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How does Microsoft 365 compare with Google Workplace? Which one is better, one of the hottest questions in the world has an answer. And in this article, we are going to find that. They both have dozens of similarities but there are enough differences that can appeal to a certain audience.

Microsoft 365 vs Google Workplace

Both Microsoft 365 (formerly Office 365) and Google Workspace (formerly G Suite) are some of the best productivity software in the market and you can not go wrong with either of them. Both of them have essential software such as Cloud Storage, Document Creation, etc that can help you in efficiently managing your professional life.

Some of the similarities between Microsoft 365 and Google Workplace are:

Video Conferencing

Calendar Management

Document, SpreadSheet, and Presentation

File Management

Teams

Cloud Service

Even though they both do the same thing but the experience may vary depending as they both have some similarities as well as some different tools.

Fun Fact: another similarity between the two is that they both underwent a name change, Microsoft 365 was earlier called Office 365, however, Google Workplace was called G Suite.

We are going to compare these two on the following grounds:

Document Creation: Word vs Docs

SpreadSheet: Excel vs Sheets

Presentation: PowerPoint vs Slides

Business Email: Outlook vs Gmail

Cloud Storage: OneDrive vs Google Drive

Pricing

Let us discuss them in detail.

Document Creation: Word vs Docs

On the other hand, Google Docs is a younger and lighter alternative to MS Words. It has new features such as collaboration that allow multiple people to work on a document. They have most of the features similar to MS Word and can be a good alternative for light users.

That being said, MS Word is clearly the more powerful software, it has more tools and features that a professional can find useful. However, you have to decide whether you give more value to productivity or collaboration because if MS Word is focused on the prior, Docs is better for collaboration.

SpreadSheet: Excel vs Sheets

An app to manage records and do some mathematical calculations is a must-have for almost all types of businesses, therefore, both Microsoft 365 and Google Workplace offers their version of SpreadSheet apps, Excel and Sheet respectively.

Google on the other hand has built a simple solution that just works. They do not have any tools like Excel but most users do not use them. However, we need to admit that Google is catching up, they are closing in, but they need to improve quite a lot to compete with MS Excel.

That being said, we can not choose a clear winner here. Google Sheet lacks some essential features but at the same time, they are better suited for collaboration which can be important for some people. MS Excel does all the thing Sheet excluding collaboration on top of some Excel exclusive features.

Slideshow Presentation: PowerPoint vs Slides

One can not climb the corporate ladder without good SlideShow Presentation software, lucky for you, both Google and Microsoft have created their own versions, Slides and PowerPoint respectively, and they both are great.

Just like Word and Excel, Microsoft’s PowerPoint has been ruling the market for ages. They started as an excellent software to create SlideShow Presentation and have kept on growing. They have animations, transitions, and dozens of different tools to make you and your content stand out from the crowd.

On the other hand, Google’s Slides is a decent software to create Slideshow Presentation. They probably have the best collaboration tool in the market but they can’t compete with MS PowerPoint when it comes to variety. It’s not like they don’t have adequate tools, it’s just the fact Microsoft is so far ahead of the competition that they both are somewhat incomparable.

So, we can say that MS PowerPoint is a clear winner in the battle. That being said, you won’t go wrong by choosing Slides to create a simple SlideShow Presentation.

Business Email: Outlook vs Gmail

It may seem like Microsoft is going to sweep all the land in this war between Microsoft 365 and Google Workplace. But this is the section where Google Workplace is starting to regain some ground.

Outlook is good and probably one of the most famous mailing services in the market. They have 50GB of storage capacity (without the inclusion of attachment). With a maximum file size of 150 MB and a recipient count of 500 Outlook is a decent option for a business email.

That being said, Gmail probably is the superior of the two. They have billions of active users all around the world. One can send a mail to 500 people at a time, however, the maximum file size is just 25 MB but one can send bigger files as a Google Drive attachment.

MS Outlook is a decent option for Business Email but Gmail is the better of the two.

Cloud Storage: OneDrive vs Google Drive

Cloud Storage is very important in this world of the Internet. It has replaced most of the physical storage devices such as Pendrive, DVD, HDD, etc. Therefore, choosing a Cloud Storage service is very important.

Microsoft OneDrive is one of the best cloud storage services in the market. They give 1TB for personal cloud storage. However, the capacity can be increased by opting for a five-user Enterprise account.

Google Drive is one of the most popular cloud storage services because of the popularity of Android Smartphones and Tablets. They offer 30 GB to Basic accounts and unlimited storage to Business and Enterprise subscription plans (they should have at least 5 users).

One can not go wrong with either of the two. To pick the best one you need to check the pricing. While discussing Cloud Storage we must consider the fact that most Android phones use Google Drive except for Samsung as they are one of the very few phone manufacturers using OneDrive as their backup system.

Pricing

Pricing is an important factor that can shape your decision. However, it is not as simple as the other factors discussed in this article.

