Trending February 2024 # How To Run Stable Diffusion On Google Colab (Automatic1111) # Suggested March 2024 # Top 10 Popular

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This is a step-by-step guide for using the Google Colab notebook in the Quick Start Guide to run AUTOMATIC1111. This is one of the easiest ways to use AUTOMATIC1111 because you don’t need to deal with the installation.

See install instructions on Windows PC and Mac if you prefer to run locally.

Update April 21, 2023: Google has blocked usage of Stable Diffusion with a free account. You need a paid plan to use this notebook.

What is AUTOMATIC1111?

You should know what AUTOMATIC1111 is if you want to be a serious user of Stable Diffusion. You can choose not to use it. But you need to know what it can do because it is the gold standard in features, though not necessarily stability…

AUTOMATIC1111 was one of the first GUIs developed for Stable Diffusion. Although it associates with AUTOMATIC1111’s GitHub account, it has been a community effort to develop this software.

AUTOMATIC1111 is feature-rich: You can use text-to-image, image-to-image, upscaling, depth-to-image, and run and train custom models all within this GUI. Many of the tutorials on this site are demonstrated with this GUI.

What is Google Colab?

Google Colab is an interactive computing service offered by Google.

They have three paid plans – Pay As You Go, Colab Pro, and Colab Pro+. If you decide to pay, I recommend using the Colab Pro plan. It gives you 100 compute units per month which are about 50 hours on a standard GPU. (It’s a steal) You can also get high-RAM machines, which are useful for some v2 models and other conveniences.

With a paid plan, you have an option to use Premium GPU. It is an A100 processor. That comes in handy when you need to train Dreambooth models fast.

If you use Colab for AUTOMATIC1111, be sure to disconnect and shut down the notebook when you are done. It will consume compute units when the notebook is kept open.

Step-by-step instructions to run the Colab notebook

Step 1. Open the Colab notebook in Quick Start Guide. You should see the notebook with the second cell like below.

Step 2. Review username and password. You will need the credential after you start AUTOMATIC11111.

Step 3. Review Save_In_Google_Drive option. Three options are available.

3. Nothing: Will not use your Google Drive. All data and images will be deleted after you disconnect.

You must grant permission to access Google Drive if you choose the first or the second options.

Step 4. Check the models you want to load. Currently we offer v1.4, v1.5, v1.5 inpainting, F222, anything v3, inkpunk diffusion, Mo Di diffusion, v2.1-512, v2.1-768 and v2 depth model.

If you are a first-time user, you can select the v1.5 model.

If you chose to save everything in Google Drive, the models will be downloaded to your Google Drive.

Step 7. Start-up should complete within a few minutes. How long it takes depends on how many models you include. When it is done, you should see the message below.

Step 8. Follow the link to start AUTOMATIC1111.

Step 9. Enter the username and password you specified in the notebook.

Step 10. You should see the AUTOMATIC1111 GUI after you log in.

Put in “a cat” in the prompt text box and press Generate to test using Stable Diffusion. You should see it generates an image of a cat.

ngrok (Optional)

If you run into display issues with the GUI, you can try using ngrok instead of Gradio to establish the public connection. It is a more stable alternative to the default gradio connection.

You will need to set up a free account and get an authoken.

    Create an account

    Verify email

    The Stable Diffusion cell in the notebook should look like below after you put in your ngrok authtoken.

    When you visit the ngrok link, it should show a message like below

    When you are done

    Models available

    For your convenience, the notebook has options to load some popular models. You will find a brief description of them in this section.

    v1 models

    v1.4 model

    v1.4 model is the first publicly released Stable Diffusion base model.

    v1.5 model

    v1.5 model is released after 1.4. It is the last v1 model. Images from this model is very similar to v1.4. You can treat the v1.5 model as the default v1 base model.

    v1.5 inpainting model

    A special model trained for inpainting.



    F222 is good at generating photo-realistic images. It is good at generating females with correct anatomy.

    Caution: F222 is prone to generating explicit images. Suppress explicit images with a prompt “dress” or a negative prompt “nude”.



    Model Page

    Dreamshaper is easy to use and good at generating a popular photorealistic illustration style. It is an easy way to “cheat” and get good images without a good prompt!

    Open Journey Model

    Open Journey Model.

    Model Page

    Open Journey is a model fine-tuned with images generated by Mid Journey v4. It has a different aesthetic and is a good general-purpose model.

    Triggering keyword: mdjrny-v4 style

    Anything v3

    Anything v3 model.

    Model Page

    Anything V3 is a special-purpose model trained to produce high-quality anime-style images. You can use danbooru tags (like 1girl, white hair) in the text prompt.

