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About Aditya Shrivastava Personal Statistics of Aditya Shrivastava

Born July 21, 1963

Name Aditya Shrivastava

Nickname Not known

Spouse Manasi Srivastava

Children 2

Alma Mater Not known

Zodiac Sign Gemini

Height 5ft 11in (1.80 m)

Weight 75 Kg (165 lbs)

Residence Mumbai, India

Networth Not Known

Early Life of Aditya Shrivastava

Born in Allahabad, India, in 1963.

Attended Allahabad University to pursue graduation.

He did theater plays at Sangeet Samiti, civil lines, Allahabad.

Moved to Delhi in 1989, got involved in theater work at Sri Ram Center Of Performing Arts.

Shekar Kapoor gave him his first break in Bandit Queen as Putti Lal.

Career Timeline

1994: Aditya Shrivastava began his acting career with the movie Bandit Queen.

1998: He starred in the movies Sanshodhan, Hazaar Chaurasi ki Maa, Satya.

1998 – 2023: He started his most popular role as Inspector Abhijeet in C.I.D.

2003: He was seen in the movie Paanch.

2004: He played a supporting role in the movie Lakshya, Deewar.

2005: He was seen in the movie Dansh, Nalaai(Tamil).

2006: He appeared in the movie Corporate.

2009: He was seen in the movie Gulaal, Alwar.

2010: He appeared in the movie Kaalo in the main role.

2023: He appeared in the film Super 30.

2023: He was seen in the film Haseen Dilruba.

5 Best Movies

Year Movie Name Character Name Box Office Collection Result 

1998 Dil Se Terrorist ₹356 crore Blockbuster

2004 Black Friday Nasir Khan ₹181 crore Blockbuster

2009 Gulaal Karan Singh ₹150 crore Flop

2010 Kaalo Sameer ₹120 crore Blockbuster

2023 Super 30 Lallan Singh ₹36 crore Blockbuster

Surprising Facts

Aditya Shrivastava is a famous Indian actor who has been active in the Indian film industry since the late 1980s.

He was born in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India, on July 21, 1963.

He is best known for his roles in films such as Bandit Queen, Satya, Rankh, Sarfarosh, and Paanch.

His performance in the 2000 film Satya earned him a Filmfare Critics Award for Best Actor.

He has also acted in several television serials, such as Buniyaad, Shanti, and Adalat.

In 2013, he was awarded the Padma Shri, India’s fourth highest civilian award, by the Government of India.

Aditya Shrivastava is also an accomplished singer and has released several albums.

He is also the founder of a charitable trust called ‘SPIC-MACAY’, which promotes Indian classical music and culture among youth.


Aditya Shrivastava has earned recognition for his outstanding performances in films such as Satya and Black Friday. He is best known for portraying Senior Inspector Abhijeet in the longest-running television series, C.I.D. Throughout his career, Aditya has received numerous awards and accolades.

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Aditya Shrivastava is an Indian film and television actor who has won several awards for his performances. He has won the National Film Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in Satya. He also won the Screen Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in the same film. He has also been honored with the Kalakar Award for his commendable performance in many television series.


Aditya Shrivastava is an established international film actor known for his critical and commercial success in several notable films. He has made a name for himself through his performances in films such as Dil Se.., Mohandas, Dansh, Satya, Mathrubhumi, Black Friday, and Gulaal, among others. These films have received recognition on the International Film Festivals Circuit and have earned Aditya critical acclaim as a parallel lead. He has also been a part of numerous other films, earning praise from critics for his work. In interviews, Aditya has expressed his preference for non-conventional cinema, as he feels it brings depth to his acting abilities.

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Right To Life And Personal Liberty: Article 21

In the modern world, right to life and personal liberty is one of the most fundamental rights that almost every constitution of this world ensures to the citizen of respective country. It is a natural right that every citizen must have by default.

Right to Life

The creator of India’s constitution drafted Article 21 and included the phrase “right to life,” which signifies that everyone has the right to live their lives freely. By incorporating non-enforceable DPSP into enforceable basic rights, the Supreme Court has recognized and enforced several socioeconomic rights, such as the right to food, health, education, and a means of livelihood, among others.

