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With the elevated role of mobile in today’s business workflows, enterprises can no longer depend entirely on passwords to protect their employees’ corporate or personal devices.

Password management is a growing problem. The average person today has 27 discrete online log-ins, but in many cases they use just a few passwords across all their accounts. As many as 37 percent of people say they forget a password at least once a week. Even more concerning: some of the most popular passwords used in 2024 included “123456” and the word “password” itself.

In the workplace, employees today are expected to manage a growing number of IDs and passwords too – many of which provide access to confidential corporate or customer data. Poor password practices and the rise in identity theft have forced IT departments to enact stricter password rules, further exacerbating the password management problem for employees.

Fortunately, biometric authentication is changing the mobile security paradigm, offering a way for enterprises to defend corporate data against current and emerging threats. Biometrics take the burden off the employee; if their fingerprint or iris is their password, it will inherently be unique and they should have no issues remembering it. The technology is available today, but enterprises will need to take proactive steps over the next several years to ensure they are effectively leveraging biometric authentication in their security architecture.

Password Practices

Password management in business still lacks a level of standardization across industries, even with so many reports of hacking, malware and ransomware attacks across businesses and government.

Organizations might have unofficial password management standards, or none at all, often leaving passwords at the mercy of human error. Some users may store their passwords in a paper notebook, an unencrypted file or their web browser, according to a report from SANS Institute. Enterprises dependent on software-as-a-service applications offer the option for users to set two-factor authentication, but it doesn’t mean every organization is mandating employees to use it.

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As a mobile device manufacturer, Samsung has sought to address this problem in a couple of ways. First, we’ve added secure biometric authentication features to many of our devices and strived to make them as easy as possible to use. The new Samsung Galaxy S8 takes this to the next level, offering a choice of fingerprint or iris scanning technology for secure biometric authentication.

Second, we’ve introduced Samsung Pass, a management tool that allows you to use your biometrics to replace passwords in your accounts (specifically when using the Samsung web-browser). This technology integration aims to balance security and convenience on both personal and work devices, helping consumers to take charge of their digital lives.

Our focus in the coming months is on building out the Samsung Pass ecosystem by allowing its integration into key consumer-facing applications and services. Samsung is working with many of the top banks, for instance, to integrate Samsung Pass into their services, making mobile banking more secure and simple.

What Does Samsung Pass Mean for the Enterprise?

For the enterprise, our aim with Samsung Pass is to provide customers with a simple, secure and integrated biometric authentication platform to securely manage their employees’ access to corporate data and systems.

This will be of particular interest to customers in healthcare, financial services and government, where security and compliance are always a top concern.

We are putting a lot of thinking and hard work into making Samsung Pass enterprise-ready, including allowing multi-modalities depending on the customer’s needs, and planning integration into our Knox Workspace data separation solution.

Emergence of Iris Scanning Technology

Iris scanning, in combination with Samsung Pass, offers a powerful authentication solution for the enterprise. While there are reports of fake fingerprints fooling fingerprint scanners, there’s much less threat of a fake iris because each part of the human eyeball (iris, pupil and sclera) has different IR reflection rates. A cybercriminal can’t use a picture or artificial eye, because neither has reflection rate differences.

Iris scans stored on the device are digitized and saved in Knox TrustZone as an encryption code. Our support for TrustZone and public key cryptography ensures device and server-level security and provides a strong foundation for consumer or enterprise-secured services involving sensitive data.

With all the threats facing mobile users today, password management is no longer sufficient. Biometric authentication is a must for enterprises who want to protect their employees and their data from current and emerging security threats.

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Biometric Missing Or Uninstalled Biometric Device Using Device Manager

If the Biometric device driver is missing in your system’s Device Manager or you have uninstalled it accidentally, this post will help you restore it. You might have seen that Windows 11/10 provides users with some additional sign-in options, like Windows Hello Fingerprint, Windows Hello Face, etc. These features require Biometric device drivers to work properly. If a user uninstalls Biometric device drivers from his system accidentally, he may experience many errors with Windows Hello sign-in options.