    It’s useful for casting celebrities to amine style, which can then be blended seamlessly with illustrative elements.

    Inkpunk Diffusion

    Inkpunk Diffusion model.

    Inkpunk Diffusion is a Dreambooth-trained model with a very distinct illustration style.

    Model Page

    Use keyword: nvinkpunk

    v2 models

    v2 models are the newest base models released by Stability AI. It is generally harder to use and is not recommended for beginners.

    v2.1 768 model

    Sample 2.1 image.

    The v2.1-768 model is the latest high-resolution v2 model. The native resolution is 768×768 pixels. Make sure to set at least one side of the image to 768 pixels. It is imperative to use negative prompts in v2 models.

    You will need Colab Pro to use this model because it needs a high RAM instance.

    v2.1 512 model

    The v2.1-512 model is the lower-resolution version of the v2.1 model.

    v2 depth model

    v2 depth model

    v2 depth model extracts depth information from an input image and uses it to guide image generation. See the tutorial on depth-to-image.

    Other models

    Here are some models that you may be interested in.

    See more realistic models here.

    Dreamlike Photoreal

    Dreamlike Photoreal

    Dreamlike Photoreal Model Page

    Model download URL

    Dreamlike Photoreal model is good at generating beautiful females with correct anatomy. It is similar to F222.

    triggering keyword: photo

    Caution: This model is prone to generating explicit photos. Suppress explicit images with a prompt “dress” or a negative prompt “nude”.


    Lyriel excels in artistic style and is good at rendering a variety of subjects, ranging from portraits to objects.

    Model download URL:

    Deliberate v2

    Deliberate v2 is a well-trained model capable of generating photorealistic illustrations, anime, and more.

    Model download URL

    Save in Google Drive – Small models, images and settings

    I recommend this to most users. This is designed to save small data files to Google Drive but download big files. So your Google Drive won’t be used up by Stable Diffusion.

    You select Small models, images and settings option. The following are saved in your Google Drive.

    All generated images

    GUI settings

    Prompt and parameters used in the last generated image

    Embeddings (Path: AI_PICS/embeddings)

    Lora models (Path: AI_PICS/Lora)

    Upscalers (Path: AI_PICS/ESRGAN)

    Hypernetworks (Path: AI_PICS/hypernetworks)

    Next time you run the notebook, all of the above will be available.

    This option will not save any models in your Google Drive. But it will load all the models you put in AI_PICS/models.

    You only need to put models you frequent but NOT in the Notebook’s model list in AI_PICS/models. Since model files are large (2 to 7 GB), you don’t want to put too many in your Google Drive. (Free storage of Google Drive is only 15 GB)

    Installing embeddings

    Embeddings are reloaded whenever you switch models. You will get a confirmation in the log message on Colab.

    Installing LoRA

    LoRA (Low-Rank Adaptation) models are small patches that can be applied to the model checkpoints. Their sizes are small, usually between 3-200 MB, making them easy to store. They are good alternatives to models.

    Lora model folder.

    Installing Upscalers

    Using models in Google Drive

    You can use models in your Google Drive. You must put the models in the following default location.


    All models within this folder will be loaded during start-up.

    Installing hypernetworks

    To install hypernetworks, put them in the following location


    Save in Google Drive – Everything

    Models: AI_PICS/stable-diffusion-webui/models/Stable-diffusion

    Upscalers: AI_PICS/stable-diffusion-webui/models/ESRGAN

    Lora: AI_PICS/stable-diffusion-webui/models/Lora

    Embeddings: AI_PICS/stable-diffusion-webui/embeddings

    Hypernetworks: AI_PICS/stable-diffusion-webui/hypernetworks

    Installing a model from URL

    You can install models from URLs using the Model_from_URL field. Currently, you can only install v1 models.

    Installing a model from HuggingFace

    Below’s an example input for installing DreamShaper from HuggingFace

    (Link may not be correct as this model is updated frequently)

    Installing a model from Civitai

    You will need to copy the URL link for downloading the model. Don’t use the URL of the model page.

    Saving a copy in Google Drive

    You can optionally save a copy of the models in your Google Drive using Save_a_copy_in_Google_Drive. They will be saved in the model loading location. AI_PICS/models.

    The next time you start the notebook, the models you saved in Google Drive will be automatically loaded.

    Use this option only when you use the recommended setting: Save small models and images in Google Drive.

    Installing extensions from URL

    You can install any number of extensions by using this field. You will need the URL of the Github page of the extension.

    For example, put in the following if you want to install the Civitai model extension.

    You can also install multiple extensions. The URLs need to be separated with commas. For example, the following URLs install the Civitai and the multi-diffusion extensions.

