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Sure, a turkey seems pretty harmless sitting there all carved up in the middle of the dining room table. It seems harmless. But if you’ve ever been chased by a gigantic butterball of feathers and fury while innocently wandering through your own front yard, you know that even turkey-sized creatures can be intimidating in their own right.
That’s the case with Sinosauropteryx, a 130-million-year-old dinosaur from China. In a study published in Current Biology, researchers found that this dinosaur’s color patterns indicate it likely lived in an open environment, with very few trees, where it could hunt lizards—lizard-like bones were found in the stomach region—and try to avoid being hunted itself.
You might remember Sinosauropteryx from a study seven years ago. Then, it gained notoriety for being one of the first dinosaurs whose colors could be definitively identified. Now, researchers think they have a better idea of how that coloring was distributed over the body.
It seems that this particular dinosaur had a dark back, a striped tail, and a lighter underbelly that ended quite high up on the dino’s sides. Oh, and a mask.
“The bandit mask was really amazing to discover,” Fiann Smithwick, a lead author of the paper from the University of Bristol, said in a statement. “It’s a pattern seen in numerous living animals today.”
The trash panda-like coloring might have been used as camouflage, helping hide the dinosaur’s eyes amidst darker fur to conceal it from potential predators or prey, or it could have helped ease the harshness of the sun reflecting into its eyes. The lighter coloring on its underside is similar to camouflage patterns seen on animals today that live in open areas like savannahs or plains.
The environment that Sinosauropteryx lived in was vastly different from the home of another small dinosaur, Psittacosaurus, whose coloring was analyzed last year by the same researchers. They found that Psittacosaurus, with its mostly dark coloring, likely lived in a more forested environment. But both dinosaurs lived in roughly the same geographic zone, a region in what is now China that the authors refer to as Jehol lakes.
“Jehol clearly was not only rich taxonomically, but was also likely varied in the habitats available to animals and consisted of a mosaic of environments, which may explain the area’s extraordinary biodiversity,” the authors write in the paper, pointing out that over the 10 million years encompassed in these fossil-rich layers, the climate and vegetation could also have shifted many times.
In only seven years since we figured out how to decipher the coloring of dinosaurs, we’ve already come a long way. We know know that some dinosaurs were irridescent, we’ve discovered how to use particle accelerators and metals to decipher colors. But now we’re starting to go beyond mere appearances and get at the heart of how those colors related to the dinos’ lives, and environments.
Maybe someday we’ll be able to color in even more details about the life and times of dinosaurs, from the turkey-sized to the tyrannical and everything in between.
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Whether you are an adult or a young person, you can try these coloring apps to unleash your creativity and calm your mind.
Are you nostalgic about coloring beautiful pictures and giving them a new vibrant look? Or do you want your kid to grow the habit of coloring?
Coloring is a great habit that soothes your stressed mind and works as a great time pass. It also improves your sense of coloring.
In this era of technology, you don’t need a pen and paper for coloring. Instead, you can use coloring apps on your iPhone or iPad to color.1. Happy Color
Happy Color is a calming coloring app. It combines painting with the numbering game to make the user’s coloring process enjoyable.
Whether you’re looking for relief from anxiety or some moments full of fun, this app allows you to do so while utilizing your creativity.
Use can use this app with ease, regardless of your age and lifestyle. Just choose your favorite picture and start coloring that.
Thanks to its partnership with Marvel and Disney, you can color the pictures of your favorite characters and superheroes.
This app includes art templates by artists from all over the world, which ensures variety and inclusiveness.
Happy Color app is free to download, but you can make in-app purchases for additional features.2. Colorfy
If you’re looking for paint and color fun drawings, Colorfy is one of the best coloring apps. It allows you to color patterns, florals, mandalas, animals, and thematic images.
What’s more, you can join the app community as an artist and share your drawings with the world.
The virtual gallery of this coloring app uses AR technology to make sure you visualize the drawing as if they are in the real world.
Colorfy coloring app also lets you share the drawings on your favorite social media network. It also supports offline mode and works will all the latest iOS versions.3. Pigment
Pigment is an adult coloring book app where you can draw and paint to have a relaxed time. It has a collection of 7000+ artworks, including mandalas, portraits, and more.