Articles 21 of the Constitution

Article 21 is at the heart of the Constitution. It is the most natural and forward-thinking clause in our evolving Constitution. Article 21 can only be invoked when the “State,” as defined in Article 12, deprives a person of his “life or personal liberty.” Therefore, a private individual’s infringement of a right is not covered by Article 21.

Article 21 secures two rights:

Right to life and

Right to personal liberty

The Government of India Act of 1935 established Article 21 of the Indian Constitution. It states that no one shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty unless in accordance with the legal procedure. Article 21 is one of the essential rights given to all Indian citizens and is included in Part III of the Indian Constitution. This article will go through the many rights and liberties guaranteed by Article 21.

Right to Personal Liberty

Person liberty is one of the earliest ideals that humanity has recognized throughout its history. It is included in the Magna Carta.

The notion of ‘liberty’ has been given a very broad meaning in India. The Supreme Court of India has rejected the concept that liberty refers only to freedom from bodily restriction, holding that it also encompasses those rights and benefits recognized as essential to free men’s orderly pursuit of happiness.

Important Cases Related to Article 21 of the Indian Constitution

A.K. Gopalan vs. Madras State, 1951 − In this instance, the Supreme Court used a restrictive reading of Article 21. It was decided that only arbitrary executive activity is covered by Article 21’s protection, not arbitrary legislative action. This indicates that a law may be used by the state to deny a person the rights guaranteed by Article 21.

Maneka Gandhi vs. UOI, 1978 − In this case, the Supreme Court reversed its Gopalan Case decision by using a broader reading of Article 21. It was decided that a person’s right to life and personal liberty can be taken away by a law as long as the process set forth by that legislation is reasonable, fair, and just. It also made clear that the right to life does not just refer to the existence of animals. It was stated that this would cover all elements of life that contribute to a man’s life being meaningful, full, and deserving of living.

Recent Trends to Article 21

In addition to the conventional approach, the Supreme Court recognised Article 21 in the context of social justice when reading it at a specific time and gave Article 21 a new meaning following the Maneka Gandhi era. Some of the seminal judgments are listed below.

Article 21 includes Right to Education

The right to education is seen as man’s third eye, without which no one can live a good, decent, or dignified existence. Previously, one of the guiding principles of state policy was the right to an education.

However, in response to changing societal needs, the Supreme Court ruled in Mohini Jain v. State of Karnataka and Unni Krishna v. State of Andhra Pradesh that the right to education, as a guaranteed fundamental right, is thus included under the right to life because it directly influences mental and physical capacity and is also responsible for individual growth in society.

Furthermore, it was determined in another judgment that the Right to Education encompasses the Right to a Safe Education.

Earlier, the courts interpreted Article 21’s unambiguous declaration of the right to education as Article 21-A’s provisions, making the right to education accessible to all citizens as a basic right.

Article 21 includes Right to Livelihood

The right to livelihood follows from the right to life since no one can exist without food. If the right to livelihood is not regarded as an important part or parcel of the right to life, it will become the simplest method to deprive the person of exercising his right to life and, as a result, he will lose his livelihood. In addition to rejecting their valuable value and purpose, dismissing livelihoods also makes existence difficult.

The right to life has been proclaimed to include the right to one’s means of support. In the case of Olga Tellis v. Bombay Municipal Corporation, the Supreme Court ruled that the idea of the “right to life and personal liberty” protected by Article 21 of the Constitution encompasses the “right to live with dignity,” which includes the right to a livelihood.

Article 21 includes Right to Speedy Justice and Speedy Trial

In regards to the denial of swift justice, the court highlighted its worry over case disposition delays. The concerned authorities have been ordered to act quickly before the situation spirals out of control. If procedural legislation fails to allow for a fast trial, it is ruled null and invalid. A petition for a writ of habeas corpus was submitted by a number of under-trial detainees who had been held in Bihar jails for years awaiting trial. The right to a speedy trial was viewed as an inherent guarantee in the tightrope of life, as was the right to personal liberty.

