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In 2014, the famous British scientist Stephen Hawking said that efforts to create ‘thinking machines’ pose a danger to human existence.
In an interview with the BBC, he said, ‘The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.’
It was a stark statement, so why did he make it?
First, he made the statement in response to a question about how AI had helped improve the tools he used to speak.
Prof Hawking said that while early AI had proven very useful, the consequences of creating something that could match or surpass human intelligence are very concerning.
“It [the AI] would take off on its own and re-design itself at an ever-increasing rate,” he said.
“Humans, limited by slow biological evolution, couldn’t compete and would be superseded.”
Now that everyone has seen the immense yet flawed power of generative AI like ChatGPT and Bard (by Google), does Prof Hawking’s prediction appear even closer to reality?What are the biggest dangers of AI?
The biggest dangers of AI include the following:
Autonomous weapons that gain a ‘mind of their own’ and start killing people
AI’s power for social and electoral manipulation, especially in weakening democracies like the US and the UK
Invasion of privacy and social grading (like China’s social credit system)
Millions of job losses due to AI-powered job automation
AI biases and prejudices that put minority populations at risk
Algorithmic trading that could trigger the next financial crisis
And it’s not just the tech bros and scientists who envision the incredible power of AI.
Russia’s Vladimir Putin said, “Artificial intelligence is the future for Russia and all humankind. It comes with enormous opportunities but also threats that are difficult to predict. Whoever becomes the leader in this sphere will become the ruler of the world.”
Read more: An open letter calling for a pause on large AI projects by the Future of Life Institute.Stay compliant, stay competitive
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Book a callCan AI take over the world?
AI encompasses various technologies and applications and is not a single entity.
It is unlikely that a single AI system or application could dominate the world.
However, soon, machines could be so sophisticated they can hack into essential systems such as power grids and financial systems, gaining control of vital aspects of human life on the planet.What did Elon Musk say about AI?
As far back as 2014, Elon Musk warned an audience at MIT that AI is “our biggest existential threat”.
“I think we should be cautious about artificial intelligence. If I had to guess our [humanity’s] biggest existential threat, it’s probably that. So we need to be very careful,” said Musk.
“I’m increasingly inclined to think that there should be some regulatory oversight, maybe at the national and international level, just to ensure that we don’t do something very foolish.”
He went on to say: “With artificial intelligence, we are summoning the demon. In all those stories where there’s the guy with the pentagram and the holy water, it’s like – yeah, he’s sure he can control the demon. Doesn’t work out.”
Read more: As a company director, leader or board member, you should ensure your organisation has a policy on AI use in the workplace. Here’s a guide.Why AI will not take over the world
In straightforward terms, AI will have difficulty replacing humans because AI can’t replace human talent.
In specific tasks, artificial intelligence excels, but it must rely on training data to “think”.
Artificial intelligence cannot innovate or create, so businesses will still rely on humans to develop new ideas.
Communication is another thing humans excel at. Good communication is essential for leadership, team building, and establishing relationships with clients.
AI won’t replace human talent; it may even help it thrive.
AI is a tool, just like the printing press that revolutionised communication, or the personal computer, and then the Internet, which changed the world financially, socially and creatively.Will AI replace the human race?
In 2023, Musk told the New York Times that AI would grow vastly more intelligent than humans and overtake the human race by 2025, adding that things would get “unstable or weird.”
Despite Musk’s prediction, most experts in the field say humanity will survive as AI develops but there are growing calls for the industry to be regulated.
Learn more about ChatGPT at work. Maximising use, preventing misuse.
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Global warming has already affected our sea levels and permafrost, and now it’s coming after plants and animals. A new study shows that if we current on our current trajectory of global warming, 16 percent of species will be in danger of extinction.
University of Connecticut professor Mark Urban performed a meta-analysis of five years’ worth of multispecies studies, evaluating how extinction risk varied depending on “future global temperature increases, taxonomic groups, geographic regions, endemism, modeling techniques, dispersal assumptions, and extinction thresholds.” To counteract the wide variation in predictions, Urban analyzed studies that used both conservative and liberal extinction thresholds. He found that risk accelerates as our global temperature rises, and extinction risks are highest in South America, Australia, and New Zealand.
Possible reasons for increased risk in certain regions are the number of endemic species within a small range, and, for Australia and New Zealand, small land masses that restrict species from moving to more suitable climates. Regions that haven’t been studied as thoroughly might also face greater risks; for example, there were only four studies in Asia.