This app equips you with 29 pencils, brushes, and markers to draw and color what you want. You also get a curated color palette or create your personalized one for coloring.
Pigment allows you to print your creations or share them via email, text, and social media.
This free coloring app also has in-app purchases for premium access that include features like exclusive Marvel content.4. Lake
Lake lets you paint away your stresses and relax through coloring. Here, you get access to 85+ coloring books by independent illustrators from around the world.
It has a toolset with spray, fill, eraser, watercolor brush, and acrylic brush. You can use the tap-to-fill coloring option or use brushes that also come with soothing sounds.
Lake also supports saving your favorite color books in the My List section. Moreover, you can access all incomplete works in My Studio.
Other features of this coloring app include Apple pencil support, a history palette with used colors, zoom in/out, etc.
It also supports iCloud sync so that you can use it on multiple iOS devices without any trouble. You get the option to use it for free or buy its subscriptions.5. Recolor
Recolor is an anti-stress coloring app for iOS that lets you relax, leaving all your worries aside. It enables you to access four images for free for coloring.
This app lets you color 5000+ unique adult coloring pages, including flowers, mandalas, animals, and more.
You can even upload your drawing and color them on Recolor. It also offers 70 color palettes and various coloring options like solid colors, crayons, and gradients.
You can even use 80+ outlines, filters, and effects for personalization. Sharing your artwork on social media is also possible from this app.
This is a free coloring app that has in-app purchases for subscription plans. There is also a 7-day free trial available.6. Color Therapy Coloring Number
Do you enjoy playing color-by-number games? If yes, Color Therapy Coloring Number is the right choice for you.
Color therapy is a proven way to improve your mindfulness. This relaxation coloring app does that by letting you spend quality me-time.
It has 5000+ coloring pages of different themes such as mandala, floral, animals, places, objects, nature, thematic, art, fashion, pattern, and more.
Here, you can choose from realistic methods like flat brush, airbrush, and oil painting. It also lets you select line colors and finishing effects.
Color Therapy Coloring Number app also provides a smear tool that you can use for perfectly blending colors.
While you can download and use this app for free, accessing VIP features will need you to make purchases.7. Baby Coloring Book for Kids
Does your child spend a lot of time on iPad? You can ensure the time is spent for creative and educational purposes with Baby Coloring Book for Kids.
It’s a dedicated iOS coloring app for kids three to six years old. Besides coloring, it also offers drawing lessons to help your children develop motor skills.
Baby Coloring Book for Kids has 100+ pages to color for creative development. The coloring process is suitable for kids under six years.8. Coloring Games for Kids 2-6
Coloring Games for Kids 2-6 will keep your kids busy for hours with drawing and coloring, so they don’t spend time on harmful social platforms.
It offers 700+ drawing and coloring pages where they can learn about colors and shapes. Here, kids get to color fruits, vegetables, animals, unicorns, vehicles, and many more.
They can also participate in various coloring games such as pencil, glitter, pattern, and surprise coloring.
While kids can decorate homes, snowmen, cakes, etc., with this coloring app, parents can save their kids’ creations. This free coloring app comes with in-app purchases to unlock all features.9. Chroma
Chroma is one of the best iPad coloring apps available now. This adult coloring app lets you create magic by mixing color, texture, and gradient.
Here, you can use a pencil, brush, or marker to color pictures hand drawn exclusively for this app.
It offers the color bucket to quickly color a section and color constraints to keep the colors inside the line.
You can also zoom in on the pictures for delicate coloring and import your drawings into this app for coloring.
Moreover, it supports sharing your artwork in the Chroma Gallery and social platforms. You can either use its free version or purchase its premium plans.10. Colorfull
Colorfull enables you to relax while coloring by playing soothing music as you color. You can wear your headphone and dive into the world of mindfulness as you tap to color.
The drawings you get here are made exclusively for this app. Some popular drawing categories are flora, animals, mandalas, patterns, and oceans.
You can zoom in and out drawings for precise coloring. Also, all used colors can be found in the history palette section of the Colorfull coloring app.