Google Workplace Pricing

Google has tried to simplify its subscription services for you without compromising on options. They have four plans:

Business Starter: At $6 per user per month you will get a custom email, video meeting service with a maximum of 100 participants, 30 GB cloud storage per user, and many more.

Business Standard: At $12 per user per month you will get a custom email, video meeting with a maximum of 150 participants with the option to record the meeting, 1 TB cloud storage per user, and many more.

Business Plus: At $18 per user per month you will get a custom email, eDiscovery, 250 participants video conferencing with recording and attendance tracking, 5 TB cloud storage, and many more.

Enterprise – Custom pricing and tools.

All the Google Workplace plans come with different services that may appeal to different audiences.

Microsoft 365 Pricing

Microsoft has a very complex pricing structure that may confuse you a bit, but the upside is that you get a lot more options to choose from. Let’s simplify it a bit:

Microsoft 365 Business Basic: At $5 per month you will get a business email, OneDrive cloud storage, Teams, web and mobile version of Word, PowerPoint, Excel, and Outlook.

Microsoft 365 Apps: At $8.25 a month you will get 1 TB of OneDrive cloud service, Offline version of Word, PowerPoint, Excel, Outlook, Publisher, Access, and many more.

Microsoft 365 Business Standard: At $12.50 a month you will get an Offline version of Word, PowerPoint, Excel, Outlook, Publisher, Access, and web services such as OneDrive cloud storage, Team, SharePoint, Exchange, and many more.

Microsoft 365 Business Premium: At $20 a month it has all the features that its cheaper version has such as Offline version of Word, PowerPoint, Excel, Outlook, Publisher, Access, and web services such as OneDrive cloud storage, Team, SharePoint, Exchange plus some exclusive tools such as Intune and Azure Information Protection.

Microsoft 365 E1: At $10 a month we have a basic solution for Enterprises. With this pack, you will get 1 TB of OneDrive Cloud Storage and all web and mobile apps of Microsoft 365.

Microsoft 365 E3: At $ 20 a month you will get desktop applications of Microsoft 365, a maximum mailbox size of 100 GB per user, and many other things.

Microsoft 365 F5: At $35 a month you will get all the features of E3 plus enhanced security and video capability.

One thing to note while talking about the Microsoft 365 plans and Microsoft365 Enterprise plans is that they only offer annual subscriptions.

Conclusion

Choosing a clear winner in this battle, Microsoft 365 vs Google Workplace, is not possible. But after looking at their services we have boiled everything down to just one statement. Google Workplace might be better for collaboration whereas Microsoft 365 is better at the rest.

Your views?

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Google Magic Eraser Vs Samsung Object Eraser: Which One Is Better?

Basic object removal

Our first round of testing kicks off with some pretty standard people-erasing in this Deauville seaside shot. Wouldn’t it be nice if the person taking a photo of their own in the background disappeared?

Both phones did a great job of removing the person, although Samsung’s finished product still contains a small shadow. The major differences are in the details, though, and both modes faltered when it came to making the distant background (e.g. the houses and sand pile) look plausible. In saying so, Samsung’s approach makes the background look like it’s been corrupted.

Winner: A close one, but Google wins, by a grain.

Another relatively straightforward test at first glance takes place in this cavernous street art gallery. The most obvious target for removal is the person on the right-hand side of the photo.

Both phones delivered good but not perfect results here, with both Magic Eraser and Samsung’s Object Eraser leaving a telltale shadow where the person was standing. Zoom in on both images and you can also notice some blur in the edited area, with Samsung faring far worse. Both solutions were also smart enough to replicate the lines on the floor, but Magic Eraser delivered sharper results here.

Stepping things up a notch

Both object removal modes did a serviceable job at worst with the above images, but what about more challenging pictures?

Object removal on hard mode

The following images are all more significant challenges for the object-removal technology of today’s smartphones.

Starting with a photo of an artist (Tarja Turunen) partially obscured by a clapping hand, there’s a lot of work in store for Google and Samsung’s object-removal modes. They both failed to reach a high note, but in different ways. Google’s object removal mode didn’t do as good a job of guessing the background as Samsung’s tool. And you can still plainly see the outline of the hand in the finished result.

The final winner?

Hadlee Simons / Android Authority

Both Google and Samsung have powerful object-erasing functionality on their phones. The feature has evidently gone from a novelty years ago to something you can actually use to fix a variety of photos.

It’s also interesting to see how Google and Samsung vary in their approaches to replacing backgrounds. Magic Eraser seems to aggressively guess what should be there and then draws a detailed replacement. This approach can pay dividends when it works, but it can also look horribly weird when it doesn’t.

Google’s Magic Eraser picks up more wins than Samsung’s Object Eraser, but both tools are worth using.

On the other hand, Samsung’s approach often looks like a video game suffering from texture pop-in. In saying so, it looks like the Object Eraser is more adept than Magic Eraser at matching some types of patterns.

Overall, Google’s object-erasing approach was the winner in the majority of our comparisons here (five to three). However, we were pleasantly surprised to see Samsung keep up and even beat Google in a few challenging scenarios.

