Trending February 2024 # Enterprise Architecture Is Dead — Long Live Enterprise Architecture # Suggested March 2024 # Top 2 Popular

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A recent column by Chris Pickering suggested that Enterprise Architecture (EA) be allowed to rest in peace — or die as a concept or approach. His premise is that it either is no longer, or possibly never was, a valid approach to anything.

While many an EA effort failed to provide expected value, this is the case of most transformation approaches when they were applied improperly — including business process reengineering and “big bang” ERP.

Clearly Mr. Pickering brings a valuable perspective to us with his experiences of EA — and he is correct that all change initiatives must provide near-term value to be sustainable. This is one of the reasons why Six Sigma is popular; it provides rapid and quantitative value.

Many, however, fail to understand EA. To understand EA, one must understand the roots of EA — IBM’s Business Systems Planning methodology (BSP), the precursor to most IT strategic planning approaches.

After the publishing of BSP, John Zachman produced a paper in the IBM Systems Journal titled “A Framework for IT Architecture,” which included a 3-by-6 matrix of perspectives and interrogatories. This matrix was intended to describe the notion that different stakeholders within an organization care about different things even though they all work for the same organization, a notion now embodied in the IEEE 1471-2000 standard, which is gaining much acceptance in the IT community.

Zachman’s matrix, intentionally called a “Framework for IT Architecture,” was intended to graphically represent how many of the artifacts or models of BSP linked together to bring about alignment between strategic intent and operational reality. It was called a “Framework” because it was intended to be a frame of reference or a structure that pulls related parts into a whole.

Toward IT Anarchy

Recognizing that EA is a component of BSP, to pronounce EA dead is to pronounce BSP dead, and BSP is the foundation for IT strategy and planning. Thus, to take Mr. Pickering’s argument to the extreme, we should let IT strategy and planning die, allowing IT anarchy within organizations in a world that is rapidly becoming more cost conscious, less secure, more regulated, and more connected.

Non sequitur? Not really. EA, by most interpretations, is a process of alignment between business and IT. It is a process of decomposing loose business strategies and requirements into meaningful operational design — of systems, of processes, of information, and of infrastructure. Often this EA manifests itself as sets of models and diagrams. If a picture is worth a thousand words, a model is worth a million! Unfortunately, within the English language most verbs can also be nouns, so EA, the process, is often confused with EA, the models.

BSP was developed in the ’70s to provide a mechanism to ensure that when an organization invested in IT, it invested optimally and in support of its strategy. BSP also helped to ensure that processes were fixed before they were automated. We all know that when bad processes are automated, things just get worse at a faster pace.

Up until the early ’90s, EA planning was a viable approach in its initial instantiation. As software evolved, becoming commercially available in the late ’80s, it forced commoditization of hardware. The mantra changed from “nobody ever got fired for buying IBM” to “let the software drive the hardware decisions.”

This philosophical change also led to a change in the way in which EA planning should have been performed. Doing future-state 5th normal form E-R diagrams for the entire enterprise was no longer an appropriate EA planning technique. Why? As the software market began to mature in the ’90s, a rash of enterprise products emerged, all with their own data models. These included ERP, SCM and CRM. Those who abandoned EA planning altogether, however, were those feeling the pains of having multiple enterprise applications installed, replete with overlapping functional support and overlapping data sets.

Alas, while EA was no silver bullet, neither were the enterprise class of commercially available applications, particularly when installed devoid of sound planning and control. It is common to see organizations with multiple ERP systems. By having more than one ERP, doesn’t that fundamentally remove the “E” from ERP?

Our studies show, however, that those with governed enterprise architecture standards in place during this timeframe enjoyed a 30% reduction in end-user computing costs.

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Is Linux Kernel 2.6 Primed For The Enterprise?

Linux Kernel 2.6 has been in stable release for months now, which is like dog’s years in kernel time. Kernel releases are exciting times for Linux geeks, because it’s just plain fun to be able to replace the kernel on a system, or have several different kernels installed, and choose among them as the whim strikes. Oh yes, you want to gain improved performance and functionality, too.