Offline work mode, real-time progress saving, and quick social media sharing are other highlighted features of this app.
It has more than ten palettes that contain 200+ colors. Besides using the free version, you can also purchase its weekly, monthly, or yearly plans.Best iOS Coloring Apps: Final Words
If you have a smartphone or tablet, you can use coloring apps to nurture the habit of coloring. You can also ask your kids to try the color on digital devices.
Now that you know the best free and paid coloring apps for iOS devices (iPhone and iPad), it’s time to download them and start coloring.
Before DeFi, no one would think that we can have a financial network together, without the help of credible organizations. A network where everyone has equal opportunities and access to resources. Where everyone can play a significant role and provide or use pair-to-pair services, gain profit, or pay for other services.
With the emergence of applications such as Compound, Maker, or Uniswap, the revolution entered a new phase. However, because of the rapid growth of users and demands, and the lack of scalability of Ethereum, the usage fee of these applications quickly skyrocketed. The fees are so high that as of April 20th, 2023, the fee of one transaction on the Ethereum network is about 32$.
This increase in fees stripped away the industry from its core essence, which was being accessible for everyone. A lot of users are not capable of paying a 120$ fee for a simple transaction. This led the scene to become more and more accessible and open for other less welcomed individuals such as crypto whales.
After some time, this issue got resolved thanks to the Binance Smart Chain which increased the liquidity rates of some dapps such as Pancakeswap and Venus.
But soon, a new issue decided to show itself: Lack of distribution and decentralization. Not just anyone can become a validator on the Binance Smart Chain network. Only 21 people can validate the transactions. Needless to say, this is completely against the essence of DeFi.
Right now, you might say that Mr. CZ, the manager of this network, is a trustworthy person but as I mentioned at the beginning of this article, we are experiencing a revolution right now. A revolution where we want not to be dependent on one single individual or organization.
So, two main issues are slowing down this revolution: 1. Scalability 2. Distribution
Is there a scalable, open-source, distributed, and decentralized network with low fees that we can use? Yes. The Stellar network.
By benefitting from the quorum slices model, Stellar can handle thousands of transactions per second. This means a suitable platform for performing financial operations and transactions.
But what’s Lumenswap’s role in all of this?
Lumenswap is the decentralized exchange and an open-source client for the Stellar network that allows you to swap and trade assets on the network using a friendly, minimal interface.
Lumenswap seeks to bring the DeFi industry into the Stellar space in order to familiarize users with inherent features of the Stellar network, such as high speed and low fees.
These features allow us to perform financial related operations of the application (such as distributing rewards, providing liquidity rates, etc) with ease and have a stable DeFi-based application.
Lumenswap has come up with two reward plans in order to help to build a dynamic ecosystem and a financial network where everyone can contribute and play a role in its development. If you look at the tokenomics of Lumenswap, you can see that they have allocated about 40% of their own assets (which make up a large portion of our total supplies) for rewarding our contributors and community.
So they need a scalable and low-fee network to distribute these rewards, they might need to distribute them between thousands of addresses. Thankfully, the cost of completing about 100k transactions on the Stellar network is only about $100.$$100,000*0.001=100$$
You cannot give small rewards to your community on the Ethereum network. For example, to distribute only 25$ between 100k people, you’ll need at least $50k. And if you try to complete the transactions through smart contracts, the fee would become more expensive than the reward which would not make sense.
All of these rewards have one single goal: Instead of just crypto whales, They like to allow everyone to be part of the economic cycle of the application.
The Lumenswap team released the Tokenomics and roadmap of LSP asset (Lumenswap native asset) a few days ago and, according to the article, they will hold an auction on their platform in the next few weeks. If you are interested in participating in it, follow them:
In many ways, high dynamic range (HDR) remains the white whale of the audiovisual technology industry.
Multiple standards are competing, and the formats are ever-evolving. Nevertheless, HDR is the future. With high-definition visuals becoming commonplace on personal devices and home TVs, HDR is what audiences are coming to expect, and even demand, out in the real world.