Biometric devices not showing in Device Manager

Below, we have listed some methods to restore the uninstalled or missing Biometric device drivers on Windows 11/10. But, before you begin, you can do one thing, open Device Manager and scan for hardware changes. According to the feedback of many affected users, this trick helped them restore the missing Biometric device on their system. You should also try this. If nothing happens, you can proceed towards the solutions listed below.

Biometric missing or Uninstalled Biometric device using Device Manager

The following solutions may help you restore the missing or uninstalled Biometric device on your Windows 11/10 computer.

Install chúng tôi file.

Reinstall device driver via PowerShell.

Reset Facial Recognition and Fingerprint options in Settings.

Uninstall and reinstall the drivers.

1] Install Windows chúng tôi file

If you have uninstalled the Biometric device from Device Manager accidentally, installation of the chúng tôi file can bring it back.

The steps to do so are listed below:

Open File Explorer.

Copy the following path and paste it into the File Explorer’s address bar. C:WindowsSystem32WinBioPlugInsFaceDriver

There you will find chúng tôi file.

Follow the on-screen instructions.

Restart your system after the installation process gets completed and see if the Biometric device is restored in the Device Manager or not.

If you do not find the chúng tôi file at the location listed in step 2 above, go to the following location and open the folder named amd64_microsoft-windows-hello-face. There you will find the installation file.

C:WindowsWinSxS 2] Reinstall device driver via PowerShell

If the manual installation of the chúng tôi file does not work, you can try to install it via PowerShell. Follow the below-listed steps:

Launch PowerShell as an administrator.

Before executing the command to reinstall the HelloFace driver, you have to change the current working directory in PowerShell. For this, execute the command cd followed by the targeted directory. For your convenience, we have written the complete command below. You just have to copy it and paste it into the PowerShell.

cd C:WindowsSystem32WinBioPlugInsFaceDriver directory

Now, type the following command and press Enter. This will remove the HelloFace driver.

pnputil.exe /delete-driver .HelloFace.inf

Now, you have to reinstall the HelloFace driver. For this type the following command in the PowerShell and hit Enter.

pnputil.exe /add-driver .HelloFace.inf /install

Wait till the installation process gets completed.

Open the Device Manager. It should show the Biometric device driver now.

3] Reset Facial Recognition and Fingerprint options in Settings

Resetting Facial Recognition and Fingerprint options via the Windows Settings app can help restore uninstalled or missing Biometric device drivers.

The following steps will help you with that:

Launch Windows Settings 10 app.

Follow the on-screen instructions to set up Windows Hello again.

Restart your computer if required.

Now, open Device Manager and check whether the Biometric device driver is restored or not.

4] Uninstall and reinstall the drivers

If you have not uninstalled the Biometric device driver but it is missing from the Device Manager, you can try the following solution:

Open Device Manager.

Now, expand the Other devices or Unknown devices node (whichever is available in your Device Manager) and check if the Biometric device driver is available there.

Now, Visit the manufacturer’s website and download the latest driver software.

Install the downloaded driver software and restart your computer.

Hope this helps.

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Institute For Management Accountants (Ima)

Institute for Management Accountants (IMA)

An organization that provides finance and accounting professionals with education and development opportunities

Written by

CFI Team

Published April 7, 2023

Updated June 28, 2023

What is the Institute for Management Accountants (IMA)?

The Institute for Management Accountants (IMA) is an organization that provides finance and accounting professionals with education and development opportunities. The organization strives to help certify, connect, develop, and support the world’s best accountants and finance professionals.

The IMA is best known for the Certified Management Accountant (CMA) designation. It also supplies an active professional network, well-respected journals and newsletters, and other resources to its members.

The Institute for Management Accountants is a global association with finance and accounting professionals across the world. It lists members working across various industries for non-profits, private companies, public companies, and academic institutions. The IMA comprises over 125,000 members across 150 countries and more than 300 professional and student chapters.

The Institute for Management Accountants’ vision is to align their organization with five core values: respect for the individual, passion for serving members, highest standards of integrity and trust, innovation and continuous improvement, and teaming to achieve.

The organization strives to uphold all of these values and practices at the business community’s highest ethical standards. Their values also include a strong commitment to diversity and inclusion to foster healthy and mutual respect between individuals.