Of course us sober, conscientious admins evaluate software upgrades in terms of necessity, not in terms of fun. Let’s take a look at what’s new and improved in 2.6.

2.6 rocks — how’s that for an executive summary? This kernel is improved in every way — for everything from PDAs and other wee embedded devices, to desktops and workstations, to high-demand servers. Improved multimedia, networking, journaling and distributed filesystems, RAID, LVM (Linux volume manager), more RAM, more users, more devices, and more speed in every way. While Linux has always had the broadest support for different hardware platforms, with this release it’s finally also a real honest-to-goodness enterprise operating system. Here are eight reasons why:

Both Red Hat and SuSE have had business-ready 64-bit distributions available since the middle of last year. These do not use the 2.6 kernel, but are highly customized 2.4.x kernels with pieces from 2.6. (The major Linux vendors will have full 2.6 kernel implementations available later this year.) When you put these packaged 2.6 implementations on an AMD Opteron system, which supports both 32- and 64-bit applications, you have yourself a kickbutt high-demand server or workstation. Fujitsu-Siemens, Sun, IBM, HP, and several other major vendors have jumped on the Opteron/Linux bus.

Itanium, Intel’s 64-bit x86 processor, has its strengths, but I favor the Opteron’s excellent native support for 32-bit applications. Itanium uses software emulation — the IA-32 execution layer — to run 32-bit programs.)

Earlier this week, Intel made a move to take on AMD head-on when it announced plans to release 64-bit extensions for its x86 processor family (Xeon and Pentium) by the end of the year. Xeon’s Nocona version will get the first crack at the extensions, which Intel commonly refers to as “CT,” or Clackamas Technology, beginning in the second quarter. The 64-bit Pentium extensions for “Prescott” P4s are expected to debut sometime midyear.

No, not Numa the lion, but Non-Uniform Memory Access. What this does is remove a major bottleneck in multi-processor systems, by creating more efficient memory usage. SMP (symmetric multi-processing) does OK up to 8-12 CPUs. The 2.6 kernel supports up to 64 CPUs, so NUMA support is a big plus. You can imagine the traffic jams from a batch of CPUs all fighting for access on a shared memory bus. NUMA acts like an air traffic controller at an insanely busy airport, keeping things moving and preventing collisions.

This is not your grampa’s kernel. 2.6 is fast, measuring as much as five times faster than the 2.4 kernel, for both Web servers and application servers. It’s also blazingly fast for both file servers (with Samba) and databases. Many tests and benchmarks have been done, see “Kernel comparison: Web serving on 2.4 and 2.6” in Resources.

The addressing space for unique users has gone to 32-bit, from 16-bit, so now you can support 4 billion unique users, instead of a measly 65,000.

Page 2: Hyper-Threading, or Fake CPUs

Driving Enterprise Digital Transformation: Mdm Is The Answer

The internet, information technology and smart devices tiptoed into diverse industries- from logistics to healthcare, education to finance, and have very quickly taken over the responsibility to completely rehaul the way these industries operated. The much-needed revamp of replacing conventional processes and methodologies has been in the making for almost a decade and IT had a LOT to do with it.

What started initially as a way to optimize cumbersome processes later became a norm of operation, especially as the world became more and more connected, and more and more digital devices took a prime space in day-to-day life.

A decade of digital devices

It goes without saying that modern businesses had already implemented digital transformation in the past decade. Early on in the 2010s, most paper-pen-based transactions were a thing of the past, and from payments to record-keeping, everything was already digitalized. The influx of smartphones at work and in our personal lives further drove the digital revolution in the workplace.

Employees checking work emails on the phone? Why not!

It worked out, and how! More and more businesses were prompted to bring in the digital ecosystem. Digitalisation and enterprise mobility existed but was not full-fledged. Certain processes and systems were still operating conventionally, although not with papers and punch cards but with desktops and physical boundaries.