Higher luminance, a wider color gamut and a broader contrast range are all the order of the day — and the race is on for sports facilities, entertainment complexes, corporate centers and the like to deliver.
As we covered in our HDR 101 guide, there’s a whole lot to be excited about. The fact is, HDR is as close as technology has gotten to reproducing what humans see in real life — vibrant colors, sharper contrasts, crisper details. When you get right down to it, HDR is an exponentially more powerful way for communicators, storytellers, marketers and broadcasters to engage the most sophisticated visual system on the planet: the human eye.
The essential difference between standard dynamic range (SDR) and HDR is 8-bit video versus 10-bit video. Those two bits of difference are what allows HDR to produce more than 1 billion colors — whereas SDR, its lesser counterpart, can only produce 16.7 million colors. At the heart of the HDR challenge is capturing that 10-bit signal at the source, and then preserving it through a multitude of hardware and software until it reaches the end user.How to plan and deploy direct view LED signage
Everything you need to know about choosing your LED displays for optimal viewing indoors and out. Download Now
For all of its promise, there’s plenty of perplexing information out there about how to actually build an HDR system from end to end. Part of that is because there’s no set standard, every HDR system is custom. Let’s survey the entire chain of custody — from the subject being filmed, all the way to the audience member consuming the content — to give you a clearer picture of all the tools necessary to bring this stunning visual experience to life.1. Capturing 10-bit video
It all begins with the camera. You need a camera that can record 10-bit video at a minimum, though some cameras go up to as much as 16-bit. You’ll find some models on the market are able to capture a range of formats with a single camera, such as 4K HDR, 4K SDR, HD HDR and HD SDR. Some can even capture both HDR and SDR content simultaneously. Experts recommend you use 4K HDR as your primary production format, as this enables you to convert to the widest range of distribution formats down the line.2. Preserving dynamic range
It’s important to note that the footage comes out of the camera flat. This means that even though all the 10-bit resolution has been captured, you’ll need to do some extra processing to actually bring it out of your imaging. Here are some of the pieces you’ll need in the chain to make that happen:
You’ll be using a computer to process your video, and within that piece of hardware, you’ll need an HDR-ready graphics card and OS. The HDR load is significantly larger and more specialized than what is needed for SDR. Most of the systems on the market are not set up for this purpose.
To clarify, the graphics card is the piece of tech that’s going to make it possible to preview the effects and color grade you’re applying to the raw 10-bit footage. Without it, your playback will be inaccurate. Then the OS needs to have HDR capability enabled, as most do not by default. If you miss one step in this chain, HDR is lost.
An HDR-enabled monitor is essential. Whether you’re filming or editing, you need to work with a display that’s accurately representing the HDR imagery you’re capturing and processing. Once again, that means you need the magic number of 10-bit capability. Many monitors are 8-bit panels, so be sure to find one that goes the extra 2-bit mile. Don’t forget if you have a set standard in mind, e.g., HDR10+, then you will need a monitor that has that certification.
Switchers, splitters and other hardware
For live broadcast, switchers and splitters are two more examples of pieces of technology commonly found in the video chain that will need to be HDR-equipped in order to deliver the full dynamic range to the end user. Every piece of hardware must support the bandwidth necessary to handle HDR content on the way in, as well as to output it in the correct format. This includes transmitting any and all requisite metadata that has been captured or programmed. Many of these pieces support a number of HDR formats, from HDR10/HDR10+ to Dolby Vision to Hybrid log-gamma (HLG).
Your video codec — the software or hardware that compresses and decompresses digital video — will need to support HDR. The files you’ll be dealing with are 4K video files with 10-bit color — substantially large files that will place a hefty load on your system. You can have all the other pieces of the puzzle HDR-ready, but without an appropriate codec, your system will not deliver the HDR content.
Yes, even your cables must be HDR-compatible. Every piece of the chain matters.3. Reproducing HDR video accurately
Interestingly enough, the display is the easy part. Most direct view LED displays already have the brightness and contrast necessary to reproduce HDR content. And most can also easily accommodate — and even exceed — the DCI-P3 color gamut, which TV manufacturers have deemed the threshold for HDR content. So whether you’re sending a live HDR feed of a sports event to a display, or running prescheduled content on an out-of-home (OOH) digital billboard, your display is going to be the least of your worries. It’s getting the HDR signal to the display cleanly and accurately that’s far more challenging.