Frequently asked questions

To use Object Eraser on your Galaxy phone, you need to open the desired picture in your Gallery app, tap the pencil icon to edit it, and then tap the three-dot icon and choose ‘Object eraser.’

Object Eraser is available on a variety of Samsung phones running One UI 3.1 and later, including the Galaxy S10 and newer S series phones, Galaxy Note 20 series, all Galaxy foldables, and several Galaxy A series phones.

Galaxy S8 Vs Lg G6: Which One Is Better

In just two days, Samsung will announce its latest flagship smartphone, the Galaxy S8 and the S8 Plus. How will the Galaxy S8 fare against the recently launched LG G6? Let’s find out.

We’re doing this comparison because almost everything about the Galaxy S8 has already been leaked. The specs, design, features, camera, and even pricing have been leaked. Seems fair that we compare it against the flagship from LG.

Contents show

Design

Specs

Camera

Software

Conclusion

Design

The LG G6 has adopted a brand new design, unlike the modular LG G5 from last year. It looks great in the all metal body and thin bezels in front. It is slim, stylish and well made, much better that the G5. However, the Galaxy S8 design looks much better to be honest.

The Galaxy S8 pretty much has the same design as last years S7 and S7 Edge, but with some major changes in the front. First of all, the bezels are super thin and the display has much more rounded edges. There is no Home button, because the bezels are too thin.

Both the LG G6 and Galaxy S8 have displays that aren’t standard, but that’s okay, as it looks great and provides more screen estate without increasing the overall footprint of the device.

Specs

Coming to the specs, in most aspects, we believe the Galaxy S8 will be much better than the LG G6. One main important reason is the Snapdragon 835 chipset. The LG G6 had to make do with the SD 821 processor.

The Snapdragon 835 chipset is much more efficient and more powerful than the 821. That alone is enough to give the S8 an edge over the G6. Other specs are mostly similar. Both have Quad-HD displays, 4GB of RAM, similar storage options, long lasting batteries, IP68 rating, etc.

The LG G6 has a 5.7-inch display with 18:9 ratio, while the Galaxy S8 has been reported to include a 5.8-inch WQHD+ display with an odd ratio as well.

However, the LG G6 has a quad DAC, and we haven’t really heard much about a quad DAC on the S8. Yes there was a rumor long ago, but that was about it. So, in the audio department, the G6 will be better.

Camera

Samsung has decided to go with a single 12MP rear camera with dual pixels on the Galaxy S8. The LG G6, on the other hand, has dual 13MP cameras at the rear and it takes really good pictures. But experts are saying that the camera on G6 is not even on par with LG’s own V20 smartphone which released last year.

The dual-cameras on the LG G6 can do a lot more than just take normal great looking photos. One of them has a wide-angle lens, whereas the other has optical image stabilization.

Still, we can’t be entirely sure about what Samsung has under its sleeve with the Galaxy S8 camera. The Galaxy S7 had a great camera, so it is only going to get better with the S8. We won’t have to wait much longer to find out though.

At the front, the LG G6 features a 5MP wide-angle camera, whereas the Galaxy S8 is supposed to come with an 8MP camera. Probably best to say the S8 will take better selfies.

Software

LG had to work on its LG UX software and develop it from scratch for the G6. This was because of the 18:9 aspect ratio of the LG G6 display. And the new UX 6.0 is great, it’s cleaner and much smoother than before. There’s plenty of features in the camera app as well. The phone runs on Android 7.0 Nougat and features the Google Assistant.

With Samsung, you can expect the same UX as it was on the Galaxy S7, with a taste of Nougat of-course. You’ll find features such as the ability to change the display DPI, and more. Samsung is also going to include their own personal assistant called Bixby.

Conclusion

The LG G6 is a truly worthy flagship and it ticks all the right boxes. It is a great buy and if you’re thinking of buying one, you definitely should. LG has done a spectacular job with the G6 and it shows. However, the Galaxy S8 is just around the corner, and it too, is going to be an amazing smartphone. We should also point out that Samsung has a lot more followers and fanbase than LG does, so the S8 will definitely sell better. Both the LG G6 and the Galaxy S8 are worthy of being called flagships. Which one would you have? 

Python Vs Scala For Apache Spark: Which Is Better?

What is Python?

Python language is a high-level, interpreted object-oriented programming language widely used for developing applications in various domains. It was created by Guido van Rossum in the late 1980s and has since become one of the most popular languages in the world. Python’s syntax is easy to read and learn, making it an excellent language for beginners. It has a vast standard library and many third-party modules that make it useful for a wide range of tasks, including web development, scientific computing, data engineering, and artificial intelligence. Python language is open-source and runs on multiple platforms, including Windows, macOS, and Linux.

It is not easy to become a python developer. Many python developers or students write codes without following good practices. Here are some best practices for python developers!

What is Scala?

