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Despite incremental progress over the last few years, most creative industries are still controlled by white men. And for one reason or another, the artists that these gatekeepers choose to promote also tend to be white men. This has created a cycle of inequality, one which largely excludes women, people of color, and members of other underrepresented communities. In fact, in museums in the United States, 85 percent of the artists who are featured are white and 87 percent are men, according to research published in PLoS One.

However, Web3 technologies are helping individuals break that cycle, shifting the paradigm away from centralized gatekeepers. 

More transparent and inclusive economic models

Instead of relying on a publisher, producer, auction house, or other third-party authority for promotion, creators can use non-fungible tokens (NFTs) and blockchain technologies to sell their work independently. This enables artists to bypass gatekeepers and tap directly into their existing audiences, all while retaining their intellectual property (IP) rights and creative control. Additionally, thanks to the features embedded in smart contracts, creatives can receive a secondary royalty each time their work switches hands in the open marketplace.

In this respect, NFTs are finally doing away with the starving artist stereotype. For the first time in history, creatives of all backgrounds are beginning to have the opportunity to really make a living off their work. As Farah Allen, Founder of The Labz, stated in an interview with nft now, “Creativity has always been a valuable asset within diverse communities, but the monetization of creativity was limited to standard system chain models. NFT and Blockchain technology provides creators with a new, powerful, and potentially life-changing monetization model.”

In addition to creating new opportunities for monetization, NFTs also positively impact wealth distribution. In fact, Simone explains that NFTs are already being used to redistribute wealth to underrepresented individuals and communities. “There are many projects that contribute a portion of their primary sales and royalties to entities that represent their identities and values. This approach to charity enhances the distribution of wealth and thereby diversity, equity, and inclusion,” she said. 

By enabling anyone to invest in and sell fine art and collectibles, NFTs also democratize investment in wealth-generating asset classes that underrepresented groups previously had difficulty accessing. And we’re not done yet…

Empowering communities

When it comes to creativity and communities, NFTs have served as catalysts for expression and education around various cultures and movements. 

Despite its digital roots, few things are more important to members of the NFT ecosystem than the real sense of connection it provides, especially for underrepresented communities. Over the last few years, during times of isolation, civil turmoil, and social injustice, NFTs have often provided a strong sense of community for those who felt lost without one. They have helped uplift those in need and shine light on those who are often excluded. 

What’s more, mission-based collections uplifting all races, religions, and genders have been introduced to the world thanks to NFTs. Perhaps none is more notable than World of Women. It’s a collection of 10,000 diverse and powerful NFTs featuring women. Its goal is to celebrate representation, inclusivity, and equal opportunities for all. A historic project in the space, World of Women recently signed a deal with Reese Witherspoon’s Hello Sunshine to expand into movies, TV, and educational events. 

But that’s not to say that there isn’t progress to be made. Far from it. But the NFT community still has work to do. 

The work we still need

Despite more underrepresented communities being heard, the Web3 space is still dominated by white males. To truly make Web3 as inclusive as it needs to be, there’s a lot of work to be done by all parties. Simone articulates the problem clearly, noting that, when it comes to NFTs and Web3 “broad outreach, engagement, and education are all needed to encourage mass adoption in historically underserved and underrepresented communities.”

Ultimately, Simone created NFT Atlanta Con to try and solve this problem. With the event, she hopes to close some of the gaps and bring additional attention to important topics regarding diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI). “The reason we launched NFT Atlanta Con is to initiate a much-needed dialogue that DEI is intrinsic to the success of Web3” she said. Simone continued by outlining exactly how the event will help solve the issues that still persist, saying,  “We needed to spotlight visionaries, entrepreneurs, SMEs, thought leaders, and creators that are diverse. We decided not to wait for an invitation, but to host our own party and extend invitations. We are far past the time to be othered, we are here to introduce the multifaceted prism of DEI in Web3.”  

Credit: NFT Atlanta Con

NFT Atlanta Con is Georgia’s first-ever NFT conference, bringing together blockchain developers, gamers, artists, investors, companies, and fans to exchange ideas and further the adoption of Web3. The event will take place May 24 – 26, 2023. The inaugural event features a world-class panel of over 50 speakers. Through workshops, pitch competitions, and creative installations that include NFTs and other immersive art, creators are able to spread their art far and wide to brand new audiences. 

To see the full speaker lineup, head over to the official NFT Atlanta Con Website, and you can get a discount on tickets here.

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Nfts Basics: Examples, Uses, And Benefits

What are NFTs?

