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While people in Europe, US and Canada have enjoyed a high level of freedom with commercial or hobby drones, India has so far remained mum on the new technology, at least officially speaking.

So, if you’re a drone enthusiast like most of us here at Beebom, or if you’ve been planning on a commercial application for drones, it’s important that you understand exactly what the new Drone Regulations 1.0 means for you.

Drone Categorization

To make these laws easier to understand and  differentiate between, the DGCA has divided unmanned aircrafts into five categories, each with its own set of rules. The five categories are:

2. Micro: weighing more than 250g and less than or equal to 2kg

3. Small: weighing more than 2kg and less than or equal to 25kg

4. Medium: weighing more than 25kg and less than or equal to 150kg

5. Large: weighing over 150kg

Operational Requirements for Drones Registering the Drone

Technically speaking, this is called ‘Unique Identification Number’ in the Regulation document, but it’s basically a registration number for your drone. Every drone that is intended to be flown in Indian airspace will have to be registered. However, certain drone types and agencies do not need to get any registrations.

Who Doesn’t Need Registrations?

If you’re using a Nano drone (weight less than or equal to 250 grams) you don’t need to get it registered if you fly it under a limit of 50 feet

Drones owned and operated by the NTRO, ARC, and Central Intelligence Agencies don’t need to be registered.

Registering the Pilot

Again, the actual, technical name for registering the pilot is ‘Unmanned Aircraft Operator Permit’ or ‘UAOP’. Essentially, the person who intends to fly the drone needs to get a permit as well. However, here too, certain drones and agencies don’t need to get the permit.

Who Doesn’t Need Permits?

If you’re flying a Nano drone under 50 feet, you don’t need to get the Unmanned Aircraft Operator Permit.

If you’re flying a Micro drone under 200 feet, you don’t need to get the Unmanned Aircraft Operator Permit. However, you will still need to get the Unique Identification Number for the drone itself.

Drones owned and operated by the NTRO, ARC, and Central Intelligence Agencies don’t need to get permits.

Mandatory Features in Drones

In order to fly a drone in India, you need to ensure that your drone is equipped with certain mandatory safety features. These have also been specified in the regulation document. Here are all the features your drone needs to have in order to be permitted in the Indian airspace:

Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) should be available on the drone.

The drone should have a Return to Home feature.

The drone should have flashing anti-collision lights.

The drone should be RFID and GSM SIM card compliant, or have the No Permission No Takeoff feature.

The drone should have a fire resistant plate with the registration number on it.

The drone should have a flight controller with flight data logging capability.

Besides this, any drone that is going to be used in controlled airspace upto a height of 400 metres, needs to have the following additional features as well:

SSR transponder

Barometric equipment

Geo-fencing capability

Detect and avoid capability.

However, as it is with almost every other requirement, these don’t apply to Nano and Micro drones flying in uncontrolled airspace as long as they stay under 50 feet and 200 feet respectively. Above those limits, even these drones will also need to have the features and permits mentioned above.

Restrictions on Drone Usage

You can’t fly a drone within a radius of 3km from any civil, private, or defence airports.

In Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, and Bangalore, you can’t fly a drone within a radius of 5km from any civil, private, or defence airports.

No drones can be flown within permanent or temporary Prohibited, Restricted and Danger Areas.

No drones can be flown within a distance of 25km of international borders. This includes the Line of Control (LOC), Line of Actual Control (LOAC), and Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL).

You can’t fly a drone further than 500m into the sea from the coastline.

You can’t fly a drone within a range of 3km from any military facilities or installations.

No drones can be operated within a range of 5km from Vijay Chowk in Delhi.

You can’t fly a drone from a moving platform, which includes cars, ships, and aircrafts.

Ready to Fly a Drone in India?

These new regulations will go into effect from December 1, 2023, so if you’re looking to fly a drone in the country, make sure you get your drone registered, and that you get yourself a permit to fly drones in India.

Also, keep in mind that you are not breaking any laws and follow the restrictions mentioned because you might find yourself in legal trouble otherwise, especially since these are new rules. However, as long as you follow the rules, and your drone is registered, you should have no issues flying the drone around the country.

While flying a drone in India isn’t going to be as easy as it is in places like the US, it’s important to understand that India’s security needs do make it more difficult for the government to give free reign over drone usage in the country, especially near military installations. If you’re interested, you can read the entire document on the new drone regulations here.

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All You Need To Know About Group Policy In Windows

What Is Group Policy?

In general, Group Policy Editor comes in two variants. The first one is the Centralized or Active Directory Group Policy, and the second one is Local Group Policy.