Scala is a modern, multi-paradigm programming language designed to run on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). It was created in 2003 by Martin Odersky and has gained popularity in recent years due to its functional programming capabilities, concise syntax, and powerful type system. Scala combines object-oriented and functional programming paradigms, allowing developers to write concise, expressive, highly scalable, and performant code. It is commonly used for building large-scale, distributed systems, web applications, and data processing applications. Scala also has interoperability with Java, allowing developers to use existing Java libraries and tools within Scala applications.

Also Read: 21 Steps to Get Started with Apache Spark using Scala for Software Development

What is Apache Spark?

Apache Spark is an open-source, distributed computing system designed for processing large-scale data types across clusters of computers. It was created in 2009 by Matei Zaharia and is now maintained by the Apache Software Foundation. Spark provides a powerful engine for processing data in parallel, with support for programming languages like Java, Scala, and Python languages. Spark’s core engine is built around a distributed data processing framework called Resilient Distributed Datasets (RDDs), allowing fast and fault-tolerant data processing. Spark also includes several higher-level APIs for data processing, including SQL, streaming, machine learning, and graph processing. It has become a popular big data processing and analysis tool in many industries.

Difference Between Python and Scala

Python and Scala are important functional languages that help not only in Software Development but also in Data Science. Another Java programming language that is important for Data Science is Haddop. To know more about it, check out our article on Introduction to Hadoop Ecosystem!

Python vs. Scala: Purpose

Python is a general-purpose language used for various tasks, including scripting, web development, data analysis, scientific computing, machine learning, and more. Python’s versatility makes it popular for beginners and experienced developers.

Scala, on the other hand, is also a general-purpose language but is specifically designed for building large-scale distributed systems, web applications, and data processing. Scala’s focus on scalability, fault tolerance, and performance makes it a popular choice for big data processing and analysis and for building microservices and distributed systems.

While Python language is more widely used across different domains, Scala is especially suited for building complex distributed systems that require high performance and scalability.

Syntax Difference in Python and Scala

Python has a simple and readable syntax, focusing on code readability and simplicity. It uses indentation to define code blocks and has a minimalistic approach to coding style. Python code is easy to read and learn, making it an excellent language for beginners.

Scala, however, has a more complex syntax than Python, with a strong focus on functional programming paradigms. It uses a concise syntax that includes many symbols and operators, which can be challenging for beginners. Scala code also tends to be more verbose than Python code, although its functional programming features can help reduce boilerplate code.

While Python has a more straightforward syntax, Scala’s concise syntax with a strong focus on functional programming paradigms can help build complex distributed systems and data processing applications.

Source: GitconnectedSource: Scala Documentation

Python vs. Scala: Typing

Python is a dynamically typed language, meaning variable types are not required to be declared explicitly, and their type can change at runtime. This makes Python more flexible and easier for quick prototyping and scripting tasks. However, dynamic typing can also lead to hard-to-find bugs and slower performance.

Scala, on the other hand, is a statically typed language, meaning that variable types must be declared at compile-time errors and cannot be changed at runtime. This makes Scala more restrictive than Python but also catches compile-time errors, making it easier to write reliable and maintainable code. Static typing also enables Scala to compile-time errors and run faster than Python programming.

Overall, Python’s dynamic typing makes it easier to write code quickly for programmers, while Scala’s static typing makes it easier to write reliable and performant code. The choice between dynamic and static typing largely depends on the nature of the project and personal preference.

Source:ResearchGateSource: Digital Ocean

Python vs. Scala for Apache Spark: Performance

Scala and Python have different performance characteristics due to their implementation and design choices.

Python is an interpreted language, meaning the interpreter executes the code without requiring a compilation step. This makes Python very flexible, easy to use, and slower than compiled languages. Furthermore, Python’s dynamic typing and garbage collection can add overhead, leading to slower execution times.

Scala, on the other hand, is a compiled language that runs on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). The Scala compiler optimizes the code and generates bytecode that runs on the JVM, which provides additional optimizations such as just-in-time (JIT) compilation. Additionally, Scala’s static typing and functional programming features make it easier to write code that can be optimized by the compiler, leading to faster execution times.

Scala is faster than Python due to its compiled nature, static typing, and support for functional programming paradigms. However, Python’s ease of use for programmers and flexibility make it popular for quick prototyping and scripting tasks where performance is not critical.

Scala vs. Python: Libraries

Python has a large standard library and an extensive ecosystem of third-party libraries, making it easy to find and use for various tasks, such as web development, data analysis, machine learning, and more. Many popular data analysis and machine learning libraries, such as NumPy, Pandas, and Scikit-learn, are in Python.

Scala’s standard library is smaller than Python’s, but Scala has excellent interoperability with Java, which means it can leverage the vast array of Java libraries available. This is particularly useful for building large-scale distributed systems and web applications, where Java libraries are often used. Scala also has its ecosystem of libraries, including Akka for building highly concurrent and distributed systems and Spark for large-scale data processing and machine learning.

While Python has a more extensive library ecosystem, Scala’s interoperability with Java and specialized libraries makes it well-suited for building large-scale distributed systems and data processing applications for programmers.