NFTs (Non-Fungible Tokens) are a type of cryptographic asset that represent unique units of value. They are unlike other tokens such as Bitcoin and Ethereum which are fungible, meaning that each unit is interchangeable with another. This makes them perfect for representing digital assets like collectibles, game items, or real estate. Nowadays there are many online platforms that are helping their users to gain

nft profit


NFTs can be stored on blockchain platforms like Ethereum and used to transfer ownership between users. They can also be used to represent rights and permissions within decentralized applications. For example, an NFT might be used to represent the voting power of a user in a Decentralized Autonomous Organization (DAO).

How do NFTs work?

NFTs are created by issuing a unique cryptographic key to represent the asset. This key is used to control the ownership of the NFT and can be transferred between users. The NFTs are stored on a blockchain platform where they are tracked and verified by the network.

What are some examples of NFTs?

Some examples of NFTs include digital collectibles like CryptoKitties, game items like swords and armor in games like Blockchain Cuties, and real estate like property on the Ethereum blockchain.

How can I use NFTs?

There are many ways to use NFTs. Some common applications include:

-Transferring ownership of digital assets between users.

-Representing rights and permissions within decentralized applications.

-Tracking the provenance of

digital assets


-Creating digital collectibles.

-Building online marketplaces for NFTs.

What are the benefits of NFTs?

The benefits of NFTs include:

-Security: NFTs are stored on a blockchain platform where they are tracked and verified by the network. This makes them secure and difficult to forge.

-Transparency: The ownership of an NFT is transparent and can be verified by anyone on the blockchain.

-Fungibility: Unlike other tokens such as Bitcoin and Ethereum, NFTs are not fungible meaning that each unit is unique. This makes them perfect for representing digital assets like collectibles, game items, or real estate.

-Portability: NFTs can be transferred between users easily and quickly. This makes them ideal for use in digital applications.

-Decentralization: NFTs are decentralized and not controlled by any central authority. This makes them secure.

How to Invest in NFTs?

When it comes to investing in NFTs, there are a few things that you need to take into account. Firstly, you need to decide what kind of NFTs you want to invest in. There is a range of different options available, from digital collectibles to tokens that represent real-world assets.

Once you’ve decided on the type of NFTs you want to invest in, you need to think about how you’re going to store them. Each type of NFT has its own storage requirements, so make sure you research this before investing.

Finally, you need to think about how you’re going to trade your NFTs. There are a number of different platforms available, so you need to find one that suits your needs.

With these things in mind, investing in NFTs can be a great way to diversify your portfolio and increase your chances of generating returns. So, if you’re thinking about investing in NFTs, make sure you follow these tips!

Risks Involved in NFTs Investment

It is important for investors to be aware of the risks involved in investing in NFTs. One of the main risks is that the value of NFTs can be impacted by a variety of factors, including regulatory changes, technology changes, or simply because the market for NFTs grows or shrinks.

Additionally, there is always a risk that an investor could lose their entire investment if the holder of an NFT decides to sell it. This could occur if the holder is not able to find a buyer at a price they are willing to accept, or if the holder becomes subject to a


that results in the theft of their tokens.

Finally, investors should be aware that there is also risk associated with holding and trading NFTs on exchanges, as these exchanges may be hacked or experience other technical issues that could result in the loss of funds. As with any type of investment, it is important for investors to do their own research and understand the risks before deciding to invest in NFTs.


There are a number of risks involved in investing in NFTs, including the risk that the value of NFTs could be impacted by a variety of factors, the risk that an investor could lose their entire investment, and the risk associated with holding and trading NFTs on exchanges. Investors should do their own research to understand these risks before deciding to invest in NFTs.

What Is Snapscore On Snapchat And How To Increase It

Even if you’ve been on Snapchat for a while, you may not know all of its secrets. For instance, do you know that you have your very own Snapscore? This tutorial explains what a Snapchat score is, what it is good for and what you can do to increase it.

What Is Snapscore?

While the “few other factors” part is a bit vague, it’s safe to assume that the more active you are at interacting with other users on the platform, the higher your score will be. The Snapscore on Snapchat is a concept that’s similar to Reddit’s Karma. It’s a way to gauge your level of engagement on the platform.

Image source: Unsplash

What Can You Do With Your Snapscore?

You may be wondering why you should care about your Snapscore. Maybe it unlocks new options or gives you access to free goodies? Unfortunately, that’s not the case. Having a high Snapscore doesn’t translate into any bonuses. It has zero impact on you and your activities on the app.