    Extra arguments to webui

    You can add extra arguments to the Web-UI by using the Extra_arguments field.

    For example, if you use the lycoris extension, it is handy to use the extra webui argument --lyco-dir to specify a custom lycoris model directory in your Google Drive.

    Other useful arguments are

    --api. Allow API access. Useful for some applications, e.g. the PhotoShop Automatic1111 plugin.


    Instruct-Pix2Pix is a Stable Diffusion model that lets you edit photos with text instruction alone.

    To use the instruct-Pix2Pix model, check the instruct_pix2pix_model checkbox. Follow the instructions in this tutorial.


    ControlNet is a Stable Diffusion model that can copy the composition and pose of the input image.

    This notebook supports ControlNet. See the tutorial article.

    Making Videos with Stable Diffusion (Deforum)

    You can make videos with text prompts using the Deforum extension. See this tutorial for a walkthrough.

    Frequently asked questions

    Do I need Google Colab Pro to use the notebook?

    No, you can use most of the functions of this notebook with the free version of Google Colab. The only thing that doesn’t work is Stable Diffusion v2 768-pixel model (v2_1_768_model checkbox), which requires a higher RAM limit.

    Do I need to use ngrok?

    You don’t need to use ngrok to use the Colab notebook. In my experience, ngrok provides a more stable connection between your browser and the GUI. If you experience issues like buttons not responding, you should try ngrok.

    Why do I keep getting disconnected?

    There’s a human verification shortly after starting each Colab notebook session. You will get disconnected if you do not respond to it. Make sure to switch back to the Colab notebook and check for verification.

    Is saving everything in Google Drive faster?

    The first time is slower because you need to download things to your Google Drive, which has a slower speed. Later times range from 20% faster to 50% slower. This has something to do with the speed of accessing data in Google Drive.

    Can I use the dreambooth models I trained?

    Yes. Models typically need to be converted to be used in AUTOMATIC1111. But if you use the notebook in my Dreambooth tutorial, it has already been converted for you.

    You will need to select save “small models, images and settings” in Google Drive option. Put your dreambooth model in AI_PICS/models. You can rename the model file if desired.

    Next Step

    If you are new to Stable Diffusion, check out the Absolute beginner’s guide.

    You're reading How To Run Stable Diffusion On Google Colab (Automatic1111)

    Getting Started Stable Diffusion 2 In Paperspace Notebook

    Many people have been looking at alternatives to Google Colab and one great solution is Paperspace. You can create multiple notebooks and run up machines using GPUs that are available for free or charged by the hour. In this post I want to share my workflow of how I run up Stable Diffusion on Paperspace. This notebook can run multiple versions of Stable Diffusion using Automatic1111.

    I am assuming that as a reader you have basic code understanding and have had some experience with Google Colab.

    Start of the Interface and in the notebooks create a new notebook. Select the option Start from Scratch, choose the desired GPU and Auto-shutdown timeout choose the maximum of 6 hours.

    Start notebook when you are ready…we need the notebook running for the next steps.

    Setup your Notebook in Paperspace

    In the meantime your Notebook would have started and on the left side should be folder 📁 button which will show a file manager. Upload the file ‘StableDiffusionUI_Voldemort_paperspace.IPYNB‘ you just download to the Notebook. It should only take 2-3 seconds to upload the file.

    In my case I am using the Paid Tier and I like to store my model location in tmp folder, the repo location remains as per default. So I only modify “model_storage_dir” to “/tmp/models‘.

    Run/Re-Run the Notebook Code # Free tier # symlink_to_notebooks = True # Enables the creation of symlinks back to /notebooks/ # model_storage_dir = '/tmp/stable-diffusion/models' # Where the models will be downloaded to. # repo_storage_dir = '/notebooks' # Where the repository will be downloaded to. # Paid Tier symlink_to_notebooks = False model_storage_dir = '/tmp/models' repo_storage_dir = '/notebooks'

    First cell of code that needs to be updated and run

    Next step is to run the Clone the WebUI repository. This will download the WebUI repo from the web, this ensures that your version remains up to date always after the first time you run it.

    Following this Run the Install requirements and download repositories, which installs all the required files to make the whole thing work.

    Now that all the files are installed, we need the Stable Diffusion 2.0 model downloaded. You have numerous options available here to download the 768×768 pixel version or the 512×512 pixel version. You can download one or more model versions which can then be selected later on in the Automatic1111 WebUI.

    Run the corresponding cell related to your model. I’m running 768×768 cell to download and install this model.

    Next step is to run the cell below Link the models directories. This checks all the available models and links them up for use in the WebUI.

    Finally we are now ready to run the main cell that will give us access to run the prompts we want and create images. Navigate down to Launch the WebUI section and run the cell within.

