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Understanding HTML code and how to work with it can go a long way. You can use it in your everyday work, like creating HTML signatures to make your email communication more professional. Another unusual but handy way to use HTML is for saving web pages to Word documents. 

However, it can all be a little confusing if you’ve never worked with an HTML file before. Let’s start at the beginning by learning what those files are, as well as how to open and view an HTML file in Chrome.

Table of Contents

What’s An HTML File?

HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language and is a web-based scripting language. Its main purpose is to create and structure web pages. Files with the HTML (or HTM) extension only contain text and references to other files, like images or video.

There are many different programs that you can use to make and edit an HTML file. However, you can use any simple text editor to open and read it as text. When you want to see what the web page looks like, you need to run this HTML file using a web browser. 

Google Chrome recognizes HTML, and you can use it to open any file with an “.html” extension. 

How To Open An HTML File In Chrome  Use The Open With Command

    In order to make sure you opened the right HTML file, check the address bar in Chrome when it brings up the page. It should match the location of your file on your computer. 

    Open HTML File From Within Chrome

    If you’re already running your browser, you can open an HTML file in Chrome without having to locate it on your computer first.

    You can also use a keyboard shortcut to open a file in Chrome. Open a new tab in Chrome, then press Ctrl (Windows) or Cmd (Mac) + O. It will bring up the same Open File menu. Find your HTML file and open it. 

    If the shortcut didn’t work, it might be that your browser has a different set of hotkeys for this command. You can always check it in your browser settings. There are a lot of different features that you can use with the help keyboard shortcuts in Google Chrome. You can learn to switch between tabs, create Google Calendar events, and even switch Incognito Mode on and off quicker with the right shortcuts. 

    Drag & Drop Your File In Chrome

    You can also just drag and drop the HTML file right into a new tab. Chrome will then automatically open the page. 

    How To View Source HTML

    In case you need to do a little more than just view the page but also view the HTML source code, Chrome allows you to do that as well.

    If you’re looking to use a more interactive tool and want to see how the changes you make affect the web page straight away, you can use the developer tool in Chrome. 

    On the right side of your screen, go to the Elements tab to see the detailed source code of your web page. 

    How To Open An HTML File From Your Smartphone

    If you’re using your smartphone, you can also use different methods to open an HTML file in Chrome.

    Use The Open With Menu Open An HTML File From SD Storage

    Launch the Chrome browser on your phone and open a new tab. Type file:///sdcard/ into the address bar, which will open your SD storage. From there, navigate to the file you want to open and tap to view it. 

    Learn To Understand HTML 

    Learning little tricks and understanding HTML better can give you more freedom when working with both code and text. One good example is learning how to embed HTML into a Google document, among other things. 

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    How To Open A File Just To Read In Python?

    In Python, file handling involves many operations; among them, one such task is opening a file for reading and this makes it possible for you to access and retrieve data from the file. In this article, we will discuss and learn how to open a file in read mode using Python; we will use some code examples with self-explanatory descriptions to help you understand and master the process of reading files in Python.

    Opening a File for Reading and Printing its Content

    For a file to be opened for reading and printing its content, you can follow these steps:

    Step 1: You make use of the open() function to open the file. Then you provide the file path as the first argument and use the mode ‘r’ to indicate read mode.

    Step 2: You then assign the returned file object to a variable for further operations, such as reading the file content.

    Step 3: You also use the read() method to read the content of the file and store it in a variable.

    Step 4: You then print the content of the file using the print() function or perform any necessary operations on the content.

    Step 5: At last, you can close the file to ensure proper handling of system resources.

    Example

    Suppose we have a text file as shown below

    #myfile.txt This is a test file # Open the file for reading file = open('myfile.txt', 'r') # Read the content of the file content = file.read() # Print the content print(content) # Close the file file.close()

    When we run the above code we get the following output when the chúng tôi is opened and existing content is read.

    Output #myfile.txt This is a test file Opening a File for Reading Line by Line

    In order to read a file line by line, follow these steps:

    Step 1: You make use the open() function to open the file in read mode.