Broadcasting is a different story. Let’s say you’re a sports team that wants to broadcast HDR games on live TV. You will want to loop in the network — ESPN, let’s say — and make sure they are part of that discussion, because every network has different capacities for receiving and reproducing HDR content. The earlier you involve your broadcast partners, the better.Building an HDR system that works for you
There’s no getting around it: HDR systems are complex assemblages of spec-heavy hardware and software. And it’s going to be some time before there’s an out-of-the-box solution for you to buy. But that shouldn’t deter you from moving forward. HDR is the bar-none best vehicle for offering an unparalleled visual experience for your audience — and it’s only a matter of time before it’s in your competitors’ arsenal.
Not sure what kind of displays best suit your business needs? Samsung offers something for every use case — and every budget — in our complete digital signage portfolio. Get started choosing and deploying your digital signage with this free guide.
Future hurricanes will bring more extreme flooding to coastal cities in the eastern United States due to a double hit from worsening storm surge and heavy rainfall, scientists reported on February 3 in Nature Climate Change.
The researchers simulated how climate change could alter the impacts of tropical cyclones through the end of the 21st century. They found that the combined frequency of intense storm surge and rainfall that clobbers the coastline may increase by seven to 36 times in the southern US and 30 to 195 times in the Northeast.
“The results that are presented in the paper give us a pretty good idea of what to possibly expect in the future,” says Thomas Wahl, a coastal engineer at the University of Central Florida who wasn’t involved in the research. “There will likely be a pretty dramatic change in…the likelihood that different flooding drivers occur simultaneously.”
Since 1880, climate change has caused the average global sea level to rise by about 8 to 9 inches. Additionally, climate change is altering the intensity, size, track, and frequency of hurricanes, says Ning Lin, an environmental engineer at Princeton University and coauthor of the new findings. These storm characteristics and sea level rise both influence how much damage hurricanes can wreak on coastal cities.
[Related: The average hurricane season is officially more intense]
During a hurricane, one cause of flooding is storm surge, which is caused by powerful winds pushing seawater to the shore. Drenching rains, like those seen during Hurricane Harvey in 2023, can also be devastating. “In the past, our group and others have been looking at these hazards more or less separately,” Lin says. For the new research, she and her team wanted to understand what happens when storm surge and rainfall join forces.
The researchers investigated how thousands of simulated storms would impact the Gulf and Atlantic coasts under late 20th century and projected future climate conditions. The team homed in on so-called joint extreme events, during which the amount of rainfall produced during a 24-hour period and the storm tide—the total seawater level from storm surge and normal tide—each had a 1 percent probability of occurring in any given year.
“Such events actually are very rare in the historical period,” Lin says. Joint extreme events would be expected to occur about once every 200 to 500 years along the Gulf of Mexico, and less than once every thousand years on average along the New England coastline under historic climate conditions. However, Lin and her colleagues calculated that by 2100, these extreme floods might strike every 10 to 30 years along the Gulf Coast and southeast Atlantic, and every 3 to 10 years along New England and the Mid-Atlantic.
“In the future climate it’s more likely that we’ll get extreme surge and extreme rainfall at the same time, so that you will have much higher total flooding,” she says.
The researchers also estimated that, in most areas, the increasing intensity and sluggish speed of future hurricanes will play a more important role in these extreme floods than sea level rise.
The findings do come with several caveats. There’s still uncertainty about how much hurricane frequency and sea level rise will change in the coming decades, and the researchers focused on a climate scenario in which greenhouse gas emissions are not curbed. As a next step, Lin and her team will explore how their predictions might change under less dire emissions scenarios.
The findings offer a “big-picture view” on how storm surge and rainfall will worsen flooding in the future, Wahl says, and offer a jumping-off point to identify vulnerable locations within each region. More localized, detailed modeling could help unpack how climate change is creating storm conditions that lead to more flood risk, he says.