    As the code runs it will produce two URLs that will show up at the end of the execution summary which is displayed below the cell. If you don’t see it there should be a More button that reveal the rest of the summary. It should look like this:

    Now the fun part starts up as a new tab opens with the Automatic1111 WebUI interface running Stable Diffusion 2.0. I use the prompt provided on the Stable Diffusion website.

    Enter both the prompt and the negative prompt (as shown below).

    Prompt: a portrait of a beautiful blonde woman, fine – art photography, soft portrait shot 8 k, mid length, ultrarealistic uhd faces, unsplash, kodak ultra max 800, 85 mm, intricate, casual pose, centered symmetrical composition, stunning photos, masterpiece, grainy, centered composition:2

    Negative Prompt: blender, cropped, lowres, poorly drawn face, out of frame, poorly drawn hands, blurry, bad art, blurred, text, watermark, disfigured, deformed, closed eyes:-2

    Sampling Steps: 20

    Sampling method: Euler a

    Width and Height: 768

    Batch size: 6 (but you can set to what you want).

    Now that you have Stable Diffusion 2.0 running in Paperspace using Automatic1111, you can repeat the above steps each time from Run/Re-Run the Notebook Code section onwards. You don’t need to create a new notebook each time as it will stay saved as long as you maintain your account in Paperspace or decide to delete it yourself.

    When done creating the images you can switch back to the browser tab where you were running the Notebook, stop the cell in Launch the WebUI which should be running still. Once it stops, use the Export Generations cell and run it to create a ZIP file of the images generated. This is obviously faster than downloading each image from the outputs directory which should be visible in the file browser.

    Sample Images

    Here are some of sample images I created using above and other prompts.

    How To Run Android M On Windows?

    Summary: Do you want to try Android M but won’t receive M update for your Android device? Never mind, you can even run Android M on your Windows PC. Sounds interesting? Dive in.

    Android M – the upcoming release of Google’s Android – is going to bring numerous platform improvements and feature additions. These enhancements are worth a try but are you worried your device won’t get M update? Don’t worry, here’s a good news – you can still try Android M.

    In this tutorial, we’re going to run Android M on Windows. We’ll make use of Android Emulator together with Android Virtual Device to get Android M running on your system. Let’s get started.

    1. Set up the Android SDK

    Android SDK is a comprehensive set of tools required for doing software development for Android platform. It packs one of the required tool – Android Emulator and that’s why, your first task is to get up and running with Android SDK.

    Follow the given steps to set up the Android SDK:

    1. Download Android SDK Tools (download the file “installer_rxxx.x-windows.exe”)

    2. Set up the M Developer Preview 2

    M Developer Preview 2 don’t come along with Android SDK but you can download it once you’ve got the SDK Tools in your system. For this task, you need to use the SDK Manager that comes bundled inside Android SDK to set up the M Developer Preview 2.

    Follow the given procedure to set up the M Developer Preview 2:

    1. Open the installation folder of SDK Tools, which will probably be any of these three:

    C:Program Files (x86)Androidandroid-sdk



    7. Under Android M (API 22, MNC preview), check any one of these two:

    Intel x86 Atom_64 System Image if your system has 64-bit Windows

    Intel x86 Atom System Image if your system has 32-bit Windows

    Note: If you want to run other Android releases on your computer, check the same names (in step 7 above) under different parent. For example, check the same names under Android 5.0.1 (API 21) if you want to run Android Lollipop aka Android 5 on your system.

    3. Set up AVD for M Developer Preview 2

    Android Emulator don’t work on itself – it runs Android Virtual Devices (AVDs). AVD is a virtual device with a set configuration of hardware and software. For example, an AVD can simulate a Nexus 4 running Android 5 (Lollipop) and another AVD can simulate a Nexus 6 running Android M.

    We need to create an AVD configured to run Android M Developer Preview 2. Then after, we can tell the Android Emulator to execute this AVD, and we will end up running Android M on Windows.

    Follow the given instructions to set up AVD for M Developer Preview 2:

    3. Fill the values in Create a new Android Virtual Device (AVD) window as in below screenshot.

    After the boot completion, Android M will greet you with a welcome screen along with some beginner tips. Hurray, you’ve successfully booted into M, and now you can start experimenting it. You can do most of the things like check and change settings, install new apps & games, etc.

    That was all about running Android M Developer Preview 2 on your Windows PC using Android Emulator. You can have a bad experience running Android M using Android Emulator – kindly check the tips & tricks given below to gain better performance and do more with Android M.

    Tips & Tricks for Android Emulator (Bonus)

    How to Improve Performance of Android Emulator?

