, and preferences. Email segmentation and personalization have a massive role in determining successful email deliverability.

3. Clean Data

Cleaning data is highly crucial so that you can receive proper results. Good email hygiene helps you achieve the right results. You should consider creating an email list based on different preferences.

You can’t just send the same email to all your customers, and you need to know who your target audience is and what caters to them the most. Sending out the right emails will play an essential role in improving the list quality.

It would help if you considered cleaning your email list regularly. Every customer wants to remove spam emails. So, it would help if you worked on improving the list and increasing the deliverability.

4. Monitor The Engagement Metrics

If your email campaign has a negative engagement, you will not receive proper benefits, and you are likely to get more complaints and a high bounce rate. Email campaigns with negative engagement will never bear positive results. Furthermore, the ROI you generate will be significantly lower. Therefore, one of the most prominent things to do in such a situation is to focus on your engagement metrics.

5. Never Attach PDF to Email

Are you sending out marketing emails? One of the best practices in such a case is never attaching a PDF to it. Many email marketers believe that adding PDFs can make things easier for the client, and they think that the clients will get to know almost everything about the client. However, it won’t work this way.

When you attach PDFs to commercial emails, there are high chances that the email will land in a spam folder, which will hamper the delivery rate. Before sending out any email to your customer, you should consider removing attachments from the body.

Also read:

Top 10 IoT Mobile App Development Trends to Expect in 2023

6. Spam Check The Subject Lines

Your subject lines help the customers to determine if the email is personalized or not. Moreover, according to experts, certain words will trigger the email to be sent into a spam folder.


It would help if you focused on improving the email deliverability of your business. It is not a big deal. As long as you are familiar with the basics, you can work on receiving positive results. Improving your sender’s reputation can ensure that the emails land in their inbox.

Top 6 Ways To Clear Instagram Search Suggestions/History

Whenever you search for someone or something on Instagram, this information is saved in your search history. This could be both useful and annoying.

On the one hand, Instagram gives you quick and easy access to all the recent searches in case you need to revisit that profile or a hashtag again. On the other hand, if you happen to use your Instagram search bar in front of a friend or a colleague, they’ll see your entire search history.

Table of Contents

Follow this tutorial to learn how to clear Instagram search suggestions using your mobile and web app.

Instagram Search Suggestions and History

However, this information can quickly turn into a threat to your privacy. For example, when someone else accesses your Instagram search and sees the entire list of the profiles you’ve recently visited on the Instagram app.

How to Clear Instagram Search History and Suggestions

Like with any social media app, you can clear your search history, but it won’t always get rid of all Instagram search suggestions. Instagram will still suggest certain accounts based on your activity and interactions on the app.

Suppose you want to get rid of all search suggestions and clear your search history. Use the following techniques to delete all data and cache stored on the Instagram application. The instructions are the same for both Android and iOS users.


Delete a Single Instagram Search Suggestion

What if you don’t want to erase your entire search history on Instagram but instead want to delete a single search suggestion? To remove a particular account or hashtag from your Instagram search history, follow the steps below.

Open Instagram on your smartphone.

Select the

Search icon

next to the home button to open the

Search tab


Select the

Search bar

on top of the screen. You’ll see a list of recent Instagram suggestions.


See all

in the top right corner to see the entire suggestions list.

Find the suggestion you want to delete, and select the

X icon

next to it to remove it from the list.

You can use the same method to remove more suggestions from your Instagram search history. It works with account suggestions, as well as Tags and Places.

2. Remove Entire Search History

If you want to clear all previous searches from your Instagram account, follow the steps below.

Open the Instagram app on your smartphone.

Select your

profile icon

in the bottom-right corner of the screen to open your Instagram profile page.

Open the


and select

Your activity


Scroll down and select

Recent searches

. Instagram will then take you to the Search page with a list of recent searches.

In the upper-right corner, select

Clear all


In the pop-up, select

Clear all

to confirm.

This will empty your entire Instagram search history.

3. Clear Search Suggestions on the Desktop

If you prefer browsing Instagram on your desktop, you can also use the web browser version of the app to clear the search suggestions. To do that, follow the steps below.

Open Instagram web on your computer.

From the menu on the left side, select



Next to


, select

Clear all

to delete all recent search suggestions.

As you continue using the app, the Search page will again populate with new recent searches. Make sure to clear them every once in a while if you don’t want other people to accidentally see what you’ve searched for recently.


Block Suggested Accounts on Instagram

Instagram may suggest certain accounts even after you’ve cleared them from your search history multiple times. When you start typing something in the search bar, Instagram will immediately suggest an account you had previously searched for.

One way to stop this is to block this account and then unblock them. Go to the user’s page, and select Block from the menu. You can then unblock them straight away. Now when you search on Instagram, the app won’t suggest the account you just blocked and unblocked.

Note that this method only works with accounts you don’t already follow.