There are a number of ways that coastal cities can prepare for the onslaught, including restoring natural buffers, such as wetlands and oyster beds, and constructing seawalls and other barriers. Floods driven by both extreme rainfall and storm surge may pose a particular challenge, Wahl says, because barriers that block incoming storm surge may also prevent rainwater from draining into the ocean.
“That’s where studies like this that tell us about the chances that storm surge and rainfall coincide in the future…can help us make better decisions when it comes to adapting for both inland flooding and coastal flooding,” he says.
Creating and filling mission-critical IT personnel positions is a managerial art form — one that’s key to running a successful department, according to a Meta Group analyst.
Jonathan Poe, senior vice president at the analyst firm Meta Group, says smart CIOs know that delivering value from the IT department to the overall business starts with having the right people in the right roles. And more and more IT leaders are looking at reshaping their IT structures. Poe says between 2002 and 2003, more than 80% of global 2000 companies will overhaul their IT organizations.
Bringing in the right people is only part of the job. The other part entails creating the right positions — in essence, creating lieutenants to serve the CIO, freeing his hands to focus on the bigger picture.
In this conversation with Datamation, Poe talks about creating a successful IT department, filling the positions carefully and defining a successful operation.
Q: Is this something that only new CIOs should think about doing?
Every CIO should be looking at it, but it is especially important for new CIOs. You need good managers to be successful. You need the right people to get the right results for you. It’s amazing how few CIOs have purposeful staff positions focused on getting specific results.
If a CIO has been in his or her position for a few years, why should he or she tinker around with staff?
If you’ve been there for years, you have a legacy set up and staff kludges. This manager can’t get along with this manager. And this group can’t do that work, so you start carving out niches that don’t make sense for the business.
If you’re coming in as the new CIO, do you really want to start out by letting people go or rearranging staff positions?
These organizations you come into were designed for the last guy, who probably got fired. Bring in an administrative assistant and a key lieutenant…a few key people, if not a whole team, because that is what is going to make you successful.
I think you don’t have to be the hatchet person. That shows poor negotiations. If you’re an executive interviewing with a firm, part of your terms and conditions for coming on board should be laying out that you want a personal assistant. Tell them you work pretty well with a certain team of people or a lieutenant. Part of the negotiation should be what part of your team you can bring on board. If you’re walking in as a CIO and you don’t know if you can trust your admin, that’s a bad start right there. The company can take care of the hatchet job before you arrive.
Isn’t it generally against contract to take employees from your old job with you when you leave for a new job?
There’s that argument, but most labor laws are fairly wide open in regards to taking your team with you. You see whole teams moving from one brokerage to another. Companies like to say you can’t take anybody with you, but it doesn’t mean you can’t work around that. When an employee quits his job, he might know what his next job is going to be. And if it happens that two weeks later he’s working at a different firm, then it was just an offer you couldn’t refuse. Corporations will say you can’t go work for a competitor but those things are hard to enforce and smart people figure out ways to get around it.
How do you figure out what specific positions you need to fill?
You need to set up positions around projects and specific operations. You need to have people who will execute specific functions for you. As a CIO or executive, you can’t spend a lot of time in people development or communications, for example. You need to have a trusted lieutenant to take care of that kind of leadership.
What are some of the positions a CIO should focus on creating?
You should have an IT/Human Capital Management position. You want to make sure your IT guys are being effective and productive. You know how complicated some of these systems are, so you want to have the right people working for you. You can’t end up with a single point of dependency on one person. As an executive, you won’t have time to take care of all of this. And you need to know somebody is making sure my employees are happy, my pipeline is full and my people are being used as efficiently as possible.
You need an IT/Finance position. IT budgets are a significant portion of a corporation’s budget. It’s greater than plant and equipment, greater than facilities, greater than real estate. Most executives want to know what they’re getting for that investment. On all those little projects, on all those installations, you’ve got to show the rate of return and value. On the upper end, this can be kind of tricky. What kinds of rates of return are proper for a risky project? As we bring in new projects and new initiatives, how do we know the assumptions are the same as last year? You need someone to take care of all of this for you.
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