    Intel Hardware Accelerated Execution Manager (HAXM) is known to improve the performance of AVDs. It makes them start faster and run smoother and more responsive. Download and install HAXM to get the best performance for Android M running on Windows.

    How to Install Apps in Android Emulator?

    Google Play Store is not available in AVDs to download & install apps. However, you can still install apps inside AVDs – either download APKs and install them in the AVD or download and install APK of third-party app store like Amazon, Mobogenie, Aptoide, etc. and use it to download and install apps in AVD.

    SEE ALSO: 10 Must Have Xposed Modules For Android

    How To Manage Your Passwords On Google

    Passwords are key to using the internet with your own unique sets of IDs. And to help stay secure, you might be using different passwords for all the websites and apps you use. While it’s a tough task to remember each one of them, it’s harder to come up with stronger passwords for all of your accounts.

    Enter, a password manager, which is the perfect way to create undetectable, secure passwords and store them for future use across a multitude of platforms. Fortunately for you, Google offers its own password manager on Android devices and Chrome browser that can store and create unique passwords. Additionally, Google’s password manager offers regular checkup of your passwords to analyze whether they’ve been compromised.

    RELATED: How to share your Wi-Fi internet connection without sharing the password

    What is Password Manager

    Like its third-party counterparts, Google’s Password manager runs across the web and on Android. This means, the passwords that are stored on Google can be used across platforms that support Google’s web dashboard like browsers on mobile phones and PCs in addition to running natively on Android.

    Having been present on Chrome since 2024, Google’s built-in password manager an also create random passwords for sites that you’re visiting for the first time. This password is then stored on Google’s servers and can later be used when visiting the website on a smartphone or through an app.

    The passwords are protected by a master password which is your Google password. It’s thus very important to secure your Google password if you’re saving passwords of other accounts and signing in using multiple devices. Additionally, Google will also alert you if you use a password and username combination that has been compromised in a data leak on a third-party website or app.

    RELATED: How to find the Wi-Fi password of a device on Android

    How to check the security of passwords you’ve saved to your Google Account

    By the end of 2023, Google launched Password Checkup, a feature inside Password manager for checking a user’s saved passwords and find if they’ve been compromised or leaked during a data breach in the past. If username-password combo is found to have been leaked on its database of compromised logins, Google will warn the user to change it as soon as they could.

    You can check the security of your saved passwords using the method from down below:

    Step 1: Open the Google app on your Android phone.

    Step 2: Tap on the More button (3-dot button) at the bottom right.

    Step 3: Hit the down arrow next to your account name.

    Step 4: Tap on Manage your Google Account.

    You will be taken to a new page.

    Step 5: Tap on Get Started.

    Step 6: Slide through the tabs at the top and select the Security tab.

    Step 7: Scroll down the bottom and under ‘Signing in to other sites‘ section, tap on Password Manager.

    Step 8: On this page, tap on Check passwords under ‘Password Checkup‘ section.

    Step 9: Tap on Check Passwords again in the next page.

    Step 10: Verify yourself by confirming the screen lock after pressing Continue.

    Alternatively, you can tap on Try another way and enter the password to your Google account.

    Google will now show you the security of your passwords and alert you about the ones that have been compromised, reused, or are too weak to be used.

    Step 11: Perform the following actions based on the security of your passwords:

    View a password: Tap on one of the three sections between compromised, reused, and weak passwords and then tap on the 3-dot icon on the right side of the app/website whose password you want to view. Now tap on View Password.

    Update saved password

    : Tap on one of the three sections between compromised, reused, and weak passwords and then tap on the 3-dot icon on the right side of the app/website whose password you want to view. You can now update the saved password to a service by tapping on Update saved password, entering the new password inside the box and tapping Save.

    Change password: To change the password to a site or app, tap on one of the three sections between compromised, reused, and weak passwords and then tap on Change password. You will now be taken to the loading page of the app/site you want to change the credentials of.

    Delete password: Tap on one of the three sections between compromised, reused, and weak passwords and then tap on the 3-dot icon on the right side of the app/website whose password you want to view. To delete a saved password, tap on the 3-dot icon on the right side of the app/website and hit Delete password. You will then be prompted to confirm if you want to delete the password, at which point, you’ll have to tap on Delete.

    How to start saving passwords

    By default, Google offers to save your password, be it on Chrome browser or on Android. If not, you can choose to switch ON the feature by following this method:

    Step 1: Open the Google app on your Android phone.

    Step 2: Tap on the More button (3-dot button) at the bottom right.

    Step 3: Hit the down arrow next to your account name.

    Step 4: Tap on Manage your Google Account.

    You will be taken to a new page.

    Step 5: Tap on Get Started.