    Step 2: You can then assign the returned file object to a variable.

    Step 3: You opt for using a loop to iterate over each line in the file.

    Step 4: Each line within the loop (e.g., print it or perform other operations) can be processed.

    Step 5: Lastly, you can close the file to release system resources.

    Example

    Suppose we have a text file as shown below

    #myfile.txt This is a test file. This is the first line. This is the second line. This is the third line. # Open the file for reading file = open('myfile.txt', 'r') # Read the file line by line for line in file: # Process each line (e.g., print it) print(line) # Close the file file.close()

    When we run the above code we get the following output when the chúng tôi is opened and existing content is read.

    Output #myfile.txt This is a test file. This is the first line. This is the second line. This is the third line. Using Context Managers to Read a File

    You must know that a context manager in Python is an object that gives a description of the runtime context that will be created when a code block is executed using the ‘with’ expression. It makes available a method for allocating and releasing resources at exactly the proper time. The ‘with’ statement, for example, can be used to open a file in Python and close it once you’re done working with it.

    Python in this way makes it easy to read files using context managers. Context managers, as you have now learned, help automate file closing, even if an exception or error occurs. This is how you can make use of a context manager to read a file:

    Step 1: You can make use the ‘with’ statement and the open() function to open the file in read mode.

    Step 2: You can then assign the returned file object to a variable within the with block.

    Step 3: You, lastly, process the file content within the with block (e.g., print it or perform other operations).

    Example

    Suppose we have a text file as shown below

    #myfile.txt This is a test file # Open the file for reading using a context manager with open('myfile.txt', 'r') as file: # Process the file content (e.g., print it) content = file.read() print(content)

    When we run the above code we get the following output when the chúng tôi is opened and existing content is read.

    Output #myfile.txt This is a test file Reading a File and Counting the Number of Lines

    To be able to read a file and count the number of lines it contains, you can follow these steps:

    Step 1: You use the open() function to open the file in read mode.

    Step 2: You then allot or assign the returned file object to a variable.

    Step 3: You then go on to initialize a counter variable to keep track of the number of lines.

    Step 4: You can make use of a loop to iterate over each line in the file.

    Step 5: You can go on to increment the counter variable by 1 for each line.

    Step 6: Lastly, you can close the file to release system resources.

    Example

    Suppose we have a text file as shown below

    #myfile.txt This is a test file. This is the first line. This is the second line. # Open the file for reading file = open('myfile.txt', 'r') # Initialize the counter variable line_count = 0 # Read the file line by line and count the lines for line in file: line_count += 1 # Print the line count print("Number of lines:", line_count) # Close the file file.close()

    When we run the above code we get the following output when the chúng tôi is opened and existing content is read and number of lines counted we get the following output.

    Output Number of lines: 4 Reading a File and Extracting Specific Information

    To be able to read a file and extract particular information from it, you make use of the following steps:

    Step 1: You use the open() function to open the file in read mode.

    Step 2: You assign the returned file object to a variable.

    Step 3: You then read the file content into a variable using the readlines() method, that returns a list of lines.

    Step 4: You next process the content of the file to extract the required information. You use string manipulation techniques, regular expressions, or other methods based on your particular requirements.

    Step 5: At the very end, you can close the file to ensure proper handling of system resources.

    Example

    Suppose we have a text file as shown below

    #myfile.txt This is a test file. This is the first line. This is the second line. # Open the file for reading file = open('myfile.txt', 'r') # Read the file content into a list of lines lines = file.readlines() # Extract specific information from the file content for line in lines: if 'test' in line: print(line) # Close the file file.close()

    When we run the above code we get the following output when the chúng tôi is opened and existing content is read and the line containing the word ‘test’ is extracted and printed as the following output.

    Output This is a test file.