The feature has been implemented just “for fun” to allow users to “compete” against each other. You could unlock Trophies via the Trophy Case once you reach a certain Snapscore in the past, but that feature has been discontinued. Instead, Snapchat has replaced it with “Charms”: its brand new spin on the Trophies idea. These Charms are awarded based on your interactions with your friends and are personalized.

Image source: Rawpixel

Unfortunately, your Snapscore won’t unlock new Charms as Trophies did. Instead, you have to interact with your friends constantly to expand your Charm collection. Your Snapscore isn’t here to bring you any kind of satisfaction other than knowing that you’re one of Snapchat’s most active users.

How to View Your Snapscore

If you’re curious to know what your exact Snapscore is, follow these steps to find out.

Notice the number underneath your username and Snapchat code. It’s sitting next to a tiny white ghost-like icon. That’s your Snapchat score.

Tapping the icon tells you that your Snapscore increases with each Snap you send and receive. It also lists how many Snaps you’ve sent and received.

How to View Other People’s Snapscore

Now that you know how to view your own Snapscore, you may want to see how you compare to others on the social app. This is how you can view another person’s score.

Tap on your avatar in the upper-left corner of the Snapchat app to go to your profile page.

Locate the “Friends” section and tap on “My Friends” to view a list of all your friends in the app.

Tap on a friend’s avatar image, NOT on their name, to be taken to their profile.

You can see their Snapscore underneath their profile picture.

Alternatively, tap the “Chat” button at the bottom to reveal a list of all your direct messages to others, then tap on your friend’s avatar image to go to their profile again.

Note: you can only see the Snapscores of the people you’ve added to your Snapchat friend list. Of course, if your friend request hasn’t been accepted yet, you won’t get a glimpse of their Snapscore.

Tips to Help Increase Your Snapscore

If you’re eager to show your friends your passion for Snapchat, we have a list of tips that could help you increase your Snapscore quickly. These methods haven’t been officially confirmed by Snapchat, except for the first, and are based on careful observation and experimentation. They’re worth trying.

Send and receive Snaps: Snapchat tells users to send as many Snaps (photos and videos alike) as possible to boost their Snapscore. A word of caution, though – sending the same Snap over and over again won’t win you extra points. Instead, you need to send unique content.

Share and view many Stories: Snapchat rewards you for sharing Stories. You could make a habit of creating a few Stories every day to notice a steady increase in your score.

Keep up the “Streak”: a streak refers to the number of days in a row that you managed to send Snaps to a specific friend. To avoid breaking a streak, you need to ensure a steady flow of content every 24 hours. Of course, this is a two-way street, so if your friend forgets to snap you and 24 hours elapse, you have to kiss your streak goodbye and start all over again. Snapchat will add an hourglass emoji beside your friend’s name in Chat to notify you to send a new snap soon.

Add many new friends: on Snapchat, you get rewarded for adding as many new friends as possible. Of course, forming such a habit may come with some consequences, especially when it comes to your privacy on Snapchat. Still, if you’re after a big Snapscore, then that probably won’t stop you from expanding your circle of friends on the app.

Watch videos in “Discover”: check the Snapchat “Discover” section to start viewing TikTok-like videos for additional points on your Snapscore.

Frequently Asked Questions Can my Snapscore decrease?

No. Once your Snapscore has climbed to a certain level, it won’t go down anymore. Nothing you do will reverse your growth. Even if you take a break from the app, you’ll find the score is the same when you return. Some users have complained about experiencing sudden drops in their Snapscore, but this can most likely be attributed to a glitch or a bug.

I’ve spent a lot of time on the app, but my Snapscore isn’t going up. What can I do?

If you’ve been using Snapchat quite often lately, but your Snapscore is still the same, you might not be performing activities that get you points. For example, simply chatting with someone will not increase your Snapscore. Instead, you need to send each other snaps.

On the other hand, you might have to wait a few seconds/minutes until your score is updated. Perhaps exit the app and focus on something else for a while, then come back and check your score. If it still hasn’t been updated, it might be due to an error that may or may not get resolved later. Either way, given that your Snapscore doesn’t play a vital role in your overall Snapchat experience, you can afford to wait a little bit.

Can I raise my Snapscore using a third-party service?

You can only increase your Snapscore organically by being as active as possible on Snapchat. Websites and apps that claim to increase your Snapscore overnight are probably a scam, and you should stay away from them. Otherwise, you risk wasting unnecessary resources and time.