Since the studies available varied so widely in their predictions, Urban says he did his study to come up with a more global picture of extinction risks from climate change. He believes his meta-analysis takes into account uncertainties and provides “an overall mean” of the studies. “Depending on which study you look at, you can come away with a rosy or gloomy view of climate change extinctions,” he says. “That’s because each study focuses on different species, regions of the world, and makes different assumptions about climate change and species’ biologies.”
Though the studies Urban analyzed were diverse, they didn’t give the complete picture: many lacked information on factors like species interactions, dispersal differences, and evolution. These factors could significantly affect a species’ extinction risk. Urban says his study is a summary of the current information available, and he hopes his work inspires biologists to incorporate these processes into future models.
According to the Center for Biological Diversity, we’re right now in the midst of the worst species die-offs since the dinosaurs went extinct 65 million years ago, with 1,000 to 10,000 times the regular extinction rate. And last year, National Geographic reported that one species may have already gone extinct because of global warming: the golden toad.
To stop the current trajectory of climate change and protect the at-risk species, Urban says, we need to do three things. First, plan out how we can limit future warming. Second, develop more exact predictive models of species’ responses to climate change and pinpoint which species are most in danger. Third, take conservation measures to protect the species with the highest risk of extinction.
All of this sounds pretty doable, considering the extreme measures others have taken–like living in an orange ball atop a melting iceberg for a year.
Predicted extinction risks from climate change differ by region. The areas with the highest extinction risk are South America, Australia, and New Zealand (14 to 23 percent), and North America and Europe have the lowest risk (5 to 6 percent). Urban/ScienceMag.org
In a paper published last month, researchers at Australia’s Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization described the effectiveness of Caenorhabditis elegans, a millimeter long, mud-loving nematode, in detecting chemicals associated with explosives. If they’re right, bomb detection could get cheaper and easier. But not everyone is convinced that they are.
Nematodes aren’t the first organism investigated for their keen sense of smell. Dogs, rats, pigs, cows, insects, bacteria and even plants and have been used to find all kinds of explosives. So far, nothing has worked as well as the trusty canine snout.
But according to Dr. Stephen Trowell, the team’s leader, a machine that uses his worms could surpass all these in sensitivity. “All signs are that it’s as good as it gets,” he said.
The nematodes smell chemicals like nitroglyceride and cyclohexanone — both found in the air around homemade C4 explosives — through tiny scent organs on the sides of their mouths called amphids. Each amphid has twelve different kinds of receptors that relay signals to the brain.
Trowell thinks he can extract these receptors from the nematode and incorporate them into a portable testing device, removing the organism from the process entirely. To do so, they will have to couple the receptors to an electric signal, so their response would be readable by the machine. The specifics of the apparatus are still under wraps; Trowell wouldn’t give any details until their paper describing the mechanics was published.
So should bad guys really be worried? Glen Rains doesn’t think so. “There’s always talk about doing this electronically eventually,” said Rains, a biological and agricultural engineer at the University of Georgia in Athens, who has been working on training wasps to detect everything from explosives to crop disease. But, he said, the mechanization of these odor responses “will be further down the road than some people realize.”
One of the roadblocks Trowell and his team might encounter is that the proteins they extract have to still work outside of the worm. That’s not always the case, said Jeffrey Tomberlin, an entomologist at Texas A&M in College Station, who trains flies to detect odors, worries that proteins removed from the worm might stop sniffing all together. By taking the components out, he said, “you could lose the true essence of the response.”
The nematodes’ sense of smell is not only highly sensitive, but also specific — they can’t detect everything. In Trowell’s study, published in PLoS ONE in early September, they only responded to compounds associated with homemade and commercial explosives, and not high-end military bombs. Still, Trowell said, “many of the things that are available to people with bad intentions, we can detect.”
Despite skepticism from others in his field, Trowell’s lab has found no shortage of interest. The Australian Department of Defense recently gave the lab a grant to build a prototype of their bomb-sniffing machine, and the team filed for a patent on similar technology in January. It remains to be seen, however, if their device actually works.
In the meantime, Trowell isn’t limiting himself, or his worms, to bombs. His team is already using the nematodes to detect food and wine quality, and he hopes to use the worms to sniff out diseases by analyzing someone’s breath. While the technology might not be there yet, Trowell isn’t the only one excited about biological noses. Tomberlin agreed that when it comes to the potential applications, “the only limitation is our imagination.”
This article is provided by Scienceline, a project of New York University’s Science, Health and Environmental Reporting Program.
The screen on an Android device is probably the most fragile component. It’s very common for Android owners to end up stranded with a device that has a broken, black, or non-functional screen. What do you do though when all of your data is left on the device? If the device still powers on, there are a few options to try.