Membership Benefits History

The Institute for Management Accountants came into existence a little over a century ago. Founded in 1919 in Buffalo, N.Y., the IMA was first known as the National Association for Cost Accountants (NACA) to help cultivate cost accounting knowledge and understand their management roles.

In 1957, its name changed to the National Association of Accountants (NAA). By 1991, the association would change its name to what it is known as today, the Institute for Management Accountants (IMA).

The organization’s grown outside of the U.S. and into a worldwide association of professionals. There are regional offices in China, Middle East/Africa, India, Europe, Southeast Asia, and a global office in the United States. A more detailed breakdown of the IMA timeline and growth can be found on their website.

Service Offerings

IMA’s two main certificates are the CMA (Certified Management Accountant) and the CSCA (Certified in Strategy and Competitive Analysis), a secondary building block after achieving the CMA designation.

The requirements for the CMA are as follows:

Candidates must be an active IMA member and successfully complete parts 1 and 2 of the CMA Exam;

Possess a bachelor’s degree from an accredited college/university;

Uphold the IMA’s statement of ethical professional practice; and

Obtain two continuous years of professional experience in financial management or management accounting.

The CSCA is a continuation of the CMA designation to help expand the strategic knowledge and planning processes, helping complement the CMA learnings.

Based on an IMA survey, members found that they earn, on average, almost $27,000 more in total compensation compared to non-CMAs. At the end of the day, the CMA takes a significant amount of commitment and monetary investment. However, it can provide an excellent return professionally once achieved. 

What is a Management Accountant?

Management accountants track a company’s income and expenses and often take on significant responsibility and decision-making authority. Some responsibilities include helping manage and analyze investment risk, strategic planning, budgeting, keeping general accounting records, and other decision-making duties.

Management accountants prepare data internally for a company to help make educated decisions to boost net income. This is what separates a management accountant from a financial accountant or public accountant.

Often, management accountants will oversee a team of other accountants who take care of more basic accounting tasks. A good management accountant will find trends and areas of growth/improvement for their firm regarding its risk, financing, and other areas of the company. Some companies encourage their accountants to pursue the CMA as it provides their employees with more detailed accounting knowledge and recognition.

The Institute of Management Accountants caters towards management accountants, as the name states, but is not limited to purely that profession.


The Institute for Management Accountants is a top-rated association for accounting and business professionals. It provides prestigious designations to the members that choose to pursue them and many other benefits, including career support, a vast professional network, research sources, and much more. Founded in 1919, IMA is known to uphold a high ethical standard and provide extensive value to its members.

Additional Resources

CFI offers the Certified Banking & Credit Analyst (CBCA)® certification program for those looking to take their careers to the next level. To keep learning and developing your knowledge base, please explore the additional relevant resources below:

Enterprise Architecture Is Dead — Long Live Enterprise Architecture

A recent column by Chris Pickering suggested that Enterprise Architecture (EA) be allowed to rest in peace — or die as a concept or approach. His premise is that it either is no longer, or possibly never was, a valid approach to anything.

While many an EA effort failed to provide expected value, this is the case of most transformation approaches when they were applied improperly — including business process reengineering and “big bang” ERP.

Clearly Mr. Pickering brings a valuable perspective to us with his experiences of EA — and he is correct that all change initiatives must provide near-term value to be sustainable. This is one of the reasons why Six Sigma is popular; it provides rapid and quantitative value.

Many, however, fail to understand EA. To understand EA, one must understand the roots of EA — IBM’s Business Systems Planning methodology (BSP), the precursor to most IT strategic planning approaches.

After the publishing of BSP, John Zachman produced a paper in the IBM Systems Journal titled “A Framework for IT Architecture,” which included a 3-by-6 matrix of perspectives and interrogatories. This matrix was intended to describe the notion that different stakeholders within an organization care about different things even though they all work for the same organization, a notion now embodied in the IEEE 1471-2000 standard, which is gaining much acceptance in the IT community.

Zachman’s matrix, intentionally called a “Framework for IT Architecture,” was intended to graphically represent how many of the artifacts or models of BSP linked together to bring about alignment between strategic intent and operational reality. It was called a “Framework” because it was intended to be a frame of reference or a structure that pulls related parts into a whole.