All screenshots by Alexandra Arici

Alexandra Arici

Alexandra is passionate about mobile tech and can be often found fiddling with a smartphone from some obscure company. She kick-started her career in tech journalism in 2013, after working a few years as a middle-school teacher. Constantly driven by curiosity, Alexandra likes to know how things work and to share that knowledge with everyone.

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Explain Handler Method In Es6

ES6 is referred to as ECMAScript 6. ES6 is the sixth version of ECMAScript, which was released in 2023 and is sometimes known as ECMAScript 2023. ECMAScript was developed to standardize JavaScript. Further in this article, we are going to discuss Handler Methods in ES6 in detail.

Introduction to ES6

As we Know ES6 (ECMAScript 6) is introduced for the standardization of JavaScript. It is a programming language and in ES6 we don’t have to need to write a number of lines of code or we can say we have to write less and accomplish more. JavaScript follows the ES6 standard, which outlines all the requirements, specifics, and rules that must be included in a JavaScript implementation.

ES6 has several wonderful new features like Modules, template strings, class destruction, arrow functions, etc.

Handler Methods in ES6

In the above we have discussed the ES6, now we are going to discuss the Handler. Handler is an object and its properties are to function. Here function defines the behaviour of the proxy’s actions when a task is executed on it.

In practically every way, an empty handler will provide a proxy that behaves precisely like the destination. You can alter some parts of the behaviour of the proxy by defining any one of a predefined group of functions on the handler object. For instance, by specifying get(), you can offer a customized property accessor for the target.

Syntax of Handler

We have seen the basics of the handler methods of ES6, now let’s move to the syntax of the handler method −

new Proxy(target, handler)

Here we are using Proxy Constructor() which is used to create a proxy object and take two parameters i.e. Target and Handler. Here Target defines as the object that Proxy will wrap. Any kind of object, such as a native array, a function, or even another proxy, can be the object. And Handler is defined as the object whose properties are operations that specify how the proxy will act in response to a request.

Different types of Handler methods In ES6

There are many handler methods in ES6 (ECMAScript 6). Now we will be going to discuss some of them. Handler Methods are frequently referred to as traps because handler methods block calls to the underlying target object.


Through a proxy, the result of a function call is nothing else just the value returned by this method which is why this function is also known as the trap for the function call.

The syntax of this function is −

const cur = new Proxy(target_object, { apply: function(target_ojbect, thisArg, list_of_arguments){ … } });

Here target_object is the parameter that holds the target object, thisArg is used to call, and the list_of_arguments is the list of the arguments.


The syntax of this function is −

const cur = new Proxy(target_object, { apply: function(target_ojbect, thisArg, list_of_arguments){ … } });

Here target_object is the parameter that holds the target object, thisArg is used to call, and the list_of_arguments is the list of the arguments.


The syntax of this function is −

const cur = new Proxy(target_object, { construct: function(target_ojbect, list_of_arguments, newTarget){ … } }); handler.defineProperty()

The syntax of this function is −

const cur = new Proxy(target_object, { defineProperty: function(target_ojbect, property, newTarget){ … } }); handler.deleteProperty()

The syntax of this function is −

const cur = new Proxy(target_object, { deleteProperty: function(target_ojbect, property){ … } }); handler.get()

The syntax of this function is −

const cur = new Proxy(target_object, { get: function(target_ojbect, property, getter){ … } }); handler.getOwnPropertyDescriptor()

The syntax of this function is −

const cur = new Proxy(target_object, { getOwnPropertyDescriptor: function(target_ojbect, property){ … } }); handler.getPrototypeOf()

The syntax of this function is −

const cur = new Proxy(target_object, { getPrototypeOf: function(target_ojbect){ … } }); handler.has()

The syntax of this function is −

const cur = new Proxy(target_object, { has: function(target_ojbect, property){ … } }); handler.isExtensible()

The syntax of this function is −

const cur = new Proxy(target_object, { isExtensible: function(target_ojbect){ … } }); handler.ownKeys()

The syntax of this function is −

const cur = new Proxy(target_object, { ownKeys: function(target_ojbect){ … } }); handler.preventExtensions()

The syntax of this function is −

const cur = new Proxy(target_object, { preventExtensions: function(target_ojbect){ … } }); handler.set()

The syntax of this function is −

const cur = new Proxy(target_object, { set: function(target_ojbect, prop, value, getter){ … } }); handler.setPrototypeOf()

The syntax of this function is −

const cur = new Proxy(target_object, { setPrototypeOf: function(target_ojbect, prot){ … } });


const cur = new Proxy(target_object, { setPrototypeOf: function(target_ojbect, prot){ …

In the above, we have seen different types of handler methods in ES6. Now let’s see an example of the handler in ES6 so that we can have a better understanding handler in ES6.