Python vs. Scala for Apache Spark

Scala, on the other hand, has excellent support for concurrency through its use of actors, independent entities that communicate by exchanging messages. The Akka library provides a powerful and flexible implementation of actors to build highly concurrent and distributed systems.

Python vs. Scala: Learning Curve

Thanks to its simple and readable syntax, and large and supportive community, Python has a relatively gentle learning curve. Python’s focus on code readability and simplicity makes it a great language for beginners and quick prototyping tasks. Additionally, Python’s extensive documentation and a large ecosystem of libraries and frameworks make it easy to find resources and tools to help learn the language.

Scala, on the other hand, has a steeper learning curve due to its more complex syntax and functional programming concepts. Scala requires a good understanding of programming paradigms such as functional and object-oriented programming, making it more challenging for beginners. However, once you have learned these concepts, Scala’s expressiveness and ability to handle complex data processing and distributed computing tasks make it a powerful language.

Python has a lower learning curve than Scala due to its simple syntax, large community, and extensive documentation. Scala requires a good understanding of programming concepts and may be more challenging for beginners. However, Scala’s expressive power and ability to handle complex tasks make it an attractive choice for those willing to invest in learning it.

Also Read: Journey from a Python Noob to a Kaggler on Python in Software Development

Benefits of Python

Python has several benefits that make it a popular language for a wide range of applications:

Easy to Learn: Python has a simple and easy-to-learn syntax, which makes it an excellent language for beginners and those who want to learn to program quickly.

Large Community and Extensive Library Ecosystem: Python has a large and supportive community and a vast ecosystem of libraries and frameworks for various tasks such as web development, data analysis, machine learning, and more.

Versatility: Python can be used for various applications, including web development, scientific computing, data analysis, machine learning, and more.

Rapid Prototyping: Python’s ease of use and versatility make it ideal for rapid prototyping, enabling developers to test ideas quickly and build proofs-of-concept.

Interpreted Language: Python is an interpreted language, meaning compilation is unnecessary, making it easy to use and flexible.

Who is Python Best Suited For?

Python suits many users, including beginners, scientists, data analysts, machine learning engineers, web developers, and so many more. Due to its versatility and ease of use, Python programming is an excellent choice for anyone looking to learn programming, prototype quickly, or build production-grade applications.

Main Benefits of Scala: Who is Scala Best Suited For?

Scala has several benefits that make it a popular language for a wide range of applications:

Strongly Typed Language: Scala is a strongly typed language that provides type safety, which can help prevent bugs and improve code quality.

Functional Programming Capabilities: Scala is an available programming language that supports immutability, higher-order functions, and other functional programming concepts. This can help simplify code and make it more expressive.

Interoperability with Java: Scala is interoperable with Java, meaning that it can use Java libraries and frameworks. This makes Scala an excellent choice for developers familiar with Java who want to leverage their existing skills.

Excellent Support for Concurrency: Scala has excellent support for concurrency through its use of actors and the Akka library, making it a perfect choice for building highly concurrent and distributed systems.

Expressiveness: Scala’s expressive syntax and concise code make it an excellent choice for building complex applications.

Scala is best suited for experienced developers familiar with programming paradigms such as functional and object-oriented programming. Due to its strong typing, functional programming capabilities, and excellent support for concurrency, Scala is a perfect choice for building large-scale distributed systems and data engineering applications.

Additionally, Scala is an excellent choice for developers who want to leverage their existing Java skills and build highly concurrent and distributed applications.

Tutorials are beneficial because they offer a structured way to learn new skills, allowing individuals to access information at their own pace. They can also provide step-by-step guidance, interactive exercises, and the ability to ask questions. Overall, tutorials can be an effective way to learn and acquire new knowledge. Check out our exclusive tutorials on Python and Scala! If you want to check out small-scale projects in Spark, refer to this article here.

Conclusion

Python and Scala are popular programming languages for Apache Spark-based big data analytics. While Python engineering is easy to learn, flexible, and has a vast library of data engineering tools and frameworks, Scala is a strongly-typed language that can offer better performance and scalability in large-scale distributed systems. Ultimately, the choice between Python and Scala for Apache Spark depends on the specific needs and requirements of the project, as well as the preferences and expertise of the data scientists and engineers involved. Therefore, it is essential to carefully consider the pros and cons of each language and choose the one that best fits your use case.

Looking to become an expert in Apache Spark-based big data analytics? Look no further than Analytics Vidhya’s comprehensive courses! With our courses, you can equip yourself with the skills and knowledge needed to master Apache Spark and make the most of big data analytics. Whether you’re a beginner just starting or an experienced data professional looking to level up your skills, we have courses tailored to meet your needs. With various interactive and engaging course materials, expert instructors, and hands-on projects to apply your learning, Analytics Vidhya is the perfect place to take your Apache Spark-based big data analytics skills to the next level. So why wait? Enroll in one of our courses today and start your journey toward becoming an Apache Spark expert!