    Opening a file for reading is a basic or fundamental operation in domain of Python file handling. In this article, we seen and discussed some examples that gave a demonstration how to open a file for reading and retrieve its content. We also provisioned additional code examples that demonstrated reading a file and counting the number of lines, as well as reading a file and extracting specific information. By following and applying the systematic explanations and code examples, you can gain a sound understanding of the concept of reading files in Python. It is to be remembered to close the file after reading without fail so as to ensure proper handling of system resources.

    How To Open Rar File On Android

    How To Open RAR File On Android 1. WinZip – Zip UnZip Tool

    With this app, you can unzip file-formats chúng tôi .ZIP, .7Z and many others with just one tap. It also has a dedicated image viewer where you can view all your zipped files. And, if all this was not enough, you can directly open and save files to your cloud accounts and share files from the app itself.

    Install Now

    2. RAR

    For a RAR file opener for Android, this is so many things packaged into one. With file compressor, extractor, archiver, assistant, and even an explorer, what more could you ask for? And, throw in any compression format RAR, TAR, ZIP, ISO, GZ, BZiP2 or any format for that matter, it’ll do the job for you.

    And, if your file is damaged, worry not, this RAR file opener for Android is benchmark function compatible with RARLAB’s WinRAR benchmark   

    Install Now

    3. Easy UnRAR, Unzip & Zip

    Easy Unrar & Zip is yet another brilliant solution to how to Open RAR file on Android. A simple yet effective RAR and ZIP compression and extractor app that can extract or compress something as big as a movie and that too in a matter of minutes. It doesn’t matter if the compressed file has a password on it, it’ll still be supported.

    Install Now

    4. B1 Archiver zip RAR unzip

    With B1 Archiver zip RAR unzips you can easily compress and open RAR in any Android smartphone along with ZIP, B1, and 34 other formats. Since it might get difficult for you to decide which all files you want to extract, the app offers you to browse archived files without extraction. Also, this ZIP extractor for Android lets you create and open password-protected RAR, B1, ZIP, and 7Z archives.

    Install Now

    5. ZArchiver

    This particular app here is an archive beast! Whether you wish to create archives, view them or secure them with a password, you’ll have no hassles at all.  And not just that it even helps you compress and decompress password protected files as well. It supports the file formats the likes of ZIP, 7zip, XZ, tar, dmg, mtz, xar, izma, you name it.

    Install Now

    In The End

    There are countless times when we have to compress files and send them to someone. On the receiving end, we might be on the go and might receive a compressed file that we might have to decompress promptly. Those are the times when we can’t afford to go to our computers every time, open a RAR extractor and work on such files. That is the time we need RAR file opener for Android.

    For more such content keep reading Tweak Library and follow our YouTube channel as well.

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    Sarang Bhargava

    How To Search Open Tabs In Edge, Chrome, Firefox, Opera Browsers

    Working with multiple tabs makes it easier to collect information from different resources while doing online research. Though sometimes, it becomes overwhelming to have too many tabs opened. You search for something in a tab, keep reading it, and then switch to something else in a different tab. After opening a couple of tabs, you won’t be able to look at the title of a tab that lets you know what information it holds. Also, it becomes difficult to search for a specific word or phrase in a particular tab. To overcome these issues, most modern browsers nowadays offer a ‘Search Tabs‘ feature that lets you search across all the opened or recently closed tabs.

    The Search Tabs feature allows you to:

    See a list of open tabs across all browser windows.

    Find a specific tab in a list of all open tabs and recently closed tabs.

    Know when a specific tab has been opened or closed by seeing the timestamp (feature available in Chrome and Edge).

    Search both title and content of open pages (a feature available in the Opera browser).

    How to search open tabs in Edge, Chrome, Firefox, Opera browsers

    Let’s look at how to search open tabs in different browsers, including Microsoft Edge, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and Opera.

    How to search open tabs in Microsoft Edge

    Go to Microsoft Edge.

    A pop-up window will appear listing all open tabs and recently closed tabs. The window also shows a search bar on top.

    Type the desired word or phrase in the search bar.

    Use up and down keys on the keyboard to move between the search results.