However, several small and mid-size enterprises still heavily relied on data, device and network security implemented within a conventional ‘office space’. Barring the exception of logistics and last-mile delivery, most of the frontline workforce was yet to undergo a massive digital transformation.

The push of the pandemic

If there could be a singular catastrophic event that made the world realize the importance of a digital ecosystem (and a well-maintained one, at that) was the pandemic. When everything suddenly went fully remote, there was no option but to get ahead with the digital transformation that could sustain the ever-changing global rules, lockdowns and restrictions. For businesses to stay afloat, embracing technology that could help and boost remote operations was imperative.

According to a survey, only 6% of the employed worked primarily from home and about three-quarters of workers had never worked from home before the pandemic. These numbers changed to over one-third of the employed working from home by May 2023.

IT teams of organizations of any size could no longer physically provision devices, everything needed to be available on devices that were geographically distributed, security measures couldn’t be applied on devices operating within a particular network, moreso, employees could no longer be restricted to work from a particular device – it was a now or never situation and it was safe to say that digital transformation had fully arrived.

The concerns around digital transformation

Nonetheless, the encumbrances that prevented enterprises from going completely digital first were still present and had to be dealt with on an SOS basis. Ensuring data security, enabling a digital ecosystem to streamline access to corporate information and business resources and facilitating collaboration outside of corporate network boundaries was critical, and so was BYOD. There was no time to stop and have a change management team drive this, it had to be done now.

For enterprises with limited IT resources, this was a testing time. Moving to fully remote operations was not easy.

MDM to the rescue

 MDM has always been considered an essential part of digital transformation. Enterprises can effortlessly create custom usage policies, apply security measures, set compliances and attest to device and OS performance to maintain security, using an MDM. But the importance of MDM was highlighted when the IT teams had to operate remotely. Enterprises that did not invest in an MDM needed to do so, to support the demands of fully-remote operations.

With mobile device management, provisioning devices straight out-of-the-box was facilitated, enforcing VPN to access work apps could be streamlined, taking control of OS versions, identifying security vulnerabilities and applying patches was possible. Moreso, MDM enables organizations to eliminate the security risks associated with employees working remotely, and connecting to unknown, shared or public networks.

A survey suggests that 61% of Gen Y workers believe the tech tools they use in their personal lives are more effective and productive than those used in their work life. More than 60% use or want to use their personal device for work. To accommodate this critical need of enabling employees to work on the devices they love, organizations have to embrace MDM, no matter where they are in their digital transformation journey.

Closing lines

Mobile device management has quintessentially made remote working possible, and this kick-started the enterprise mobility journey for several organizations- big and small. Of course with the era of ‘remote everything’, there’s no looking back and there’s no question about whether or not to invest in an MDM solution, but only the question of how soon.


Architecture And Packages In Javafx Api With Examples

Introduction to JavaFX API

Web development, programming languages, Software testing & others

Architecture of JavaFX API

Below is the architecture of JavaFX API.

In the GUI application, a scene graph is considered as the starting point of its construction. It consists of all the application primitives known as a node. Prism in this architecture is a higher performance hardware-accelerated graphical pipeline which helps in rendering the JavaFX graphics. Here, both two dimensional and three-dimensional graphics can be rendered.

GWT offers services for managing surfaces, windows, timers and event queues. It connects the platform of JavaFX API and native OS. WebView is the JavaFX component that helps in processing the content using a technology known as Web Kit. It is an internal web browser engine which is open-source. This component provides several web technologies such as HTML5, DOM, JavaScript, CSS and SVG. The media engine in JavaFX is based on an engine called a streamer which is open-source. This engine supports the both the video playback and audio content.