    Step 6: Slide through the tabs at the top and select the Security tab.

    Step 7: Scroll down the bottom and under ‘Signing in to other sites‘ section, tap on Password Manager.

    Step 8: Tap on the cogwheel icon on the top right.

    Step 9: Under ‘Password Options’, toggle the switch adjacent to Offer to save passwords to ON.

    That’s it. Google will now offer to save passwords for you and prompt you by asking if you’d want to save a password to a new app/website.

    How to view sites and apps you chose not to save passwords of

    For boosting your security entirely, you might wish to not save passwords of your account on some sites and apps. Google will thus provide you a list of sites and apps you declined to use for saving passwords. You can view this list by following the instructions below:

    Step 1: Open the Google app on your Android phone.

    Step 2: Tap on the More button (3-dot button) at the bottom right.

    Step 3: Hit the down arrow next to your account name.

    Step 4: Tap on Manage your Google Account.

    You will be taken to a new page.

    Step 5: Tap on Get Started.

    Step 6: Slide through the tabs at the top and select the Security tab.

    Step 7: Scroll down the bottom and under ‘Signing in to other sites‘ section, tap on Password Manager.

    Step 8: Tap on the cogwheel icon on the top right.

    You’ll now see a list of sites and apps that you declined to save passwords on.

    Step 9: Tap on Add More to add new websites and apps to the declined list. To remove a site/app from the list, tap on the x-icon adjacent to its listing.

    How to turn on Auto sign-in

    Google’s native password manager not only offers to save your passwords from apps and websites but can also use them to automatically sign you into websites using the stored credentials. If you wish to avoid being asked for confirmation every time before signing in to a website/app, you can switch ON Auto sign-in by following the steps written below.

    Step 1: Open the Google app on your Android phone.

    Step 2: Tap on the More button (3-dot button) at the bottom right.

    Step 3: Hit the down arrow next to your account name.

    Step 4: Tap on Manage your Google Account.

    You will be taken to a new page.

    Step 5: Tap on Get Started.

    Step 6: Slide through the tabs at the top and select the Security tab.

    Step 7: Scroll down the bottom and under ‘Signing in to other sites‘ section, tap on Password Manager.

    Step 8: Tap on the cogwheel icon on the top right.

    Step 9: Under ‘Password Options’, toggle the switch adjacent to Auto sign-in.

    That’s it! From now onwards, every time you’re opening a website or an app that needs you to sign in, Google will enter your credentials and sign in to the service on your behalf, so you can save time and not be repetitively asked to enter your password at a given time.


    Google Sheets Basics – A Guide On How To Use Google Sheets

    In this guide, we’ll teach you how to use all the essential features of Google Sheets so that you can organize your digital marketing efforts, collaborate with teammates, and more (you can even use Google Sheets for tracking with Google Tag Manager).

    So let’s dive in!

    🚨 Note: To use Google Sheets, you’ll need an active Google account. Make sure your account is set up before getting started!

    If you already know that there’s a particular template you want to use, you can select one from the Google templates gallery. You can also create and upload your own templates as you get more familiar with Google Sheets.

    You can name the sheet in the top left corner. Just like any local file on your computer, you should give this sheet an informative name that will help you find it in your Google Drive.

    Convert and Import Other File Types into Google Sheets

    You can simply drag-and-drop or upload files such as Excel or CSV to Google Drive, but you would then need to make a converted copy if you wanted to edit them as a Google Sheet.

    To avoid converting each file manually:

    2. Then, tick the box next to Convert uploaded files to Google Docs editor format. 

    Now, any file added to Google Drive will now be automatically converted to Google format without filling your Drive space with copies.

    A sheet copy will be created in the same folder with the same title, but with the Google Sheets file type.

    Making edits in Google Sheets is really simple, and you don’t have to worry about losing data if something unexpected happens.

    All changes will be saved automatically while your computer is connected to the internet, and you can even enable offline editing that will update the Cloud file once your computer reconnects to the internet.

    You’ll always know how recently your edits were saved by checking the top bar. We can see here that the last save was made recently.

    If you see this message, you don’t have to worry about saving.

    Then, you can select any color swatch to help highlight the sheet tab at the bottom of your screen.

    Navigate and Organize Data with Columns and Rows

    Each sheet is just a grid of cells organized by columns and rows. Columns are labeled alphabetically, and rows are labeled numerically.

    In each cell, you can input data or calculations. Each cell is labeled with an index to identify it separately from the data it contains. The cell index is a combination of the indexes of columns and rows.

    For example, the cell below is indexed as B2.

    A cell’s index is important for formulas and functions, which can automatically make calculations with cell data, even if that data changes (since the index will remain the same) — more on this later.