    Press Enter to go to the tab. You can also use your mouse to go to the desired tab.

    Read: Microsoft Edge not restoring previous Tab session.

    How to search open tabs in Google Chrome

    Go to Google Chrome.

    You will see a pop-up window listing all open tabs and recently closed tabs. The window shows a search box on top.

    Type the word or phrase in the search box. Search results will appear.

    Use up and down arrow keys to move between the search results.

    Press Enter or use your mouse cursor to go to the required tab.

    Read: Reset or Refresh Firefox browser settings to default

    How to search open tabs in Mozilla Firefox

    Go to Mozilla Firefox.

    Open a new tab and place your mouse cursor in the address bar.

    Select the tabs icon at the bottom of the menu that appears.

    You will see a list of all open tabs, with a ‘Switch to Tab’ button in front of each listing.

    Use the address bar to locate a specific tab.

    Note: Firefox doesn’t give you the option to look at your recently closed tabs while using the Search Tabs feature.

    How to search open tabs in Opera Browser

    Go to Opera Browser.

    A list of recently closed and open tabs will open up in a popup window.

    The windows show a search bar on top. Type the desired word/ phrase in the search bar.

    Use up/ down keys to move between the search results.

    Go to the desired tab either by pressing Enter or by using your mouse cursor.

    How do I search tabs in Windows? What happens if I have a lot of tabs open?

    If you have a lot of tabs open in your web browser, your system may experience performance issues. This is because each tab consumes a fraction of your system’s RAM. The more tabs you open, the more RAM they utilize and your system will run out of RAM to manage other tasks. This may result in slowing down, freezing, or crashing your PC.

    Read Next: How to reopen a closed tab in Chrome, Edge, Firefox, Opera browsers.

    How To Install Google Chrome Extensions In Microsoft Edge

    When it was first announced, Microsoft’s decision to adopt Chromium code was met with skepticism. The launch of Edge, the company’s Chromium-based browser, is the latest attempt to dethrone Google Chrome. Gone are the days of Microsoft running its own proprietary software.

    Download Edge

    First, you need to start by downloading the latest version of the Edge browser. You can do that at chúng tôi and your existing browser will determine the appropriate download package. Edge is currently available for Windows 10, macOS and mobile software for both Android and iOS.

    Building it on the same Chromium code base allows all desktop-based Edge users to tap into the incredibly large selection of Chrome extensions. Microsoft has its own selection of extensions as well, downloadable through the Microsoft Store. As of this writing, the native extension selection is rather limited. Honestly, that is okay, as there are so many Chrome extensions, Microsoft can take its sweet time to increase the native selection.

    Finding the Extensions Menu

    After Edge is installed on your computer, adding Chrome extensions is relatively easy. Once you have the hang of it, you’ll be installing extensions at will in just a few seconds. Let’s get started.

    Enabling Third-Party Extensions Adding Extensions Warning

    Consider this your first warning: Google Chrome extensions have not been tested in the Edge environment. What this means is that you might see memory leaks or a variety of other breakages. If you experience problems, try and uninstall extensions one at a time until you find the cause.

    Uninstalling Chrome Extensions Conclusion

    As Edge is likely to arrive as the default browser on Microsoft laptops in the future, there is a good chance it will see lots of market share. Knowing how to personalize and increase its functionality is important. Adding Chrome extensions makes an already good browser even better. Did the world need another Chromium browser? That’s a subject for another time, but in the interim, happy browsing!

    David Joz

    David is a freelance tech writer with over 15 years of experience in the tech industry. He loves all things Nintendo.

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    How To Lock Google Chrome With Password? – Webnots

    Google Chrome is a powerful browser. However, you should be careful in protecting your data especially when you are using shared computer for browsing. Chrome offers an in-built password manager to save login passwords/usernames for websites. You have an option to lock incognito tabs in Chrome on iOS and Android apps. However, there are no options to lock Chrome browser app in desktop. In this article, let us discuss how you can lock Google Chrome with to password protect your data. 