Packages in JavaFX API

The important JavaFX API packages include:

javafx.animation: A set of classes will be provided that is for transition-related animations.

javafx.application: Application life-cycle classes of the package will be provided.

javafx.beans: Interfaces that explain the observability generic form is explained in this package.

javafx.beans.binding: Binding characteristics are explained in this package. Read-only and writable properties along with numerous implementations are provided in this package.

javafx.beans.value: ObservableValue interface and WritableValue interface, along with all the sub-interfaces, are provided in this package.

javafx.collections: All the JavaFX collections and their utilities are available in this package.

javafx.concurrent: A set of classes will be provided for the javafx.task.

javafx.css: An API that makes the properties stylable with the help of CSS and supports pseudo-class state is provided in this package.

javafx.embed.swing: A set of classes that helps in using JavaFX within the swing applications is provided.

javafx.embed.swt: A set of classes that helps in using JavaFX within the SWT applications is provided.

javafx.event: A basic framework is provided for the FX events, their delivery as well as handling.

javafx.fxml: In order to load a hierarchy of object from markup, this package contains all the classes.

javafx.geometry: This package consists of 2D classes set that define as well as perform operations on objects that relate to 2-D geometry.

javafx.print: This package offers the JavaFX printing API public classes.

javafx.scene: This package contains the base classes’ core set for the scene graph API in JavaFX.

javafx.scene.canvas: This package offers a class set for canvas which is a rendering API’s immediate mode style.

javafx.scene.chart: This offers several chart components, which is very useful for data visualization.

javafx.scene.control: User interface controls in JavaFX are the specialized nodes which are available in the scene graph of JavaFX. It is especially appropriate for reusing several application contexts.

javafx.scene.effect: This package offers different classes for the attachment of graphical filter effects to the nodes of the JavaFX scene graph.

Examples of JavaFX API

Given below are the examples of JavaFX API:

Example #1


import javafx.application.Application; import javafx.scene.Scene; import javafx.event.ActionEvent; import javafx.event.EventHandler; import javafx.scene.canvas.*; import javafx.scene.web.*; import javafx.scene.layout.*; import javafx.scene.image.*; import*; import javafx.geometry.*; import javafx.scene.Group; import javafx.scene.control.* ; import javafx.scene.layout.* ; import javafx.stage.Stage ; import javafx.scene.paint.*; import javafx.scene.shape.Circle; public class BackgroundClassProgram extends Application { public void start(Stage st) { st.setTitle("Sample creation of background. . .") ; Circle c = new Circle(); c.setCenterX(311.0f); c.setCenterY(126.0f); c.setRadius(112.0f); HBox hb = new HBox(c); hb.setSpacing(11); hb.setAlignment(Pos.CENTER); Scene sc = new Scene(hb, 290, 280) ; BackgroundFill bf = new BackgroundFill(Color.RED , CornerRadii.EMPTY , Insets.EMPTY) ; Background bg = new Background(bf); hb.setBackground(bg); st.setScene(sc);; } public static void main(String args[]) { launch(args); } }


For every program, we have to first import the necessary packages and classes. In this program also, all the necessary classes are imported. Then only the appropriate functions can be used for the display of background colours.

Example #2

JavaFX program that displays a timer with the help of API packages.

import java.util.Timer ; import java.util.TimerTask ; public class TimerProgramSample { public static void main(String[] args) { System.out.println("Timer starts now...") ; Timer tmr = new Timer() ; tmr.schedule(new TimerTask() { @Override public void run() { System.out.println("Timer starts. . . .") ; } }, 3000) ; Timer tt = new Timer() ; tt.scheduleAtFixedRate(new TimerTask() { @Override public void run() { System.out.println("Timer is working fine. . . .") ; } }, 0, 3000) ; } }



JavaFX is a library that is used for building GUI related applications. It offers an API in order to design GUI applications that run on nearly all devices that have the support of Java. In this article, different aspects of JavaFX API such as architecture, packages and examples are shown in detail.