In Hussainara Khatoon (I) v. Home Secretary, State of Bihar, which was followed by Kadra Pahadia v. State of Bihar, the Supreme Court held that speedy trial is a fundamental right implicit in the guarantee of life and personal liberty enshrined in Art. 21 of the Constitution and that any accused who is denied this right of speedy trial is entitled to approach the Supreme Court under Art. 32 for the purpose of enforcing such a right.

Imposing Capital Punishment is not a violation of Article 21

In the case of Mithu v. State of Punjab, it was determined that the mandatory death penalty for murder committed by a life criminal serving a life sentence under Section 303 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860, is unconstitutional.

The constitutionality of the death penalty has been challenged in a number of instances before the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court ruled in Jagmohan Singh v. State of Uttar Pradesh that a statute cannot deny freedom of movement unless it is reasonable and in the public interest.

However, in Bachan Singh v. State of Punjab, it was determined that the death sentence is an alternative punishment for murder under Section 302 of the Indian Penal Code. As a result, it is not irrational and serves the public interest. It should only be applied in the “rarest of rare cases.”

Furthermore, it was determined in the instance of Solitary Confinement that solitary confinement breaches the basic right granted by Article 21.

Article 21 includes Right to Health and Medical Care

The right to health is included in the right to life. Art. 21 and the Directive Principles of State Policy compel the state to protect a person’s life. The Supreme Court held in a landmark decision in Parmanand Katara v. Union of India that in medico legal cases, the preservation of life is of paramount importance, so it is the primary duty of the doctor to give immediate aid to the victims, whether they are criminals or innocent people, and shall not wait for the completion of legal formalities.

In a case similar to this one,Paschim Banga Khet Mazdoor Samiti v. State of West Bengal, the Supreme Court granted compensation to the victims who had been wronged by the government hospitals’ services

Article 21 includes Right to Privacy

The Supreme Court said in R. Rajgopal v. State of Tamil Nadu that the right to privacy is nothing more than the “right to be alone,” and that it is implicit in the right to life and personal liberty given by Art. 21 of the Indian Constitution.

Similarly, the issue of privacy was addressed in relation to the validity of Aadhaar. The Supreme Court’s decision on Justice K.S. Puttaswamy petition on August 24, 2023, holding that the right to privacy is protected as a fundamental constitutional right under Articles 14, 19, and 21 of the Indian Constitution, proved crucial to the rights of Indian citizens in the twenty-first century. This ruling not only overturned certain previous decisions, but it also paved the door for a more progressive and meaningful interpretation of civil and political rights.


Article 21 is the most important right enshrined in our constitution. It is the foundation upon which the entire structure of fundamental rights is built. By giving progressive interpretation, the Supreme Court has consistently broadened the horizon and evolution of this article. We can confidently predict that more features will be added to this unbreakable article.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1. What is Article 21 A?

Ans. Article 21 A specifies that the state shall offer free and compulsory education to all children aged 6 to 14 in a manner determined by law. More information about the Right to Education Act may be found here.

Q2. Is Article 21 an absolute right

Ans. No, it is not an absolute right. The state may put constraints on the right to life and liberty, but they must be fair, reasonable, and just, and they must follow the legal system.

Q3. Can Article 21 be suspended during an emergency?

Ans. During an emergency, Article 21 cannot be suspended. The 44th Amendment to the United States Constitution states that this article cannot be suspended, even in an emergency.

The 16 Best Action Movies On Hulu

Edgar Cervantes / Android Authority

If you love action movies, you will find plenty to watch if you subscribe to the Hulu streaming video service. There are many films to enjoy that have fast cars, explosions, fights, and sharp one-liners. While one or two may have some interesting and deeper themes, action films are usually just meant to entertain, and Hulu certainly has many of them to stream. Here’s a list of the top 16 best action movies on Hulu currently available.

Read more: What’s new on Hulu

If you want to sign up for Hulu or get the Disney Plus-Hulu-ESPN Plus bundle, you can do so at the links below.


Hulu offers not only thousands of movies and TV shows to stream, it also has original shows and films like The Handmaid’s Tale. You can upgrade to Hulu Plus Live TV to get live channels, including your local stations.