Active Directory Group Policy

For instance, by changing a single policy called “Disable Windows Installer,” a network administrator can block all the users on any computer in the same domain from installing or updating any software on Windows.

Local Group Policy

Local Group Policy is not that different from the Active Directory Group Policy. While the Active Directory Group Policy is used in professional environments like offices to control a network of computers, Local Group Policy is used to configure settings for users on the same computer.

Of course, to make any changes to the Local Group Policy, you need to have administrator privileges. In case of Centralized or Active Directory Group Policy, you need to have network administrator privileges.

Considering how much control Group Policy gives a user, the feature is only intended to be used by professionals and power users. As such, it is only available for Pro and Enterprise users.

Categories in Local Group Policy Editor

When it comes to making changes to the Group Policy, most of us only ever use the Local Group Policy Editor. In general, Local Group Policy is divided into two major categories called Computer Configuration and User Configuration.

Computer Configuration: The policies in this category are applied to the entire computer regardless of the user. For instance, if you want to enforce a password strength policy for all users on the computer, you modify the relevant policy in this category.

User Configuration: The policies in this category are applied to users rather than the entire computer. Since the policies are applied to users rather than the computer, no matter what computer a user logs in to, the policies are automatically enforced by Windows.

If you’ve ever browsed through these categories, you might have seen the same policies in both categories which can be configured independently. In case of any policy clash between computer configuration and user configuration categories, the computer configuration will override the user configuration.

Using Local Group Policy

Compared to Registry Editor, using Local Group Policy is easy and straightforward. Add to that that each policy has a detailed description of what it is and what happens when you disable or enable a policy.

To open Local Group Policy, search for “Edit Group Policy” in the Start menu or type gpedit.msc in the Run dialog box, and press the Enter button.

This action will open the policy settings window. In this window you can see the policy description under the “Help” section. If the policy has any additional options, you will see them under the “Options” section.

To reset any policy to its default state, select the “Not configured” option.


Active Directory Group Policy image credit: Microsoft

Vamsi Krishna

Vamsi is a tech and WordPress geek who enjoys writing how-to guides and messing with his computer and software in general. When not writing for MTE, he writes for he shares tips, tricks, and lifehacks on his own blog Stugon.

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Macos 13 Ventura: All You Need To Know About Apple’s New Os

The slogan for this new version of the Mac OS is “Works smarter. Plays harder”. After all, as you can see on the Cupertino company’s official website, You can do everything you do on a Mac in a better way via macOS Ventura. There are a lot of new ways to improve productivity, share interests, and work together on apps”.

There are many new features that macOS Ventura 13 will add to Apple computers, including features on Mail, Spotlight, Safari, Passkey, Messages, Photos, and many others. In summary, users are eagerly awaiting the release of this update.

macOS 13 Ventura Launch date

According to Apple’s announcement, macOS Ventura 13 will be available on Monday, October 24, in the final week of October. However, the Cupertino company recently released the macOS 13 Ventura Release Candidate. Which in reality is a developer-only version that precedes the final one.

Download macOS 13 Ventura

All Macs released to the market starting in 2023 will be able to download the new version of macOS Ventura for free. In more detail, the update will be installed automatically after the software has been downloaded from the Mac App Store.

macOS 13 Ventura Compatibility

As previously stated, macOS 13 Ventura will be available on all Macs sold starting in 2023. Therefore, there won’t be an update for “older” Intel models.

The Macs compatible with the new operating system will be:

MacBook Air: starting from 2023

MacBook Pro: starting from 2023

MacBook: starting from 2023

iMac Pro: starting from 2023

Mac mini: starting from 2023

2024 Mac Studio Mac Pro

In other words, the only way to fulfill the desire of those who own an older model of Mac and want to try the new operating system is to purchase a newer computer.

macOS 13 Ventura New features

Numerous new features in the new operating system guarantee a never-before-seen experience. Stage Manager, Continuity, Passkey, Mail, Messages, Spotlight, and Safari got the most important features.

Stage Manager

This function automatically arranges the open windows so that the app the user is using can take the center stage. On the other hand, the other windows will show up on the left and be available at all times. When working on multiple tasks or projects, grouping windows will also be an option.


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With this new feature, the Mac’s webcam can now be in use with the iPhone’s camera. Additionally, users will be able to start a FaceTime call on their iPhone or iPad. And transfer it to their computer thanks to the addition of “Handoff” to FaceTime.