Clear Instagram Cache and Data

Sometimes the data and cache that Instagram stores won’t allow you to remove the search suggestions from your Instagram account altogether. If specific search suggestions reappear in your search no matter how many times you remove them, try clearing your app’s data and cache.

This technique is more effective for Android phones since you can delete your data and cache right in your phone’s settings.

From the apps list, select Instagram and choose an option to clear all data and cache.

After that, quit the Instagram app and run it again. Then check the Search page to see if it solved the problem.


Reinstall the Instagram app

Another way to remove the data and cache is to reinstall the Instagram app on your smartphone. If you don’t want to manually remove your search suggestions, you can uninstall the app and install the latest version from the app store.

To uninstall the app, long-press on the Instagram icon on your home screen and select Remove application from device or Remove.

Once you reinstall the app, log into your account and check the Search page to see if the old search suggestions disappeared.

Keep Your Instagram Search History Away from Prying Eyes

Some Instagram settings can be confusing, especially if you’re a beginner. This guide should help you understand how Instagram search suggestions and history work and the different techniques you can use to clear them any time you want.

6 Ways To Relieve Constipation From Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency

Loss of bowel control and oil in the stool are symptoms of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI), a disorder in which the pancreas does not produce adequate digestive enzymes. Nevertheless, intermittent constipation is a symptom seen by some persons with EPI.

Constipation is when you have three or fewer bowel movements each week, and your stools are firm or dry and possibly uncomfortable to pass. The ailment is usually short- lived and mild. A lack of fiber in the diet, dehydration, certain drugs (antidepressants, blood pressure regulators, and even antacids), irritable bowel syndrome, diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, hypothyroidism, multiple sclerosis, and other medical conditions can all contribute to this issue.

Constipation is a common problem for those dealing with EPI, and you may do a few things to alleviate the discomfort. The following listed six ways can help you relieve constipation from exocrine pancreatic insufficiency.

Consume More Fibrous Foods

It’s best to increase your fiber intake if you need to gradually. Keeping yourself well-hydrated is another benefit.

Consume 8-10 Glasses of Water Daily

Constipation often results from not getting enough fluids in the body. Most adults need between eight and ten cups of water daily, spread out throughout the day, while smaller people may get by on six to eight cups. Bowel motions can be aided by drinking a hot beverage. Try some hot beverages like coffee, tea, or lemon water.

But remember that caffeinated drinks, such as coffee, tea, and alcoholic beverages, increase urine production, so you should drink plenty of water to compensate for it. Take an extra water bottle with you if you plan on venturing out on a hot summer day, as you will lose more fluid than usual through perspiration.

Use a Natural Laxative

Prunes have been used historically to relieve constipation. Constipated persons with a low fiber intake benefitted from eating prunes, as they enhanced the frequency of their bowel movements while being well tolerated.

You can increase your fiber intake by using ground flaxseed in your diet. You won’t get the same benefits from eating whole flaxseeds since your body will flush them out.

Maintain a regular exercise routine

Constipation due to EPI can be alleviated via regular exercise. Physical activity improves colon transit by stimulating the muscles of the digestive system. Constipation can be alleviated with any activity, from walking to yoga.

Intestinal muscular contractions can be prompted by aerobic exercise, which raises breathing and heart rates. This can hasten the transit time of food through the colon, reducing the discomfort of constipation.

Certain yoga positions may also help with constipation. Twisting yoga poses, for instance, have been shown to speed up the rate at which food is processed by stimulating the digestive tract muscles.

Supplement with Enzymes

Enzyme supplements can aid digestion and ease constipation in those with EPI. The enzymes the pancreas isn’t creating enough of are included in these supplements so the body can digest food more efficiently. Enzyme supplements should be taken only when prescribed by a doctor.

Therapize Enzyme Modification

Constipation could be caused by using too many digestive enzymes or incorrectly taking them. Your doctor may recommend reducing your dose if you suffer constipation. But, if the dose is too low and loose stools return, you may need to increase it.

The dose can be adjusted to suit the individual’s dietary needs. If you know you’ll eat many fatty, creamy foods at a party, you might want to take an extra pill to help your pancreas. There may be a decrease in enzyme requirements for low-fat diets.

See your doctor about adjusting your enzymes if you’re experiencing digestive problems like constipation.


Constipation is a rare EPI side effect, typically resulting in diarrhea. Using digestive enzymes for gas and bloating relief may cause this.

The stools you pass while taking PERT may be firmer than usual, although this may not always indicate real constipation. But, constipation might set in if you have fewer than three bowel movements weekly and are having pain and difficulties passing stool.

Changing your PERT dose, drinking more water, and gradually increasing your fiber intake will help alleviate constipation caused by EPI enzyme therapy.

How To Bypass Reddit Private Community?

People are making Reddit private to join the Reddit blackout, one of the largest user-driven protests against the company’s new policy.

They show their dissatisfaction and solidarity with the protestors by making their subreddits private.