Recommended Articles

This is a guide to JavaFX API. Here we discuss the introduction, architecture, packages and examples of JavaFX API, respectively. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –

Chromebook Enterprise Hp Pro C640

Les informations contenues dans le présent document peuvent faire l’objet de modifications sans préavis. Les seules garanties accordées quant aux produits et services HP sont celles énoncées dans les déclarations de garantie expresses fournies avec les produits et services en question. Aucun élément du présent document ne saurait être interprété comme constituant une garantie supplémentaire. HP décline toute responsabilité relative aux éventuelles erreurs ou omissions de nature technique ou rédactionnelle que pourrait contenir le présent document.

1. La technologie multicœur est conçue pour améliorer les performances de certains produits logiciels. Les clients ou applications logicielles ne bénéficieront pas nécessairement tous de cette technologie. Les performances et la fréquence d’horloge varient selon la charge de travail des applications ainsi que selon les configurations matérielle et logicielle. Le système de numérotation, de désignation de marque et/ou de dénomination d’Intel ne correspond pas à des performances plus élevées.

2. Fonctionnalité proposée en option qui doit être configurée au moment de l’achat.

4. Les tests HP Total Test Process ne garantissent pas les performances futures dans les mêmes conditions. Un pack HP Care avec protection contre les dommages accidentels (disponible en option) est nécessaire pour bénéficier d’une couverture contre les dommages accidentels.

6. Basé sur des tests internes de produits avec et sans réseau local sans fil HP Extended Range.

7. Recharge la batterie jusqu’à 90 % en moins de 90 minutes lorsque le système est hors tension ou en mode veille, s’il est utilisé avec l’adaptateur d’alimentation fourni avec l’ordinateur portable et qu’aucun autre appareil externe n’est connecté. Dès que le chargement a atteint une capacité de 90 %, la vitesse de charge revient à la vitesse normale. La durée de chargement peut varier de +/-10 % selon la tolérance du système.

8. Point d’accès sans fil et service Internet requis (vendus séparément). La disponibilité des points d’accès sans fil publics peut être limitée. Le Wi-Fi 6 est rétrocompatible avec les spécifications 802.11 antérieures. Les spécifications du Wi-Fi 6 (802.11ax) sont temporaires et non définitives. Si les spécifications définitives diffèrent de ces spécifications temporaires, la capacité de l’ordinateur portable à communiquer avec d’autres appareils 802.11ax peut s’en trouver affectée.

9. Vendue séparément ou en option.

10. Vendu séparément. Les niveaux de service et les temps de réponse proposés avec les HP Care Packs peuvent varier selon les régions. Le service prend effet à la date d’achat du matériel. Soumis à certaines restrictions et limitations. Pour plus de détails, consultez le site chúng tôi Les services HP sont régis par les conditions générales HP applicables ou indiquées au client au moment de l’achat. La législation locale en vigueur peut octroyer des droits statutaires supplémentaires au client. Ces droits ne sont en aucune façon affectés par les conditions générales de HP ni par la garantie limitée HP fournie avec le produit HP.

11. Accès Internet requis et vendu séparément. Certaines applications peuvent nécessiter un achat.

12. Jusqu’à 256 Go disponible en option, à configurer à l’achat. Pour les supports de stockage, 1 Go = 1 milliard d’octets. La capacité formatée réelle est inférieure. Jusqu’à 8,1 Go ne sont pas disponibles pour l’utilisateur.

13. Sur la base de l’analyse interne de HP de l’épaisseur mesurée au niveau de la charnière pour les Chromebook commercialisés en janvier 2024.

14. Le Wi-Fi® prenant en charge des vitesses de l’ordre du gigabit n’est disponible qu’avec le Wi-Fi 6 (802.11ax) lors du transfert de fichiers entre deux appareils connectés au même routeur. Nécessite un routeur sans fil vendu séparément et prenant en charge les canaux 160 MHz.