This feature is unquestionably one of the coolest. In reality, using your own biometric authentication method will be sufficient in place of creating a new password. Therefore, writing down a password won’t be necessary. Actually, passkeys are distinct digital keys that are stored locally on the device rather than online. End-to-end encryption is in use to synchronize with iCloud Keychain on Mac, iPhone, iPad, and Apple TV. Finally, scanning a QR code will be sufficient. If the user needs to log in on non-Apple devices using the iPhone.


It will be possible to postpone, schedule, and receive alerts for any follow-up. And even cancel an email that has already been sent. In addition, the internal research has improved from the previous version.


You can now retrieve accidentally deleted chats, edit or cancel recently sent messages, mark messages as unread, and mark messages as read. In addition, when a user shares a file through the app, you can collaborate with other users or share a copy of the file. A specific conversation will start on Messages in the case of collaboration.


The most energy-efficient browser on macOS has always been Safari. And it now has a useful new feature for collaborative projects called shared tab groups. This feature enables you to share a particular group of tabs with particular friends, who can then add new cards to the collection.


The new operating system’s Spotlight has a refreshed look that makes navigation even easier. Now, you can search for a picture using the position, scene, or position criteria (even through the text they contain). The ability to start a timer, create a document, and perform a link is the last option.


The new wallpaper for macOS 13 Ventura was unveiled at Apple’s WWDC 2023. It demonstrates the graphic overhaul that the company wanted to give its operating system.

With orange tones on a blue background. It is an image with a figure in the center that is available in Light and Dark versions. It is a distinctive background that unquestionably grabs users’ attention.

macOS 13 Ventura Beta version

Ventura, like every other version of macOS, has its own beta program that began before the stable will be released. There are two types of macOS betas: those intended for developers and those intended for the general public.

To participate in the beta, you must first log in to the official Apple website using your Apple ID, enroll your Mac (or other macOS-powered devices) in the program, and then download and run the macOS Public Beta Access Utility, which is a small program that makes sure your Mac is able to receive beta updates.

Huawei P Smart 2023: All You Need To Know

Huawei is the second leading Android smartphone vendor in the world and it’s mainly because of the sheer number of devices it churns out every year.

The P series is one of the company’s popular family of smartphones and late last year, it got a new line of devices dubbed Smart, with the first member christened Huawei P Smart. Huawei then followed it up with the launch of the P Smart+ in August 2023, a device that goes by the name Nova 3i in some markets like India and Australia.


With a year down the line since the debut of the P Smart series, tradition dictates that it’s time the OG P Smart gets a successor, the Huawei P Smart 2023. Well, technically, the phone is among us, only waiting for Huawei to announce official pricing and availability details.

So, let’s see what we have in the Huawei P Smart 2023, beginning with specs.

Huawei P Smart 2023 specs

6.21-inch 19.5:9 FHD+ LCD display

Kirin 710 processor


64GB expandable storage, up to 512GB

Dual 13MP + 2MP main camera

8MP front camera

3400mAh battery

Android 9 Pie with EMUI 9.0

Extras: Bluetooth 4.2, microUSB port, 3.5mm audio jack, NFC, FM radio, Rear-mounted FPS, 5V/2A 10W charging, etc.

Looking at the design, specs, and features of the Huawei P Smart 2023, it is more of the same device as the Honor 10 Lite, but with a few tweaks here and there. In fact, the only notable difference is the design of the rear cameras, where the two lenses are in one frame on the P Smart 2023 and each is on its own with respect to the Honor 10 Lite.

The Huawei P Smart 2023 is a significant upgrade over its predecessor in terms of both specs and features. The phone packs a much bigger 6.21-inch panel with a notch, a departure from the outgoing notch-less panel. The processor under the hood is also getting a bump to the latest midrange chipset from the company, the Kirin 710.

The Honor 10 Lite has multiple memory options, but the Huawei P Smart 2023 only gets a 3/64GB combo, although we wouldn’t be surprised if more variants show up at launch. Compared to the 2023 edition, the same dual-lens package of 13MP + 2MP has been retained on the back of the 2023 edition and so is the 8MP selfie shooter, but this time you get PDAF on the main shooter.

The outgoing Huawei P Smart had a 3000mAh battery unit, which has been upgraded to 3400mAh on the P Smart 2023 edition. To reduce the time it takes to fill up the bigger battery, you get support for 5V/2A 10W charging technology that delivers the maximum amount any non-fast charging charger can manage.