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. Which is better? Python or Scala?

A. Choosing between Python and Scala depends on the use case and personal preferences. Python is popular for being user-friendly, its simplicity, vast libraries, and versatility, while Scala is powerful for building distributed systems with a strong type of system.

Q2. Is Scala faster than Python?

A. Scala programming language can be faster than Python for certain use cases, especially those that require high-performance computing, concurrency, and parallelism. However, Python’s vast array of libraries and frameworks can make it more convenient and efficient for certain tasks, such as data engineering and machine learning.

Q3. What is the best language to use for Apache Spark?

A. Scala is the best language to use for Apache Spark due to its concise syntax, strong type system, and functional programming features, which allow for efficient and scalable distributed computing. However, Python is also a popular language for Spark due to its ease of use and extensive libraries.

Q4.Can you use Python in Apache Spark?

A. Yes, Python is useable for Apache Spark through the PySpark API, which provides a Python interface to Spark. PySpark allows users to write Spark applications in Python programming, including Spark SQL, machine learning, and graph processing. While Scala is the primary language for Spark, PySpark has become increasingly popular due to Python’s ease of use and its vast array of libraries.

Q5. What are data structures in Apache spark?

A. Data structures in Apache Spark are collections of data that are organized in a specific way to allow for efficient processing. These include Resilient Distributed Datasets (RDDs), data frames, Datasets, and Graphs. These data structures provide a powerful set of tools for processing and analyzing large-scale data sets efficiently and in parallel across a cluster of nodes.

Related

Em Client Vs. Thunderbird: Which One Should You Use?

If you’re a typical computer user, you check your email every day. That’s a lot of time to spend in your email app, so choose a good one. You need an email client that helps you keep on top of your growing inbox while keeping you safe from dangerous or unwanted messages.

eM Client is a modern, attractive program for Mac and Windows with an unimaginative name. It offers tons of features that will speed up your workflow and help you organize your email. The app includes productivity tools such as a calendar, task manager, and more. eM Client was the runner-up in our Best Email Client for Windows guide. My colleague has given it a thorough review, which you can read here.

Thunderbird was released way back in 2004 by Mozilla, the developer of the Firefox web browser. As a result, it looks quite dated. It offers chat, contacts, and calendar modules in a tabbed interface. A host of add-ons are available, extending the functionality of the app even further. It’s free, open-source, and works on most desktop platforms.

Both of these apps are great—but how do they stack up against each other?

1. Supported Platforms

eM Client offers versions for Windows and Mac. Thunderbird is also available for Linux. Neither app has a mobile version.

Winner: Tie. Both apps work on Windows and Mac. Linux users will have to go with Thunderbird.

2. Ease of Setup

Setting up email software can get tricky. These apps rely on several technical mail server settings. Fortunately, email clients are getting smarter and do much of the work for you, including automatically detecting and configuring server settings.

eM Client’s setup process consists of simple steps, starting with some easy questions. First, you’re asked to select a theme.

Next, you enter your email address. The app will then automatically take care of your server settings. Your account details are filled in automatically. You can change them if you wish.

Next, you’re asked to set up encryption, a security feature we’ll come back to later. You have two final decisions: whether you want to change your avatar and add the services you want to use.

To wrap up the setup procedure, you must provide a password. That’s a little long-winded compared with other email clients, but none of those decisions are difficult. Once done, eM Client will be set up to your taste, saving you time later.

Thunderbird is also easy to set up, keeping the questions to a minimum. I was asked to enter my name, email address, and password. All other settings were automatically detected for me.

Setup finished! I was saved the trouble of having to decide on a layout right away, something I could customize later from the View menu.

Winner: Tie. Both programs automatically detected and configured my email settings based on my email address.

3. User Interface

eM Client will help you work through your inbox quickly. One handy feature is Snooze, which temporarily removes an email from your inbox until you have time to deal with it. By default, that’s 8:00 AM the next day, but you can customize the time or date.

You can choose when replies and new emails are sent using Send Later. Just select the desired date and time from a pop-up window.

It offers to save space by removing duplicates of emails, events, tasks, and contacts. It can also automatically reply to incoming emails, which is particularly handy if you’re away on vacation.

Thunderbird is similarly powerful. You can add even more features via the use of add-ons. Here are a couple of examples:

Nostalgy and GmailUI add some of Gmail’s unique features, including its keyboard shortcuts.

The Send Later extension allows you to send an email at a specified date and time.

Winner: Tie. eM Client has a modern feel and rich features. While Thunderbird doesn’t look as clean, it has a rich ecosystem of add-ons that allow you to highly customize what it’s capable of.

4. Organization & Management

Like most of you, I have tens of thousands of emails archived. We need an email client that helps us find and organize them.

eM Client uses folders, tags, and flags. You can flag messages that need urgent attention, add tags to them (such as “Urgent,” “Fred,”f “Project XYZ”), and add structure with folders.