15. Nécessite un processeur Intel® CoreTM i5 ou i7, au moins 8 Go de RAM et 128 Go de stockage. Licence Parallels® Desktop d’un an. Renouvellement de la licence requis pour une utilisation après la période de licence d’un an. Chrome Enterprise Upgrade requis et non inclus. Licence Microsoft® Windows requise et non incluse.

17. Les fonctions graphiques Intel®️ Iris®️ Xᵉ nécessitent la configuration du système à l’aide des processeurs Intel®️ Core™️ i5 ou i7 et de la mémoire double canal. Les cartes graphiques Intel® Iris® Xᵉ avec les processeurs Intel® Core™ i5 ou 7 et la mémoire à canal unique fonctionnent uniquement comme des cartes graphiques UHD.

18. Sur la base de l’analyse interne de HP de l’épaisseur mesurée à la charnière pour les Chromebook de 14 pouces commercialisés avec Chrome Enterprise Upgrade préinstallé et soumis à des tests MIL-STD en mars 2024.

Google Details Enterprise Developer Push

SAN FRANCISCO — Google detailed its plans for enterprise developers and fleshed out its application strategy during the first day of its Google I/O conference.

A key part of that focused on App Engine for Business, a cloud-based, scalable developer environment hosted by Google (NASDAQ: GOOG). App Engine for Business is now available in a Preview Release that the company is encouraging enterprise customers to try, while the finished version is set for later this year.

In an on-stage demonstration during the morning keynote here at San Francisco’s Moscone Center, Google demonstrated how a developer could quickly create a cloud-based expense report application using less than 200 keystrokes. Google officials then showed how they could access and interact with the new application from both a mobile phone and an Apple iPad, though response time was slowed by subpar network performance in the packed hall. Google said over 5,000 developers are attending the sold-out I/O conference.

Matthew Glotzbach, director of enterprise products at Google, said the economies of scale Google has achieved among its many data centers enabled it to offer an aggressive pricing model for App Engine for Business, which starts at $8 per user and application/per month with a $1,000 cap per application regardless of the number of users.

“Our goal with the pricing wasn’t to be disruptive, but to offer enterprise customers a level of certainty and simplicity as to what their costs are going to be, which they don’t really have now,” Glotzbach told chúng tôi “Some smaller companies, working with a smaller number of users, might look at this and decide they can do better on price with [Amazon’s] EC2.”

Meanwhile, Google’s new partnership with VMware(NYSE: VMW) brings Google both technical expertise and credibility with enterprise customers who have helped make its new partner the leader in virtualization software. VMware also owns the Java Spring developer software.

“There isn’t a developer in the enterprise space that doesn’t know what Java Spring is,” Vic Gundotra, Google’s vice president of engineering, said in a press panel following the keynotes. “Our approach is to work with market leaders.” He also emphasized that Google was working with VMware in “a deep technical partnership with real engineering collaboration.”

Google and VMware are combining their respective tools, the SpringSource Tool Suite and Google’s Web Toolkit, to help developers build and deploy applications to Google App Engine for Business and other cloud platforms from VMware as well as other cloud infrastructures such as Amazon’s (NASDAQ: AMZN) EC2. The two partners also said they recognize that many companies have applications they’re not ready to deploy to the cloud, so the development system lets them also deploy on-premises.

Will HTML5 fragment?

While Google and VMware officials repeatedly touted the benefits of the open standards approach, Gartneranalyst Ken Dulaney questioned whether customers should be concerned that standards like HTML5 — which are key to the App Engine strategy — might fragment as Java has, causing incompatibilities.

Gundotra conceded there have been Java compatibility issues in mobile and in the past Unix suffered from the same issue with applications not able to run on different Unix systems. But he said the Web makes these concerns almost moot.

He said it was “pretty shocking” to see how quickly the major browser vendors have moved to make sure they’re compatible with HTML5.

“There’s a deep desire, the carrot, to get their browser adopted,” he said.

David Needle is the West Coast bureau chief at chúng tôi the news service of chúng tôi the network for technology professionals.

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