See price at Hulu

Disney Plus bundle

See price at Disney

Best action movies on Hulu

Editor’s note: We will be updating this list as more action movies are added to Hulu and others are removed from the service.

Demolition Man (1993)

Columbia Pictures

IMDb rating 6.7

Sylvester Stallone and Wesley Snipes are perfect in this action-comedy. Stallone plays a cop who gets blamed for killing the hostages of Snipes’ evil terrorists. Both are sentenced to a new cryogenic prison, and both awaken in 2033, where everyone else is now politically correct to the extreme. Snipes wreaks havoc in this future, and it’s up to Stallone to stop him.

Batman (1989)

Warner Bros

IMDb rating 7.5

Michael Keaton remains one of the best actors to put on the Caped Crusader’s mask. However, his debut as Batman and Bruce Wayne is topped by Jack Nicholson’s performance as the Clown Prince of Crime, the Joker.

The King’s Man (2023)

20th Century Studios

IMDb rating 6.3

This 2023 prequel to the Kingsman spy action movies takes place during the First World War, where the new Kingsman organization has to stop the mad Russian monk Rasputin. Look for some truly insane action set pieces in this movie.

Deadpool (2023)

20th Century Fox

IMDb rating 8.0

This Marvel superhero gets adapted perfectly in this R-rated action-comedy. Ryan Reynolds is perfect as Wade Wilson, who gets turned into an immortal hitman, at the cost of a heavily damaged body. His goal now is to go after the people that made him this way. You can also watch Deadpool 2 on Hulu as well.

Boss Level (2023)


IMDb rating 6.8

This Hulu original action movie stars Frank Grillo as a retired soldier who keeps time-looping back to the day he was killed. He thinks he can break the time loop by going after a major criminal, played by Mel Gibson. This movie takes the time loop trope in some new directions.

Akira (1988)


IMDb rating 8.9

The classic Japanese anime movie is a must-watch for any action film fan. Its 2D animation still looks detailed and great, as we watch the story of a young man in a future Tokyo who starts to exhibit powerful psychic abilities.

The Nice Guys (2023)


IMDb rating 7.4

Russell Crowe and Ryan Gosling play an enforcer and private detective, respectively, in this movie set in 1970s Los Angeles. The two men reluctantly team up to find a missing woman, and run into some unexpected resistance in this excellent action-comedy.

Unstoppable (2023)


IMDb rating 6.8

There’s no human villain in this action movie. Instead, it’s a massive runaway train that could kill thousands of people if it derails. Only Denzel Washington and Chris Pine can stop the disaster in this well-produced movie.

The Raid 2 (2014)


IMDb rating 7.9

This sequel to The Raid: Redemption may be one of the rare sequels that’s better than the original movie. It is also one of the best action movies on Hulu. Set hours after The Raid, the sequel shows the Indonesian police officer Rama (Iko Uwais) going full blast after the corrupt police officers that have been bought by the country’s crime syndicate.

Hell Hath No Fury (2023)


IMDb rating 5.3

This recent 2023 movie is set in World War II, and has elements of The Dirty Dozen and Kelly’s Heroes. A group of US soldiers force a French woman to lead them to a cache of gold. Of course, the Nazis also want to get to this treasure.

The One (2001)


IMDb rating 5.9

Jet Li plays two main roles in this sci-fi action film. One is a man killing his other selves in different parallel universes to gain power and become “the One.” The other is the last remaining version, and he has to stop his evil self from becoming whatever “the One” is supposed to become.

Charlie’s Angels (2000)


IMDb rating 5.6

The 1970s TV series was first rebooted with this comedic action film. Drew Barrymore, Cameron Diaz, and Lucy Liu play the latest agents for the unseen detective Charlie. However, a simple case of corporate espionage turns into something more personal in this film.

10,000 BC (2008)


IMDb rating 5.1

From Roland Emmerich, the director of Stargate and Independence Day, comes this film set at the dawn of true human history, as a tribal leader tries to rescue his love from a rival tribe of hunters. 

Honorable mentions

Here are a few more great action movies on Hulu that didn’t quite make our list:

The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor — Brendon Frasier takes on a Chinese mummy threat, played by Jet Li.