    Why You Need to Protect Browser and Tabs?

    You may want to block other users from accessing your personal browsing information like browsing history. While you can set different profiles for every user or setup a guest profile for others, you cannot be confident that your information is safe. Some users will still switch account and view your browsing data or even change your Chrome settings.

    It is also essential to keep your data safe and private from your kids when using the same computer. Previously, Google Chrome supported the Parental Control feature but the feature was removed in later versions. Now you can lock incognito tabs in mobile apps and need to use extensions to lock Chrome on desktop devices.

    Lock Chrome Incognito Tabs in iOS and Android

    On iPhone, you can lock incognito tabs with Face or Touch ID. Though the process is same on Android, you need to use PIN or fingerprint for locking.

    Open Chrome app, tap on three dots icon showing on bottom corner of the app and select “Settings”.

    Chrome App Settings in iPhone

    When you are on the settings page, tap on “Privacy and Security” option.

    Open Privacy and Security Settings in Chrome App

    On the next page, enable “Lock Incognito Tabs When You Close Chrome” option.

    Lock Incognito Tabs When Close Chrome

    Chrome will prompt you to confirm the Face ID / Touch ID / fingerprint or PIN depending upon the one you use to unlock your phone.

    Confirm Face ID or Touch ID or PIN

    After that whenever you open the app and want to access the incognito tabs, you should unlock the screen to view open incognito tabs.

    Unlock Incognito Tabs in Chrome with Face IDView Open Incognito Tabs in Chrome

    Lock Chrome Desktop App with Password

    As mentioned, there are no default Chrome settings available for locking Chrome desktop app. You can use one of the following free extensions from Chrome Web Store.

    1. Password Protect Chrome with LockPW Extension

    The LockPW is an extension for Chrome that allows you to set up password and prompts you to enter the password whenever you open the browser.

    Add LockPW Extension

    LockPW Extension Settings

    On the left panel of the settings page, switch on your preferred lock option and on the right side type and confirm your password.

    The extension also allows you to add a password hint and limit the number of password attempts.

    Set Password

    The power button next allows you to turn off the password protection.

    Whenever you open Chrome, the extension will prompt you to login with a password.

    Password Prompt

    Related: How to import and export password in Google Chrome?

    2. Set Password for Chrome with Chrome Lock

    This extension helps you to lock your browser with a password to prevent unauthorized access, keeping your private browsing data safe. Once installed, the extension prompts for a password whenever you launch Google Chrome locking out others users from your Chrome profile.

    Go to the Chrome Web Store and add the Chrome lock extension to Chrome.

    Add Chrome Lock Extension

    Setting Password

    Closing Chrome

    Login to Chrome

    You may also enable the “Dynamic Password” feature by checking the box.

    3. Protecting Chrome with Lock for Google Chrome

    Unlike the above two options which prompts for password when launching Google Chrome, this extension allows you to lock a page in Chrome after a specified time interval. For instance, you can set the extension to lock the browser after 1 to 90 minutes.

    Install the “Lock for Google Chrome” from Chrome Web Store.

    Install Lock 4 Chrome

    A pop up will appear prompting you to enter the password that you will use to unlock the page.

    Start Lock

    Once your set time interval is up, the extension will lock the page and an authentication dialog will pop up. You can enter the password to unlock the page.

    Unlock Chrome

    Remember, this extension will not prevent users from launching Chrome. Lock for Google Chrome extension can be useful when you want to leave Chrome browser running for sometimes but you would like to block access after a specific time interval.

    Related: How to block websites in Google Chrome?

    Wrapping Up

    If you are sharing Chrome on a family computer or when you lend your PC to a friend, you may need to block other users from accessing your browsing data. Even though you trust your family members or friend, they may be tempted to check on your browsing history or change your browser settings. To prevent this, you can password protect your Chrome profile or the entire browser to block unauthorized users from viewing your personal information. You can use one of the above extensions to achieve this on desktop. For mobile apps, it’s a good idea to use incognito tabs and lock them with the default settings.

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