Toward IT Anarchy

Recognizing that EA is a component of BSP, to pronounce EA dead is to pronounce BSP dead, and BSP is the foundation for IT strategy and planning. Thus, to take Mr. Pickering’s argument to the extreme, we should let IT strategy and planning die, allowing IT anarchy within organizations in a world that is rapidly becoming more cost conscious, less secure, more regulated, and more connected.

Non sequitur? Not really. EA, by most interpretations, is a process of alignment between business and IT. It is a process of decomposing loose business strategies and requirements into meaningful operational design — of systems, of processes, of information, and of infrastructure. Often this EA manifests itself as sets of models and diagrams. If a picture is worth a thousand words, a model is worth a million! Unfortunately, within the English language most verbs can also be nouns, so EA, the process, is often confused with EA, the models.

BSP was developed in the ’70s to provide a mechanism to ensure that when an organization invested in IT, it invested optimally and in support of its strategy. BSP also helped to ensure that processes were fixed before they were automated. We all know that when bad processes are automated, things just get worse at a faster pace.

Up until the early ’90s, EA planning was a viable approach in its initial instantiation. As software evolved, becoming commercially available in the late ’80s, it forced commoditization of hardware. The mantra changed from “nobody ever got fired for buying IBM” to “let the software drive the hardware decisions.”

This philosophical change also led to a change in the way in which EA planning should have been performed. Doing future-state 5th normal form E-R diagrams for the entire enterprise was no longer an appropriate EA planning technique. Why? As the software market began to mature in the ’90s, a rash of enterprise products emerged, all with their own data models. These included ERP, SCM and CRM. Those who abandoned EA planning altogether, however, were those feeling the pains of having multiple enterprise applications installed, replete with overlapping functional support and overlapping data sets.

Alas, while EA was no silver bullet, neither were the enterprise class of commercially available applications, particularly when installed devoid of sound planning and control. It is common to see organizations with multiple ERP systems. By having more than one ERP, doesn’t that fundamentally remove the “E” from ERP?

Our studies show, however, that those with governed enterprise architecture standards in place during this timeframe enjoyed a 30% reduction in end-user computing costs.

Is Linux Kernel 2.6 Primed For The Enterprise?

Linux Kernel 2.6 has been in stable release for months now, which is like dog’s years in kernel time. Kernel releases are exciting times for Linux geeks, because it’s just plain fun to be able to replace the kernel on a system, or have several different kernels installed, and choose among them as the whim strikes. Oh yes, you want to gain improved performance and functionality, too.

Of course us sober, conscientious admins evaluate software upgrades in terms of necessity, not in terms of fun. Let’s take a look at what’s new and improved in 2.6.

2.6 rocks — how’s that for an executive summary? This kernel is improved in every way — for everything from PDAs and other wee embedded devices, to desktops and workstations, to high-demand servers. Improved multimedia, networking, journaling and distributed filesystems, RAID, LVM (Linux volume manager), more RAM, more users, more devices, and more speed in every way. While Linux has always had the broadest support for different hardware platforms, with this release it’s finally also a real honest-to-goodness enterprise operating system. Here are eight reasons why:

Both Red Hat and SuSE have had business-ready 64-bit distributions available since the middle of last year. These do not use the 2.6 kernel, but are highly customized 2.4.x kernels with pieces from 2.6. (The major Linux vendors will have full 2.6 kernel implementations available later this year.) When you put these packaged 2.6 implementations on an AMD Opteron system, which supports both 32- and 64-bit applications, you have yourself a kickbutt high-demand server or workstation. Fujitsu-Siemens, Sun, IBM, HP, and several other major vendors have jumped on the Opteron/Linux bus.

Itanium, Intel’s 64-bit x86 processor, has its strengths, but I favor the Opteron’s excellent native support for 32-bit applications. Itanium uses software emulation — the IA-32 execution layer — to run 32-bit programs.)

Earlier this week, Intel made a move to take on AMD head-on when it announced plans to release 64-bit extensions for its x86 processor family (Xeon and Pentium) by the end of the year. Xeon’s Nocona version will get the first crack at the extensions, which Intel commonly refers to as “CT,” or Clackamas Technology, beginning in the second quarter. The 64-bit Pentium extensions for “Prescott” P4s are expected to debut sometime midyear.