The Other Guys — Will Ferrell and Mark Wahlberg play newly partnered cops in this action-comedy.

Hitman: Agent 47 — Fans of the popular Hitman games might enjoy this movie adaptation.

The Edge — Anthony Hopkins and Alec Baldwin crash in the wilderness in this survival-action movie.

These are the best action movies on Hulu you can currently watch. We’ll add more titles to the list once they make it to the streaming service.

Acer Aspire Timeline 3810T Laptop

The Acer Aspire 3810T, aka the Acer Timeline, has two things going for it: This model is one of the first laptops out the gate to use an Intel CULV processor (in this case, the 1.4GHz U9400). The 3810T also has a sharp style that’s sure to grab attention. How does this laptop stand up to the MSI X340 or to the HP Pavilion dv2 (which uses the first-gen Athlon Neo CPU)? Pretty well.

But where do you peg a portable like this? Is it a high-powered tweener, or is it a low-performance ultraportable on the cheap? That depends on whom you ask. The dv2 stretches the definition of a netbook. The X340 is a slim, plasticky, poor-man’s MacBook Air. The Timeline is a sleek, solid notebook, but it’s the size of a conventional ultraportable. Measuring 12.67 by 1.13 by 8.97 inches and weighing 3.5 pounds, this system could be easily confused with a traditional laptop.

Among the Timeline’s handy and unique features are a couple of touch-inducive shortcuts. A Wi-Fi 802.11b/g/n toggle sits next to a shortcut to Acer Backup Manager (an easy-to-use software utility) and a quick toggle for a battery-saving mod.

Camping below all that is a good-sized touchpad. It has the same texture as the wrist rest, and the only indicator that you’re in the strike zone is a slight speed bump surrounding the area. The mouse-button bar has an odd lip that your finger can slip into so that your thumb can rest while you navigate. I’m not particularly crazy about the cheap plastic feel of both the wrist rest and the button, but the setup certainly gets the job done. I know it’s an entirely different class, but I wish that more portable makers would take a cue from the Asus Eee PC 1008HA, which has golf-ball-like dimples dotting the active touchpad area. And metallic buttons on the Timeline wouldn’t hurt, either.

The screen is nice–provided that you use the Timeline only indoors. The glossy 1366-by-768-pixel panel has colors that pop. If you saw this system on a store shelf, you’d be drawn in by the rich reds and blues that don’t drown each other out. Try typing on it outside, however, and you’re looking into a fairly expensive mirror. It’s not exactly unusable–I wrote half this review outdoors. But the display is extremely dim, and making out much more than black text on a white background under broad daylight is hard. In short, it’s just the continuing curse of the glossy screen coating.

As for the software, yes, you get some of the usual trialware (Microsoft Office, for instance). However, Acer has also thrown some helpful applications into the mix, ones that might be worth your while to try. Beyond Office, you get Microsoft Works, the eSobi news reader, the aforementioned backup utility, MyWinLocker for safely stowing files, and Orion, a soup-to-nuts IM/communication client. Oh, yeah–you’ll also find a host of obnoxious casual-game demos in the “Acer GameZone” that you’ll probably want to uninstall the second you power the Timeline up.

13 Best Subtitles Download Sites For Movies (Free) In 2023

Following is a handpicked list of Top Subtitles Download with their popular features and website links. The list contains both open source (free) and paid software to download subtitle. Read more…

Best Subtitles (SRT) Download Websites for English Movies


It’s safe, simple, fast, and ad-free to search and download subtitles.

You can preview and change the font, size, color, and position of subtitles.

Download videos with subtitles from 1000+ websites with URLs.

Extra features to add, extract, or disable subtitles in MP4, MKV, AVI, VOB, etc.

Convert, compress, and edit films or TV shows in one go.

2) YIFY Subtitles

YIFY Subtitles is one of the best subtitles downloading sites that offers a clean and dark mode user interface to search your needed keywords with ease. It has a large range of movies in various languages. This site allows you to stream movies to Netflix with no hassle.


Subtitles are ad-free.

You can select movies according to their type.