That sounds like a lot of work. Fortunately, you can automate much of this using Rules, one of eM Client’s most powerful features. Rules allow you to control when an action is carried out on a message, starting with a template.

I had to change to a light theme because the rule preview was unreadable with a dark one. Here are the criteria you can specify when defining which messages will be acted on:

Whether the rule is applied to incoming or outgoing mail

The senders and recipients

Words contained in the subject line

Words contained in the body of the email

Words found in the header

And here are the actions that will be automatically done to those messages:

Move it to a folder

Move it to Junk E-Mail

Set a tag

Using rules like these can save a lot of time—your inbox will practically organize itself. However, I find eM Client’s rules more limited and harder to set up than other apps such as Thunderbird.

eM Client’s search is extremely well put-together. In the search bar on the top-right of the screen, you can simply type a word or phrase. Whether the search term is in the email’s subject or body, eM Client will find it. Alternatively, more complex search queries allow you to better define what you are looking for. For example, ”subject:security” will only find messages where the word “security” is on the subject line rather than the email itself.

Advanced Search offers a visual interface for creating complex search queries.

Finally, if you need to perform a search regularly, create a Search Folder. These folders appear in the navigation bar. While they look like folders, they actually perform a search each time you access them.

Thunderbird also offers folders, tags, flags, and rules. I find Thunderbird’s rules more comprehensive and easier to create than eM Client’s. Actions include tagging, forwarding, setting priorities, copying or moving to a folder, and much more.

In the screenshot above, you see a search with three criteria:

The word “Haro” in the title

The word “headphones” in the message body

The message was sent after the date

The Save as Search Folder button at the bottom of the screen achieves the same result as eM Client’s similarly-named feature covered above.

5. Security Features

Don’t assume that email is a secure form of communication. Your messages are routed between various mail servers in plain text. Sensitive content may be seen by others.

There are also security concerns about the messages you receive. About half of those messages will be spam. A sizable portion of those might be phishing schemes where hackers attempt to fool you into giving up personal information. Finally, email attachments may be infected with malware.

Both eM Client and Thunderbird scan for junk mail messages. If any are missed, you can send them to the junk folder manually, and the app will learn from your input.

eM Client supports PGP out of the box. You’re invited to set it up when you install the program.

Thunderbird requires some additional setup:

Install GnuPG (GNU Privacy Guard), a separate application that’s free and makes PGP available on your computer

Install Enigmail, an add-on that lets you use PGP from within Thunderbird

Winner: Tie. Both apps offer similar security features, including a spam filter, the blocking of remote images, and PGP encryption.

6. Integrations

eM Client integrates calendar, contacts, tasks, and notes modules that can be displayed full-screen with icons at the bottom of the navigation bar. They can also be displayed in a sidebar while you work on your email.

Thunderbird offers similar modules, including calendars, task management, contacts, and chat. External calendars can be connected using CalDAV. Emails can be converted to events or tasks.

Additional integration can be added with add-ons. For example, you can forward emails to Evernote or upload attachments to Dropbox.

Winner: Thunderbird. Both apps offer an integrated calendar, task manager, and contacts module. Thunderbird adds flexible integration with other apps and services through add-ons.

7. Pricing & Value

eM Client offers a free version for individuals. However, it’s limited to two email accounts on a single device. It also lacks features like Notes, Snooze, Send Later, and Support.

Thunderbird is an open-source project, which means it’s absolutely free to use and distribute.

Winner: Thunderbird is free.

Final Verdict

Any email client makes it easy to read and reply to your email—but you need more. You need help organizing and finding your emails, security features that weed out dangerous messages, and integration with other apps and services.

eM Client and Thunderbird are two very similar applications—one new and one old. eM Client looks minimal and modern, while Thunderbird is a little old-school. But they offer a similar range of features:

They both run on Windows and Mac (Thunderbird will also run on Linux).

They both offer customization options such as themes and dark mode.

They both let you organize your messages using folders, tags, and flags, and offer powerful rules that will do so automatically.

They both offer powerful search features, including search folders.

They both filter out junk mail and will learn from your input.

They both block remote images so that spammers won’t know your email address is genuine.

They both allow you to send encrypted messages using PGP.

They both integrate with calendars and task managers.

How can you decide between two similar applications? First, there are a few significant differences:

eM Client looks modern and pleasing. Thunderbird is more about function than form.

eM Client has strong features that help you plow through your inbox more efficiently, while Thunderbird has a rich ecosystem of add-ons that allow you to extend what the app can do.

eM Client will cost you $50, while Thunderbird won’t cost you a cent.

While you’re considering those differences, give both applications a fair evaluation. eM Client offers a free 30-day trial, and Thunderbird is free to use.

Chrome Vs Firefox: Which Is Better On Windows Pc?

Chrome or Firefox? Which one is better for use on Windows 11/10? We discuss the main points to find out the key differences between Google Chrome & Mozilla Firefox web browsers. This post is based on my experience as an end-user.

Chrome and Firefox are two popular browsers for Windows computers. These flagship browsers from Google and Mozilla have ruled the market for ages and will continue to dominate the space. However, there’s always one dilemma among users, which one is superior.