No, not Numa the lion, but Non-Uniform Memory Access. What this does is remove a major bottleneck in multi-processor systems, by creating more efficient memory usage. SMP (symmetric multi-processing) does OK up to 8-12 CPUs. The 2.6 kernel supports up to 64 CPUs, so NUMA support is a big plus. You can imagine the traffic jams from a batch of CPUs all fighting for access on a shared memory bus. NUMA acts like an air traffic controller at an insanely busy airport, keeping things moving and preventing collisions.

This is not your grampa’s kernel. 2.6 is fast, measuring as much as five times faster than the 2.4 kernel, for both Web servers and application servers. It’s also blazingly fast for both file servers (with Samba) and databases. Many tests and benchmarks have been done, see “Kernel comparison: Web serving on 2.4 and 2.6” in Resources.

The addressing space for unique users has gone to 32-bit, from 16-bit, so now you can support 4 billion unique users, instead of a measly 65,000.

Page 2: Hyper-Threading, or Fake CPUs

The Remote Computer Requires Network Level Authentication

With proper configuration, Windows 10 can be used to connect to another remote computer over either a local connection or over the internet. However, many users have reported an error, where they cannot connect to remote computers over the network, getting an error that says the following:

“The remote computer requires network level authentication, which your computer does not support. For assistance, contact your system administrator or technical support.”


“The remote computer that you are trying to connect to requires Network level authentication but your Windows domain controller cannot be contacted to perform NLA. If you are an administrator on the remote computer, you can disable NLA by using the options on the Remote tab of the System Properties dialog box.”

Here, I shall discuss how you can resolve the issue if you get the network level authentication error on your system.

Here is a simple step that you can follow to disable network level authentication easily. This is done using the System Properties dialog box. Follow these steps carefully to solve the ‘the remote computer requires network level authentication’ error message.

Open a Run dialog by pressing Win + R.

Type chúng tôi and press Enter to launch the System Properties window.

Go to the Remote

Under the Remote desktop subsection, uncheck the box next to ‘Allow connections only from computers running Remote Desktop with Network level authentication (recommended)’

Reboot your system.

Now check if you are able to connect to the remote computer with this setting disabled. This should solve the error on your device. There are some other ways to disable the network level authentication on your system as well.

One of the easiest methods to disable NLA consists using PowerShell commands to perform the desired action. PowerShell allows you to tap into the remote computer and after targeting the machine, execute the command to disable NLA.

Note: Replace Target-Machine-Name with your machine name

(Get-WmiObject -class “Win32_TSGeneralSetting” -Namespace rootcimv2terminalservices -ComputerName $TargetMachine -Filter “TerminalName=’RDP-tcp’”).SetUserAuthenticationRequired(0)

Group policy editor is a powerful tool that can help you customize many important Windows settings without having to go through editing registry. Disabling NLA using the group policy editor can be very useful especially if you are blanket disabling. Follow these steps to disable ‘remote desktop network level authentication’ using local group policy editor.

Open a Run dialog by pressing Win + R.

Type gpedit.msc and press Enter to launch the Local Group Policy Editor.

Require user authentication for remote connections by using Network level authentication

Check if the error has been resolved on your device by attempting to connect to the remote desktop using NLA disabled.

You can also use the registry to solve the ‘the remote computer requires network level authentication’ error on your network system. Follow these steps to solve the remote desktop authentication error on your remote desktop.

Note: The registry is one the most powerful and important tools in Windows, and making any changes without knowing the consequences can possibly brick your device. Make sure to prepare a backup before making any changes to your device, and follow the provided steps precisely.

Open a Run dialog by pressing Win + R.



Close the registry editor and reboot your device.

Now check if the network level authentication error is resolved on your device.

Remote desktops can be very useful in sharing and interacting with computers in other locations in a local manner. However, the ‘the remote computer requires network level authentication’ error can prevent remote connections and prevent sharing of resources. Now you know how to solve this using the solutions provided above. Comment below if you found this useful, and to discuss further the same.

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