It allows you to download movies and TV shows all subtitle and view the year and ratings of movies.

This subtitles download English site can be explored without any registration.

3) OpenSubtitles

OpenSubtitles is one of the best subtitle download sites on the internet. It is available in many languages, including English, Dutch, Italian, Spanish, Polish, etc. This subtitle download SRT platform has a search tool that enables you to filter your searches by country, year, type, season, or episode.


Enables you to find a subtitle for movies and TV series.

You can request the subtitle of your choice.

This English subtitles downloading site allows you to drag and drop movie files.

It offers the facility to customize the settings as per your desire.

This movie subtitles download site enables you to upload your subtitles.


You can find out subtitles in various languages for movies and TV shows.

iTubeGo enables you to preview the subtitle before downloading it.

This English subtitles downloading site also provides you information on subtitle language and upload date.

5) Subscene

Subscene is a subtitle download site that offers a huge database of popular shows and movies. This movies subtitles download website adds subtitles on a daily basis for users. It enables you to filter out the videos with no hassle.


Subtitles are available in many languages.

You can request your own subtitle.

Provides the option to edit the subtitle filter on the page.

6) Subs4free

Subs4free is one of the best sites that enables you to download free subtitle. This subtitle downloading platform is available for movies and TV series. It enables you to see top subtitles with detailed resolution.


Subtitle content is available in Greek and English language.

You can search for movies or series with ease.

This movie subtitle download site enables you to view movies that are linked to the latest subtitles.

This English subtitle downloading site enables you to view currently uploaded subtitles.

7) BollyNook

BollyNook is a site to download Bollywood movie subtitles. It allows you to download subtitles in different languages, including English, Dutch, French, Arabic, etc.


Enables you to easily upload and download subtitles for your favorite movie.

You can view subtitles by year, frame, and more.

This is one of the best subtitle sites that allows you to search for lyrics transactions.

This movies subtitles download site provides a link to read Bollywood news.

Offers detailed information about celebrities.

8) English Subtitles

English Subtitles is a website having a subtitle repository for thousands of movies. It offers a dark mode UI that enables you to search for the needed title with no hassle.


You can save subtitles for classic movies and TV shows.

This open subtitles download website displays recently added subtitles.

Allows you to add your own subtitle.

It is easy to navigate.

This english subtitles download SRT provides an easy to download English film subtitles.

9) Addic7ed

Addic7ed is a subtitle downloading website that enables you to browse the movies and tv shows with ease. This subtitle downloader website supports a variety of languages.


Enables you to find a subtitle for movies and TV series.

This platform lists new releases, new versions with subtitles and the most downloaded.

10) Subdl

Subdl is a subtitle download site that has a collection of large subtitle database to browse. It provides easy to use the search bar to look for the download needed subtitles effortlessly. This english subtitles download platform organizes all subtitles based on the type of video release.


This subtitles downloading website offers subtitles for movies in English, Dutch, Italian, French, etc.

This is one of the best subtitle sites that provides a separate section of subtitles with various time stamps.

11) TVsubs

TV-Subs is one of the largest subtitles downloading websites that is available in many different languages. It offers subs that are packed and stored with the help of WinZip. This subtitle downloader platform provides subtitles for TV shows and series.


You can easily find the latest and most downloaded subtitles with ease.

It allows you to filter out subtitle content according to your preferred language.

12) SubtitleStock


It has a large database of subtitles.

Allows you to view country-specific downloaded subtitles.

You can download all subtitles for free.

You can request your own subtitles.

This subtitles downloading website is available in languages like Dutch, English, and more.

13) is a site that enables you to download subtitles with less effort. It offers two categories of subtitles, TV shows and movies. This site supports multiple languages, like English, German, Russian, French, Greek, and more.


Subtitles are packed with WinZip.

You can also stream any video in HD.

This subtitles downloading website allows you to find the latest subtitles on a variety of videos with ease.

You can add your own subtitle to the site.

How to Load Subtitles for Movies and TV Shows

Here are the steps that you can perform to load subtitles in the VLC player:

Step 1: Play the video in which you would like to load subtitles.