However, what if you are curious about bypassing Reddit private community and discovering what happens in those private subreddits?

Bypassing Reddit private is not simple and ethical. However, Reddit may warn you about your violation, temporary or permanent account suspension or take legal action against you.

In this article, we will explore some genuine and proven tricks to bypass Reddit private community with their legal and ethical implications.

What Is Reddit Private Community?

Many subreddit have gone private recently due to the protest against Reddit’s plan to raise its API pricing. 

Thousands of Reddit forums have shut themselves down in a protest called Reddit blackout.

It involves charging millions of dollars for third-party apps to continue accessing Reddit’s data via its API.

Users and developers are unhappy with this change. As a result, they are making their subreddit private.

A Reddit private community is a subreddit that is not open to the public.

It is usually created for specific purposes such as testing, moderation, invitation-only discussion, etc.

Only the moderators and approved community members can view and post content there.

You can find if a subreddit is private by the lock icon next to its name.

You will also get the message that you must be invited to visit this community when you try to access the private subreddit.

Some private subreddit is only accessible to users who participate in Reddit’s annual gift exchange, such as r/secretSanta.

Note: The Reddit blackout was initially planned to last 48 hours, starting Monday, June 13, 2023. However, it is unclear when the blackout will end or how it will affect users or Reddit’s revenue.

How To Bypass Reddit Private Community?

A private subreddit is accessible only by those communities’ moderators and approved members.

Bypassing a private Reddit community is not an easy and ethical way. 

If you want to join a private subreddit, you will need to message the moderators of that community and request an invitation.

However,  if you are a new or inactive user, they may not respond or accept your request.

Some subreddits may have specific criteria or rules for accepting new members.

Therefore, you must check the About Community and Rules tabs on the subreddit before sending the request.

Alternatively, you can try finding Reddit alternatives that cover similar topics and are open to the public.

Disclaimer: Bypassing the Reddit private community is considered unethical and illegal as it violates the terms of the services of Reddit. You might face legal action from Reddit or the moderators of the private subreddit.

Is It Safe To Bypass Reddit Private Community?

It is unsafe to bypass Reddit private community as it violates the terms of service and content policy.

Bypassing the Reddit private community is considered malicious or fraudulent.

You could risk getting your account suspended, banned, or legal action from Reddit.

Moreover, bypassing Reddit private community would also infringe on the privacy of the other users who have chosen to participate in a restricted community.

The Bottom Line

Hopefully, this article helps you understand everything about Reddit private and its bypassing tips to access the content.

You should always respect the privacy of other users and not try to access or use Reddit private community without their approval.

Reddit is what you make of it, so make it awesome.

Read and explore why your Reddit app might not work with its fixes.

5 Ways To Create A New Folder In Mac – Webnots

Organizing files on Mac is one of the important tasks you need to do regularly. The easiest option is to create a folder with proper name and arrange the files within folder. This will help to find the files quickly and work on them whenever needed. You can even create a smart folder in Mac that will automatically group the files based on the set rules. Mac offers multiple ways to create a new folder. In this article, we will explain 5 different ways you can do that.

Creating New Folder in Mac

You can create three types of folders in Mac based on need:

1. Using Keyboard Shortcuts

The best and simple way to create a new folder in Mac is to use keyboard shortcuts. Make sure you see “Finder” menu on the top Apple bar and use one of the following shortcuts:

Shift + Command + N – this will create a new empty folder inside the selected folder. For example, if you have selected “Desktop”, then the new folder will be created in desktop section. Mac will create a new empty folder with the name as “untitled folder”. You need to change the name of this new folder to desired name and manually move files. Note that you can simply highlight the folder and press enter key to edit its name.

Control + Command + N – this is to create a folder with selected items. First, make sure to select one or more files and then press the keys to create a folder. For this case, Mac will create a folder with a name as “New Folder With Items” which you can change as per your need.  

2. From Finder Menu

Though creating a new empty folder works well with keyboard shortcuts, you may get confused when creating a folder with selected items. Unfortunately, there is also no default shortcut assigned for creating a smart folder in Mac. The solution here is to use the menu item for creating different type of folders. When you are in “Finder” app, go to “File” menu and choose one of the options.

New Folder – create an empty folder.

Create New Folder from File Menu

New Folder with Selection – this will be enabled only when you select one or more files. When you select a single file/folder, Mac will show its name in the menu like “New Folder “selected file/folder name””. If you have selected multiple files/folders, then you can see the number of selected files like “New Folder with Selection (Number of Selected Items)”.

Create New Folder in Finder Using Action Icon

Deleting Folders – if you have wrongly created a new folder, simply press “Command + Z” keys to revert back you action. This will delete the newly created folder and move back any items if you have selected.

5. Create Folders from Terminal

The last option is to create folders in Mac using Terminal app. You can create one or multiple folders in the desired location right from the command line.

Create a Folder from Save Dialog

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