Here we are going to define the target and handler functions. The target function has two properties integer and string. The handler function that allows additional accesses to the target while returning a different value for num.

const target = { string: "This is the string", num: 567 }; const handler = { get: function (target, prop, receiver) { if (prop === "string") { return "This is the string"; } return Reflect.get(...arguments); } }; const obj = new Proxy(target, handler); console.log(obj.string); console.log(obj.num);

In the above code, first we have defined the object target which will contain the string and a number. Then we have defined another object handler that will contain the handler event get and a function. After the handler object we have defined the object that will contain the object of the Proxy and tried to print the values contained in the object that is string and number.


In this article we have learned ES6 (ECMAScript 6) is introduced for the standardization of JavaScript. It is a programming language and in ES6 we don’t have to need to write a number of lines of code or we can say we have to write less and accomplish more. Handler Methods are frequently referred to as traps because handler methods block calls to the underlying target object.

What Is Anchor Text Diversity? And Why You Should Use It

Do you want your website to rank high in the search engine results pages (SERPs)? Search engine optimization (SEO) is a great way to do that, but if you really want to boost your SEO efforts and take them up a notch, consider using anchor text diversity. Anchor text diversity involves the deliberate use of different words or phrases when linking back to a particular page within your own website – but why should you bother? In this blog post, I’ll explain what exactly anchor text diversity is, how it works and how it can help with SEO ranking. So if you’re curious to learn more and maximize your site’s visibility on SERPs, stay tuned!

What is Anchor Text Diversity? Why is Anchor Text Diversity Important?

Diversity in anchor text is vital since it aids search engines in comprehending a webpage’s content and relationships with other websites. The anchor text of links pointing to a website can be used by search engines to deduce information about the page when they crawl it. Search engines may be alerted and may consider it to be manipulative or spammy if every anchor text leading to a webpage is the same.

This problem can be avoided by using a variety of anchor text, which tells search engines that the page is being linked to naturally. This enhances the credibility and authority of the website, which may eventually result in higher results in SERPs.

How to Use Anchor Text Diversity

Understanding the various types of anchor text and how to use them is crucial for making successful use of anchor text diversity.

Exact match anchor text − The keyword or phrase you wish to rank for must exactly match the anchor text. It can be beneficial to help with ranking for a specific keyword, but it must be used sparingly and naturally. Use exact match anchor text for no more than 5% of your entire anchor text, as a decent rule of thumb.

Partial match anchor text − A variation of the phrase or word you want to rank for is partial match anchor text. Use partial match anchor text, such as “top coffee shops” or “excellent coffee locations,” for instance, if you wish to rank for “best coffee businesses.” This kind of anchor text can help you prevent over-optimization and diversify your profile of anchor text.

Branded anchor text − A brand name or website’s name is part of branded anchor text, a kind of generic anchor text. For instance, “Shop at Amazon” or “Visit Starbucks.” Establishing brand awareness and authority through the use of branded anchor text is possible.

Keep your anchor text natural and avoid over-optimization when utilizing it. This involves avoiding using the same anchor text repeatedly and using a wide variety of anchor text. Also, it’s critical to put the user’s needs first and make sure the anchor text is relevant to the content it is linking to.

Key Factors to Remember

To aid search engines in understanding a webpage’s content and its relationships to other web pages, it is essential to use anchor text that adds value to the user and is relevant to the content it is linked to. To avoid over-optimization, using a variety of anchor texts is crucial. Over-optimization occurs when a website uses an excessive number of exact match or partial match anchor texts to rank for a specific keyword or phrase. This can lead to penalties by search engines, resulting in a drop in rankings or possibly removal from search results. Using different kinds of anchor text can prevent over-optimization and ensure that a website is recognized as a reliable and authoritative source of information.

Lastly, it is critical to constantly check and assess the anchor text profile to ensure it is diverse and natural. This involves monitoring the different types of anchor text being used and ensuring they are relevant to the content they are linking to. Routinely optimizing the anchor text profile can help search engines view the website as a reliable and authoritative source of information.