As shown below, a video is loaded.

Step 2: Go to Subtitle.

FAQ: ❓ What is SRT file?

SRT is a plain text file that holds video subtitle information such as the start and end text timecode and a sequential subtitle number. This file is used along with video data to ensure that your subtitle matches your audio.

💻 Which are the best site to download subtitles for a Movie or TV Show?

Following are some of the best best site to download subtitles for a Movie or TV Show:

VideoProc Converter

YIFY Subtitles




💥 My subtitle file is out of sync, what can I do?

There are many free utilities to edit srt files. You need to simply change the timing of the first subtitle to match with the actor’s voice in the movie.

If you load subtitles, then you will find the beginning and ending timecodes. You need to adjust them as per your need in a way that your subtitle file will get synced.

👉 What are Subtitles? 🚀 What are Subtitles Downloading Sites?

Subtitles downloading sites are online platforms that have a wide range of collection of subtitles for TV shows and movies. It enables you to view the year and ratings of your favorite movies.

These websites allow you to search for video subtitles with minimal effort. Many such platforms are available in varieties of languages, including English, Dutch, French, Italian, Spanish, and more.

❓ Why downloading subtitle is important?

Here are the important reasons for downloading subtitles:

You can easily learn a foreign language.

It enables you to expand your vocabulary and increase your listening skills.

Subtitles are helpful to understand the culture and tradition of the country.

It helps deaf or hard of hearing viewers to understand spoken languages in TV shows and movies.

🏅 What is the format of subtitles? ❗ How to download subtitles?

You can refer to the list given above. It contains various websites that help you to instantly download subtitles for movies and TV shows with minimal effort.

Personal Communications In Apa Style

In APA Style, a personal communication is any source that is not accessible to your readers. Personal communications are cited in the text, but not included in the reference list.


Another researcher stated that the results so far looked “very promising” (A. Smith, personal communication, July 15, 2023).

What is a personal communication?

A personal communication is any source you refer to that the reader will not be able to access—either because it was not recorded, is deliberately kept private for reasons of confidentiality, or is accessible only to a specific group (e.g. members of a particular institution or online community).

Because the reader cannot look up these sources independently, APA Style states that it is not appropriate to include them in a reference list. The point of a reference list is to allow the reader to find your sources, so inaccessible sources do not belong there.

Some common examples of sources that should be treated as personal communications include:

Private conversations, emails, letters and messages

Private social media content

Unrecorded performances and speeches

How to cite personal communications

When citing a personal communication in your text, you only need to give the person’s initials and last name, the words “personal communication,” and the date of the communication in parentheses:

(F. Davidson, personal communication, January 12, 2023)

If it’s relevant or important to the reader’s understanding, you can specify the type of communication involved:

During the performance, the term “Anthropocene” was used repeatedly (J. Wilson,


, March 13, 2023).

Private messages on social media are always personal communications. Other social media content should also be cited as personal communication if it is not public – that is, if it can only be accessed by members of a specific group or friends of a specific user:

Scribbr Citation Checker


The AI-powered Citation Checker helps you avoid common mistakes such as:

Missing commas and periods

Incorrect usage of “et al.”

Ampersands (&) in narrative citations

Missing reference entries

Learn more

Quoting your research participants

Quotes from your research participants, such as interviewees and survey respondents, are treated slightly differently from personal communications.

You don’t need to include a citation when quoting your research participants, but the transcript or responses you’re quoting from should usually be included in an appendix. Just refer to this appendix the first time you quote from it, e.g. “(See Appendix A).”

Research participants are often anonymized for reasons of confidentiality. There are several ways of handling this. Where it is not important to distinguish participants from each other, you can simply refer to them without any specific attribution:

One participant stated that…

Where more detail is appropriate, you might want to distinguish participants by personal characteristics like age, profession, or gender:

(male participant, 52 years old)

Where it’s important to be able to refer to specific participants, you can use false names (as long as you clarify somewhere that this is what you’re doing) or numerical/alphabetical labels:

Participant D stated that… A participant named John (names used throughout are pseudonyms) referred to…

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Caulfield, J. Retrieved July 19, 2023,

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