    Hiding a row can be useful if you have lots of data that you need to keep but isn’t always relevant or useful. This can help you skip old data entries whenever you open the sheet if you only need to check newer data.

    Grouping rows or columns can serve a similar purpose as the hiding option.

    Create a Database with Google Sheets

    There are two ways of inputting data into an individual cell. Simply type into the cell directly, or select the cell and type in the function field (labeled fx).

    The function field is especially useful when you want to use either long strings of text or formulas.

    Let’s demonstrate with some basic data for a clothing store. (I find it helpful to bold the headers across the top of each column.)

    You can freeze the first row by pulling the horizontal marker down from the top left corner. You’ll know that the row is frozen because of the bold marker in between the first and second rows.

    You can also add a background color to cells. This doesn’t affect the data at all, but colors can be visually helpful when reading data.

    Some Useful Shortcuts, Navigation, and Selection Hotkeys

    Wanna go fast? Here are some of the most common and useful shortcuts in Google Sheets:

    For Mac:

    For Windows:

    Note that if you copy more than one cell, those cells will keep their formatting when pasted. (More on this in the Special Paste Functions section of this guide.)

    As you can see, it has the same structure and format. 

    If you want to paste as plain text, you can use ⌘ / Ctrl + Shift + V.

    Format Data and Cells

    You can adjust the data formatting of selected cells by using the Format menu. This is useful if you want to consistently present a column as currency or date, or if you want to apply dynamic colors or font effects. 

    For example, let’s say that in this clothing shop’s database we want to format all prices to display as dollar values. Under Format → Number, select the Currency option to display the value in dollars and cents.

    Note that you can also increase or decrease the number of decimal places in the menu bar. However, for currency, you’ll probably want to leave this at its default.

    Basic Organization Features in Google Sheets Text Wrapping

    In some situations, your data entries are so large that they don’t fit inside individual cells.

    Sometimes you’ll just expand your column width to accommodate this, but sometimes you’ll want to keep narrower columns. In this case, you have a couple of options to make your data easier to use depending on your situation.

    Overflow is pictured above, where the data string will continue past the column border into adjacent empty columns (until it runs into a column that contains data, where it will stop).

    Wrap will expand the cell vertically to accommodate the data string. In other words, it will respect the column borders and continue the data string on a new line, making the entire row taller.

    Special Paste Functions

    As mentioned before, Google Sheets will copy both data fields and formatting by default.

    As you can see, there are different ways of pasting. Some of these are relatively self explanatory. Paste values only will paste only the displayed value from the copied cell, regardless of any functions or formulas used in the copied cell.

    Paste format only will paste only the formatting rules without the data, while Paste all except borders pastes, data, and all formatting that excludes cell borders (which can include line widths and colors). Finally, Paste column widths only is useful for making the grid more spatially uniform.

    However, some of these paste functions are less intuitive. For example, Paste transposed will switch the columns and rows of the data.

    Organize and Merge Cells

    You can rearrange entire rows and columns that are already populated with data.

    You can select whether you want to merge a whole block of cells both vertically and horizontally, or choose a group of cells to merge only by row or column.

    Once the cells have been merged, you’ll notice that there are no more lines between them. The data is shared in that cell between rows or columns.

    Google Sheets aligns numbers on the right and text on the left on its own, but you can change the alignment of the cells if you’d like.

    Sort and Organize Data by Values

    To analyze or summarize your data, it’s useful to be able to see it sorted by the actual data values. For example, you might want it in chronological order, or descending price order, or alphabetical order.

    To do this, select the column by which you would like to sort. Then, under the Data menu, you can choose to sort either ascending or descending, and either the whole sheet or just the selected range.

    So what’s the difference?

    In the example below, the sheet below was sorted alphabetically by column A. This pulled the header down into the data (although you can avoid this by freezing the top row). Sorting the whole sheet is useful when you want all of your data organized in a particular way.

    If you only want to sort part of your data, then you can Sort range instead of Sort sheet. This will sort only your selected range, which is useful if you have subheadings throughout your sheet for groups of related items.

    Calculations and Data Analysis in Google Sheets Basic Math Operations

    In Google Sheets, you can use all regular math operators in the function field: addition + , subtraction – , multiplication * , and division / .

    These math operations will update the value of a cell automatically if the data in related cells changes, which makes them great for automating data like revenue totals.

    To demonstrate, let’s calculate the total revenue for each product at our sample clothing store by multiplying each product’s price with the quantity sold. 

    In this case, we want the final formula to read =B2*C2, using a star ( * ) as the multiplication operator. This will multiply the value in cell B2 by the value in cell C2, displaying the product in our selected formula cell E2.