Note: If your device runs Android 4.0 or higher, you can backup your device using the Android SDK to get data off your phone to use on another Android device.
Before performing any of the steps below, you may want to remove the SD Card. The SD card has much of your personal data like music and photos. Some apps even use the SD card to store app data.
Some Android devices mount internal memory as a removable disk when you connect them to your PC. From there you can drag data over to your PC or delete it.Wipe Data Using One of These 6 Options Option 1: Wipe From Device Manager
If you have setup your Android to use Android Device Manager, you might be able to wipe the device from there. Ensure your device is powered on. Hopefully it will connect to the Internet just fine. Then from a computer, open Android Device Manager, and select the option to “Erase” your device.Option 2: Wipe Via Android Lost App
Login to Google Play via a computer, and attempt to push install the “Android Lost” app to your device. If it installs successfully, you may be able to power on your device and wipe it remotely from the Android Lost website.Option 3: Attempt to Figure Out the Button Sequence for a Hard Reset
You may want to figure out the exact button sequence for hard resetting your device. Each device’s hard reset sequence is different. If you can perhaps find a friend with the same device, or access a device at a local dealer, you can then perform the steps on the other device, then follow along on yours.
Another good option for learning the steps would be to visit YouTube and search for a video on how to factory reset or hard reset your specific model Android. You may then be able to follow along with the video on your own device. It’s difficult to do, but possible!Option 4: Use the Android SDK (root only with USB Debugging enabled)
If you have rooted your Android and happen to have enabled USB Debugging on the device before you lost the ability to use the screen, you’re in luck. You can simply install the SDK Tools or Android SDK on your computer, then use an ADB command to wipe data.
“adb shell“ then press “Enter“.
“wipe data” then press “Enter“.
If you see a message that says “Done wiping /data“, you have wiped data from the device.Option 5: Replace the Screen
Of course, there are many places that replace phone and tablet screens. People who are savvy enough may want to purchase a replacement screen from one of many websites that sell and replace them. There are also do it yourself sites that show you how to replace the screen. There is always a chance that may not work though, and it’s a very expensive way to find that out.Option 6: Physically Damage the Device
Last but not least, you can physically damage the device. Smash it into little bits. Some people believe that there is no real way to be sure the device is damaged to the point where data is not recoverable. But who is going to bother messing with your smashed up device just to see your pictures from Christmas 3 years ago?
The top Edge AI trends in 2023 help increase efficiency, reduce cost, grow customer satisfaction
Many organisations see Artificial Intelligence as the solution to a lot of uncertainty like economic uncertainty, labour shortages, supply chain challenges, etc, bringing improved efficiency, differentiation, automation, and cost savings to airports, stores, and hospitals, among other places, which is why Edge AI trends have been accelerated.
Edge AI is AI that operates locally rather than in the cloud. Because of lightweight models and lower-cost high-performance GPUs, its implementation will become more accessible and less expensive in 2023. Edge AI enables the powering of scalable, mission-critical, and private AI applications. Because Edge AI is a new technology, many Edge AI applications are expected in the near future such as AI healthcare, Smart AI vision, Smart energy, and intelligent transportation system. According to Markets and Markets Research, the global Edge AI software market will grow from $590 million in 2023 to $1.83 trillion by 2026. Let’s take a look at the top 10 Edge AI Trends in 2023:
Focus on AI use cases with High ROI
Machine learning with Automation
Edge AI in Safety
AI functional safety is related to the trend of human-machine collaboration. More companies are looking to use AI to add proactive and flexible safety measures to industrial environments, as seen in autonomous vehicles. The functional safety has been used in industrial settings in a binary fashion, with the primary role of the safety function being to immediately stop the equipment from causing any harm or damage when an event is triggered.
AI in Cybersecurity
The increasing use of AI in security operations is the next logical step in the evolution of automated defences against cyber threats. The use of artificial intelligence (AI) in cybersecurity extends beyond the capabilities of its forerunner, automation, and includes tasks like the routine storage and safeguarding of sensitive data.
Edge AI picks up momentum
AI was once considered experimental, but according to IBM research, 35% of companies today report using AI in their business, with an additional 42% exploring AI. Edge AI use cases can help improve efficiency and lower costs, making them an appealing place to direct new investments. Supermarkets and big box stores, for example, are investing heavily in AI at self-checkout machines to reduce loss due to theft and human error.