In terms of software, the Huawei P Smart 2023 runs Android 9 Pie with EMUI 9.0 on top out of the box. The phone also comes with extras such as Bluetooth 4.2, microUSB port for data transfer and charging, 3.5mm audio jack, NFC, FM radio, a rear-mounted fingerprint scanner and possibly face unlock for facial authentication purposes, among others.

Huawei P Smart 2023 pricing and availability

A French retailer, Boulanger, recently listed the Huawei P Smart 2023 for sale, but later took down the page. Of course, plenty of publications had already captured this info before the page went offline and if the details in the post are anything to go by, we can say we do have the price info of the phone.

Apparently, the Huawei P Smart 2023 will retail at €250 in Europe, with availability expected beginning January 2nd. The phone will be sold in Black and Aurora Blue color options. Still, keep in mind that the page has been taken down, which could mean anything, including that the info provided wasn’t accurate.

— Roland Quandt (@rquandt) December 12, 2023

We will update this post with official information when the phone is announced, probably before the end of 2023.

What You Need To Know About Getting The New Covid

The change in season is coming with a change in COVID-19 vaccines. Last week, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized the use of another round of boosters, with the Pfizer-BioNTech shot green lit for people 12 years and older and the Moderna shot for people 18 and older. The shots can only be received after at least two months following the primary vaccination series.

Unlike previous doses, the new booster is a bivalent vaccine which includes an updated formula containing the mRNA of the original SARS-CoV-2 strain to broadly protect against COVID-19 infection, as well as the mRNA of the more recent Omicron BA.4 and BA.5 variants. As of September, the BA.5 variant is currently the dominant variant circulating in the United States, making up 88.6 percent of cases.

Infectious disease experts are bracing for another surge of cases in the fall and winter, but they are cautiously optimistic that the new COVID-19 boosters will provide immunity against severe disease and illness. These vaccinations will be available soon—here’s what you need to know before you get one.

When can I get the new boosters?

By the end of the week. The White House COVID-19 Response Team said in a September 6 press briefing that they have already shipped millions of doses once they received the FDA’s authorization on August 31. They announced that by Friday, September 9, “over 90 percent of Americans will live within five miles of these new updated vaccines.”

You can visit chúng tôi to find sites carrying the new boosters. Appointments at pharmacies such as CVS and Walgreens will become available this weekend with a majority of slots opening up next week. You can also contact your primary care provider or local health clinic to see if they are taking vaccine appointments and which booster they are carrying.

Should I go with the Moderna or the Pfizer-BioNTech booster?

Michael Chang, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at UTHealth Houston and Memorial Hermann Hospital, says there’s not much evidence to suggest one is better than the other. However, he says pre-clinical data showed little difference between the two and both were effective in preventing illness and hospitalization. 

Sharon Nachman, chief of the division of pediatric infectious diseases at Stony Brook Children’s Hospital, recommends trying for a mix-and-match strategy this time around. “If you’ve gotten Pfizer as your primary series, it’s a great idea to swap out and go for the Moderna booster and vice versa.” She says because the vaccines are formulated a little differently and there’s more research to suggest that mixing and matching gives you an extra boost of immunity, you’re likely to have a higher degree of protection.

I already had a COVID booster. Do I need this one?

Yes. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says you’re not up to date with your vaccines until you’ve finished your primary series and the most recently authorized booster. Even if you received a booster earlier this year, Chang says these new shots are better at targeting Omicron strains. “It will better cover the currently circulating variants and potentially provide broader immunity against future variants,” he explains. Since the newer boosters are more effective, they will replace the previous boosters, which will not be offered anymore to people over the age of 12, Chang adds. 

[Related: Omicron boosters are the future of COVID vaccines in the US]

Chang says if you received your booster even three to four months ago, your antibody levels are probably falling. Both he and Nachman agree that getting the bivalent vaccine will raise the country’s collective immunity and provide as much protection as possible going forward. As the US transitions from pandemic to endemic mode, the priorities have shifted towards learning how to live with? and manage the virus. 

“COVID is here to stay,” adds Nachman. “It’s going to be part of our lives and I suspect we’ll have annual dosing like the flu vaccine every year.”

I just recovered from COVID. How long can I hold off on getting a booster?

Studies measuring antibody levels after each strain of infection shows a lot of variation with naturally acquired protection, Nachman explains. In some cases, she says antibodies lasted a couple of months while others saw levels dropping sooner than that. “Would I run and get the booster a day [after testing negative]? No,” she says. “Would I wait six months? Absolutely not.”

When is the best time to get the bivalent booster?