    This means that the formula in cell E3 will read =B3*C3, the formula in cell E4 will be =B4*C4, and so on.

    💡 Top Tip: Don’t want to transpose part of the formula? Add a dollar sign ( $ ) before the column index, row index, or both to freeze that index value. For example, the formula =F2*$G$2 would transpose the F2 index when pasted to another cell, but not the G2 index.

    You can combine numerical values with cell indices in your calculations.

    Let’s say that you want to add a shipping cost to each order of products in a separate column. You can select the cell index for the product order total (E2) and add it to a numeric value.

    Use Functions to Analyze Data

    Some of the most commonly useful functions include SUM, AVERAGE, COUNT, MAX, and MIN. Once you understand how these work, you should be able to figure out how to use other functions, too.

    Let’s try using the AVERAGE function for the same cells. You can select AVERAGE from the Functions menu, or you can simply type =AVERAGE(E2:E5).

    The process is essentially the same for all functions — start with an equal sign and the function name, then simply use a colon to denote the range between two cells (and remember to include parentheses around the range).

    💡 Top Tip: Want to use an entire column in your calculation? Use just the column index on either side of the colon. For example, to sum all values in column A, use the formula =SUM(A:A)

    A small pop-up will open and there you can write your note, which can provide additional detail or context for data.

    You’ll know that a cell has a note attached to it by the small black triangle that appears in the upper right corner. If you hover over that cell, the note will appear.

    Under File, select Download and choose your desired format. Your browser will do the rest and present you with a file in your selected file type. Easy!

    If you have a Google Workspace (formerly G Suite) domain, you will also have the option to specify sharing permissions for other users inside your group.

    FAQ What are some useful shortcuts and hotkeys in Google Sheets? How can I create a database with Google Sheets?

    You can input data into individual cells by typing directly or using the function field. You can format cells and columns, freeze rows, and apply various formatting options.


    Learn How To Download And Run Uninstaller?

    Introduction to Flash Uninstaller

    Flash Uninstaller can be understood as a software program offered by Adobe to uninstall Flash player completely from our computer systems. The reason is that from December 31, 2023, adobe is not supporting this software, which was announced in July 2023. So with Uninstaller, we can easily remove each and every file related to Flash player from our computer system very quickly. Here in this article, we will go through a number of related terms of Uninstaller of Flash player such as the need of uninstalling it, How to download and run abode Uninstaller, and so on. So let me take through all of this information one by one.

    3D animation, modelling, simulation, game development & others

    Uninstall adobe flash

    There must be a question that comes into your mind that why we need to uninstall this software from our computer system, so the reason is that after the end of the life of Flash player means when adobe stopped supporting this software, then no updates and security patches will provide by the end of adobe so for make your computer system secure you need to uninstall it completely.

    Some of the Users who are still using Adobe Flash get reminders from Adobe to Uninstall Flash Player from their computer systems, and the reason is that HTML5, WebAssembly, and WebGL type of Open Standards have the continuous maturing process over the years and become as the best alternatives for Flash content. Not only this reason but major browsers vendors also deprecate most of the plugins like Flash Player to make their user interface more and more better. So I think this is why we have to uninstall adobe flash from our computer.

    After discussing about the need for uninstallation, it is necessary to tell you how we can do this uninstalling process of adobe Flash for our computer system. So now let us go through the steps for downloading as well as well running process of Uninstaller of Adobe Flash.

    Download and Run the uninstaller

    For having uninstaller in your computer system, you need to go through the following steps:

    Before we start running this application, we must go through one more step, which is very necessary, and this step is to close all browsers that are open in your computer system because adobe uninstaller will not work if any browser is open. So go to the browser and close all tabs. If you want to save something before closing tabs on the browser, then you can do that first, and after that, close all browsers’ tabs.

    Not only browsers, but we also have to close other programs using Flash if they are opened before running the process of Uninstaller. So go to the task bar and check the entire opened program, then close it (if any).

    It will start processing the Uninstallation process like this.

    After a few seconds, it will ask you to restart your computer system to complete the uninstallation process.

    After restarting your computer system, you can open your browser to check the Flash Player status.

    Conclusion – Flash Uninstaller

    I am sure now you know why it becomes necessary to uninstall adobe flash player from your computer systems and the steps for doing this. It will be good to uninstall Flash player as soon as possible as per adobe instructions for securing your computer system, and after going through this article, you know that it is very easy to do this with Adobe Flash Uninstaller.

    Recommended Articles

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    Update the detailed information about How To Run Stable Diffusion On Google Colab (Automatic1111) on the website. We hope the article's content will meet your needs, and we will regularly update the information to provide you with the fastest and most accurate information. Have a great day!