In conclusion, anchor text diversity is a powerful SEO strategy that can help you achieve higher rankings on search engines and build trust with your audience. By diversifying your anchor text, you can ensure that each link provides an appropriate amount of specificity and relevance to the content of the page being linked to. Additionally, using keyword-rich anchor text on links that lead to your own web pages helps increase visibility in searches related to those phrases. Anchor text diversity is an important consideration when optimizing your website for search engine rankings, as it can have a significant impact on the success of your overall SEO effort.

This strategy is not only beneficial for improving search engine rankings but also builds trust with readers by making sure that the content of each link is relevant and useful for them. With this in mind, make sure you are mindful of how you optimize your website’s content and use various forms of anchor text diversity to get the best possible results.

Bu Medical Campus Hosts Annual Health Equity Symposium

BU Medical Campus Hosts Annual Health Equity Symposium Researchers, clinicians discuss lowering barriers to care

Sir Michael Marmot, a University College London professor of epidemiology and director of its Institute of Health Equity, was the keynote speaker at the BU Medical Campus Annual Health Equity Symposium on April 10. “Why treat people and then send them back to the conditions that made them sick?” he asked. Photo by Jackie Ricciardi

In Baltimore’s Upton/Druid Heights neighborhood, half of the families have single parents, a third of the boys have a criminal record by age 17, and the median household income in 2010 was $17,000. The life expectancy is 63.

In Baltimore’s Roland Park neighborhood, 93 percent of the families have two parents, juvenile arrests are rare, and the median household income is $90,000. The life expectancy is 83.

Michael Marmot, a University College London professor of epidemiology and director of its Institute of Health Equity, offered these stark statistics at the BU Medical Campus Annual Health Equity Symposium, held April 10. In his keynote address, Marmot, a world expert on health equity, described driving through the Upton/Druid Heights neighborhood and seeing red slashes marking houses for demolition. “Can you imagine what it’s like to live in a neighborhood where every second house is condemned?” he asked. “Why treat people and then send them back to the conditions that made them sick?”

Health disparities—any difference in health outcomes between populations­—are a tough nut to crack. They involve myriad factors that lie outside the traditional healthcare system, such as housing, employment, racism, gun violence, immigration status, availability of food, and access to public transportation.

Hospitals, medical schools, and healthcare providers are starting to tackle these disparities, from many different angles. The half-day symposium was part of that effort, said event co-organizer Jenny Siegel, a School of Medicine assistant professor of medicine. The symposium gathered researchers from across the Medical Campus to network, find future collaborators, and learn about health equity efforts at BU and throughout the area.

“It’s a new time in healthcare,” said Thea James, a MED associate professor and Boston Medical Center associate chief medical officer and vice president of mission, speaking at the symposium. Healthcare providers need to go beyond treating emergencies over and over, said James—“those are just downstream consequences of what happened upstream.” They need to help dismantle the barriers that keep patients from thriving and shift focus “from charity to equity.”

Speakers, panel discussions, and a poster session captured both the breadth of the issue and the many programs attempting to address it. Researchers presented posters on topics that included improving hospital experiences for patients with autism, how doctors can address immigrants’ legal needs, and disparities in prenatal screening. Third-year medical student Anita Knopov (MED’19) presented data on racial residential segregation and firearm homicides. Her study noted that black people make up 59 percent of firearm homicide victims, but only 14 percent of the US population, and her work correlated these homicide rates to areas with high racial segregation. She said she decided to research the topic after seeing a preponderance of patients with gunshot wounds or scars. “The term ‘health disparities’ is a huge umbrella,” she said, “but the first right to health should be a right to live.”

The health effects of violence also came up during a patient perspective panel, where BMC patient Sarah Zene related leaving a violent husband decades ago. “I never knew there was help for battered women until I went to my doctor and she told me about it,” said Zene. “I think if I didn’t ask for the help, I would be dead by now.”

Zene’s story offered some prescriptions for overcoming health disparities with a holistic array of treatments. After a doctor helped her escape a bad relationship, a violent neighborhood, and a drug addiction, she said, her healthcare team at BMC turned to treating her diabetes and high blood pressure. The hospital staff tackled her health conditions not only with medication, but also with acupuncture and Zumba, and by providing her with fresh food and teaching her how to cook with fewer carbs. “My diabetes was out of control, and now it’s under control,” she said. “It’s what you eat!”

In his keynote address, Marmot said he was heartened by his visit to BU, and he noted a growing interest in the social determinants in health throughout the world. He said colleagues often complain that Americans aren’t interested in solving these problems, but he disagrees. “There is a great deal of activity in the United States, it’s just not at the federal and state government level. Seeing places like this is hugely encouraging.”

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