If you recently recovered from infection and delay the dose for three to four months, Chang says you’ll likely have your highest antibody levels during the winter, a time when infectious disease experts expect to see a surge in cases after the holidays. “You will probably have peak antibodies within two weeks or so [after immunization].” Chang also recommends waiting three to four months for people who received a booster in the summer or in the last two weeks.

Nachman says that in an ideal world, people would wait until October or November to get the booster to prepare for a bad winter. But if you have underlying immune issues or are living with someone with multiple medical problems, she recommends getting the vaccine immediately. If you’re planning on traveling outside of the country, she says it’d be ideal to get your vaccine a month before to protect yourself against a potential outbreak in another country. “There’s no one right answer,” she cautions. When in doubt, Nachman highly recommends speaking with your doctor about the right timing for you to get the booster shot.

[Related: China approves world’s first nasal COVID-19 vaccine booster]

Will the booster have any side effects?

Yes. Both experts say you should expect to see similar side effects as your previous vaccines such as low-grade fever, muscle soreness around the injection site, and fatigue. Though Chang is hopeful that the side effects won’t be as severe as prior vaccinations. “In some cases with people who had vaccine side effects, we’re seeing a little less side effects with each booster.”

To prepare for the side effects, experts recommend getting a full night’s rest, gently moving your body to help with fatigue and muscle aches, and staying hydrated throughout the day. Nachman does not recommend taking pain relievers such as aspirin, Tylenol, or Motrin prior to vaccination. Instead, she says it’s better to take Tylenol a couple of hours after.

When will boosters be available for kids from 5 to 11?

There’s no clear timeline on when boosters will become available for kids between 5 to 11 years. Both experts say Moderna and Pfizer-BioNTech are already starting the groundwork to conduct studies on the appropriate dosage for this age group. 

Chang says the process toward authorizing boosters for kids should not take as long—he could even see more developments before the end of the year. Nachman’s prediction is a bit more grim. She says parents should not expect COVID booster eligibility for younger age groups until late winter 2023. The CDC recommends children 5 to 11 years old get a monovalent—containing only the original strain—booster dose in the meantime.

All You Need To Know About Irs Forms For Independent Contractors

If you are a business owner who occasionally hires self-employed contractors, you need to know a number of forms to the IRS for reporting purposes. In this article, we examine various tax forms for contractors and describe major differences between independent contractors and regular employees.

Who is an Independent Contractor?

From the perspective of the IRS, independent contractors are considered self-employed workers. This means that they have to use tax forms as independent contractors and pay their taxes on time.

Here are several examples of independent contractors that frequently work for organizations:

freelancers such as web designers, graphic designers, copywriters, virtual assistants, and many other self-employed professionals;

real estate agents, carpenters, plumbers, house cleaners, and other tradesmen.

Independent contractors usually work under a contract and may permit any kind of job required by a company. Since they are not employed by the firm to which they provide their services, they have the freedom to organize their working time, pick the tasks they want to accomplish, and set their own prices for the job.

Also read:

5 Best Resource Capacity Planning Tools for Teams

What Tax Forms Do Independent Contractors Use?

Independent contractors and self-employed workers must file their tax returns using corresponding tax forms for an independent contractor. Thus you have to know the requirements for an independent contractor and which tax forms you need to submit to complete the documents correctly and avoid penalties.

Form W-9

Form 1099-NEC

This IRS document reports non-employee compensation made to independent contractors. Companies use it to report payments of $600 or more to hired self-employed individuals during a tax year.

A contractor doesn’t have to fill out this form: This is a firm’s obligation. Organizations need to file Form 1099-NEC with the IRS by January 31 and send a copy to the independent contractor by the same date.

Form 1096

This form for contractors is used to provide the IRS with data regarding the payments made to independent contractors. It includes the total amount of compensation and is generally filled out by the client. Companies have to submit Form 1096 to the IRS by the last day of February. We have prepared a detailed guide on how to fill out 1096 to help business owners do everything without mistakes.

Work Agreement or Contract

This document defines the terms of the agreement between the contractor and the client. It includes information about the scope of work, payment terms, and any other applicable data. The agreement also specifies which taxes the contractor has to pay.

Tax Forms for Contractors: Seamless Tax Reporting

Independent contractor tax forms can vary depending on the category of agreement and regulations, so a professional approach to filing taxes will help you meet all IRS requirements. Companies that hire independent contractors have to be entirely aware of the corresponding forms to ensure that all applicable taxes are paid correctly and on time. We hope that our guide has shed some light on which IRS tax form for contractors you as a business owner have to file when you hire a self-employed person.

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