Highlights:

Google Chrome is considered a resource hog compared to Mozilla Firefox; we’ll look into it below

Mozilla Firefox is an open-source software browser, while Google Chrome uses different ways to provide users with a faster browsing experience

Folks say the speed of Chrome is better than Firefox as such, but Firefox has improved a lot

Firefox’s interface design makes using it slightly interesting to end users

Google Chrome, on Windows, can cast the whole screen or one of the open tabs to different screens; the feature is not available in Firefox by default

There is no READ view in Google Chrome; Extensions are available, but users must search for different extensions and experiment to see what suits them.

Chrome vs Firefox: Which is better?

Chrome and Firefox are two excellent browsers. You won’t miss out on anything if you pick either of the two browsers. That’s why we need to discuss the nuanced differences and compare them on the following parameters.

1] Chrome vs Firefox: User Interface

Our first point of contact with any piece of software is its UI. Therefore, how good it looks and how easy it is to use plays an important role in picking the go-to browser.

Chrome goes for simplicity, minimalism, and overall clean aesthetics. However, it has many themes and customization features to tailor the UI to your liking. It has many themes and extensions to make the browser suit your taste.

Read: Edge vs Firefox: Which is better for Windows 11

2] Chrome vs Firefox: Privacy and Security

When it comes to privacy and security of the data, no browser explicitly comes out and claims that their browser is not secure. Not only that, both browsers have some integrated security features, the most popular one being private browsing. However, there are some no-to-so obvious differences between the two browsers when it comes to security.

Mozilla, on the other hand, is a nonprofit organization that ensures user security and privacy. They have strict tracking policies and also ensure great customization features.

Therefore, we can say that Firefox is a better browser for the security and privacy of users’ data.

Read: How to best secure web browsers for Windows PC

3] Chrome vs Firefox: Performance and RAM Management

Performance and RAM Management are two different things, but we clubbed them together as in the real world, every browser is powerful.

When it comes to sheer speed and performance, Chrome comes on top. It is built on powerful code and does tasks pretty quickly. The problem that has plagued Chrome users for years is its RAM management. It takes a lot of the system’s resources and cripples the computer. Due to this, the system’s overall performance could take a hit.

Regarding Firefox, the browser takes significantly fewer resources than Chrome.

Considering this, we will go with Firefox on this one.

Read: Chrome vs Edge; Which is better on Windows 11?

4] Chrome vs Firefox: Extensions and Features

Most developers tend to build their extensions for both Chrome and Firefox, that’s because both browsers are popular. However, since Chrome captures the biggest chunk of the browser market, it has the biggest selection of extensions.

Mozilla Firefox has almost all the features of Chrome, if not more. But the one big feature that Firefox lacks is Casting. You cant cast your YouTube or Netflix video on other devices. This may or may not be a deal breaker for you. Firefox also allows its users to create their own extensions using CSS.

Read: Most useful Google Chrome Flag settings for Windows users

5] Chrome vs Firefox: Mobile Support

When it comes to mobile apps, both Chrome and Firefox have a pretty enormous user base. However, the very fact that Google owns Android, and a lot of phones run on Android, gives Google the leverage to preinstall their own app suite, including Chrome, on all Android devices.

Firefox, on the other hand, doesn’t have this luxury. It has to compete with an array of browsers that only enthusiasts download when they need an alternative. This disparity changes the outlook of both these companies toward the user. Chrome values security and easy-of-use the most, whereas, Firefox likes packing the latest features into its browser.

Conclusion

There is little difference in resource consumption and speed when comparing Google Chrome with Mozilla Firefox on Windows 11/10. Things have improved a lot with Firefox. Chrome, however, appears to have become sluggish at times.

Firefox offers good privacy features that can keep user data and experiences private as compared to Chrome.

The main factors for adopting only one of these browsers depend upon how they are intended to use. Suppose a person uses multiple monitors and wants to cast different tabs to different monitors, the person will use Google Chrome rather than searching for a similar extension for Firefox.

There can be no clear verdict in this case as both browsers are pretty good, and one should pick their side, based on what they need, and make their decision based on the parameters mentioned here.

Over to you. Your experience?

Which is the better browser for Windows?

There are a lot of browsers in the market other than the recommended one that is preinstalled on your computer – which is Microsoft Edge. If you are not a fan of the default browser, read our post on the best browsers for Windows computers. You can install and use them the way you were using the default browser.

Which is safer Chrome or Firefox?

When it comes to privacy and security, both Chrome and Firefox try to do their part. However, the best part about Firefox is that it comes preinstalled with a tracker that blocks trackers and scripts such as social media trackers, cross-site tracking cookies, fingerprinting, crypto miners, and more. Chrome doesn’t have any of these features. In that sense, Firefox is slightly ahead of Chrome. If you are still concerned about your privacy check out the list of some of the best Privacy browsers.

Read: Best Chromium-based browsers for Windows.

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