Extensive use of AI in Process Discovery
Increased growth of AI on 5G
Edge AI along with new data processing and automation capabilities, supports a diverse ecosystem of evolving networks in ways that cloud-based solutions cannot. Furthermore, self-driving cars, virtual reality, and any other use case that requires real-time alerts require Edge AI and 5G for the fast processing it promises. As a result, 5G is promoting the Edge.
IoT growth driving Edge AI
Due to the limited data storage and computational power of these resource-constrained devices, performing deep learning in low-power IoT devices has always been difficult. Edge AI models are now cost-effective enough to operate at the edge, allowing devices to complete their own data processing and generate insights without relying on cloud-based AI.
Connecting Digital Twins to the Edge
The term “digital twin” refers to physically accurate virtual representations of real-world assets, processes, or environments that are perfectly synchronized. The explosion of IoT sensors and data that is driving both of these trends is what connects digital twins to the physical world and edge computing.
Creating Art with NFTs
In today’s digital age, artificial intelligence (AI) has revolutionized various aspects of our lives, including productivity tools. Notion AI and ChatGPT are two prominent AI-powered tools that aim to enhance productivity for businesses, students, and professionals. While both tools share some similarities, they also have distinct differences that set them apart. This article will delve into the key similarities and differences between Notion AI and ChatGPT, shedding light on their respective features, use cases, and more.
See More : CrushOn AI vs. Character AI: Exploring the Differences
Both Notion AI and ChatGPT leverage the power of AI to enhance workflow and productivity. These tools are designed to assist users in organizing their tasks, improving efficiency, and streamlining their work processes.
Both tools can be effectively utilized in customer service and educational contexts. They can assist in automating customer interactions, providing instant responses, and offering educational content to users.
Notion AI boasts a versatile range of use cases compared to ChatGPT. While ChatGPT is primarily employed for customer service, education, and research purposes, Notion AI extends its capabilities to encompass tasks such as organizing work, creating documents, and collaborating with others.
The training data sets used by Notion AI and ChatGPT differ in scale and scope. Notion AI is trained on an extensive dataset comprising text and code, enabling it to generate highly accurate and informative text. In contrast, ChatGPT is trained on a comparatively smaller dataset of text.
As of now, ChatGPT is available for free usage, providing accessibility to a wider user base. On the other hand, Notion AI requires a subscription, making it a premium tool that offers additional features and functionalities.
Notion AI and ChatGPT differ slightly in terms of stability. While both tools are generally reliable, users may find variations in performance and results due to the complexities of AI algorithms.
Notion AI offers a high level of customization, allowing users to tailor the tool according to their specific requirements. In contrast, ChatGPT has limited customization options, providing a more standardized experience.
Also Read : ChatGPT vs. Chad GPT: Avoiding the Common Typo that Unleashes Chad into the AI World
ChatGPT is often considered more user-friendly, with a simpler interface and intuitive interactions. Notion AI, on the other hand, may have a steeper learning curve due to its extensive range of features and functionalities.
In conclusion, ChatGPT and Notion AI are powerful AI-driven tools that cater to distinct needs. ChatGPT excels in generating text and answering queries, making it a versatile solution for a wide range of applications. On the other hand, Notion AI offers a streamlined experience for organizing work, creating documents, and collaborating with others. Ultimately, the choice between these two tools depends on the specific requirements and preferences of the user.
As technology continues to evolve, we can expect even more sophisticated AI tools that will redefine the way we work and interact with digital assistants. The potential for AI-powered solutions is vast, and Notion AI and ChatGPT are just the beginning of what is yet to come.
Q: Is Notion AI suitable for personal use, or is it mainly for businesses?
A: Notion AI caters to both personal and business users. It offers a versatile set of features that can be beneficial for individuals, teams, and organizations.
Q: Can ChatGPT generate code snippets or assist in programming tasks?
A: ChatGPT can generate code snippets and provide basic programming assistance. However, its capabilities in this area are more limited compared to Notion AI, which is trained on a larger dataset of text and code.
Q: Are there any additional costs associated with using Notion AI?
A: Yes, Notion AI requires a subscription for full access to its features. The subscription fee varies based on the chosen plan.
Q: Can Notion AI and ChatGPT be integrated with other applications and platforms?
A: Both tools offer integrations with various applications and platforms, allowing users to enhance their workflows and leverage the power of AI in conjunction with other tools.
Q: How often are Notion AI and ChatGPT updated with new features and improvements?
A: Notion AI and ChatGPT are continuously updated by their respective developers to introduce new features, enhancements, and bug fixes. Users can expect regular updates to improve the overall user experience.
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