Trending February 2024 # We Need To Rethink Pc Security Software # Suggested March 2024 # Top 6 Popular

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The security software scene is a mess. In order to keep programs that carry with them bad intentions off our PCs we turn to programs that cause no end of problems – and which slow systems down to the pace of a hyperactive snail.

And instead of getting better, things are getting worse.

I remember a time when PCs didn’t need any protection at all, and even when the first viruses hit the scene, protection came from practicing safe sectors and putting a little bit of tape over the write protect notch on 5.25 inch floppy disks. But then, at around the end of the 1980s things started to get more complicated.

In recent years antivirus applications have become out-of-control monsters, devouring free system resources. But if it stopped with just needing to have protection against viruses, things wouldn’t be too bad. Problem is, viruses are only part of the problems.

Nowadays we are told (mostly by firms selling security products) that we need protection against all sorts of threats – adware, spyware, spam. On top of all that we’re supposed to run firewalls and carry out deep scans of our systems on a regular basis. This not only represents a lot of money, installing and updating this software is a lot of work.

But to top it all off, all these programs running can make a new PC feel old, really fast. In fact, I know several people who bought new PCs because their old one was slow only to discover that the new system became just as sluggish once all the protection was loaded onto it.

Now, don’t get me wrong. I know that you can’t get something for nothing, and scanning all the packets that flow to and from your PC, along with all the files and applications that are accessed, isn’t a trivial workload. I don’t expect all this work to be done with no overhead at all, but given the drag of performance that almost all the current suite of security products have on PCs, something is drastically wrong somewhere. Any software that runs in the background is going to have an effect on performance; I just don’t think it should have as much of an effect as it has.

But the problems go much deeper than performance issues. Over the past few years I’ve noticed a disturbing trend where security software is constantly clamoring for your attention – telling you that updates are needed, that updates have been installed, that your system is protected, that your system needs more protection, that your system has been scanned, that you’ve sent an email, that you’ve received an email.

In fact, I’m amazed just how many prompts and messages a security suite can generate. The only message that I’ve yet to see is that the program has done its job and caught some nasty bit of code trying to get a foothold into my system.

I’m guessing that the reason for the vocal nature of security software is that it wants to keep reminding the user that it’s there so that come time to renew the subscription, the user actually pays up for another year. And now we have reputable security firms such as Lavasoft, now in talks with Ask to bundle toolbars with the application. Yeah, let’s burden the user’s PCs further with unwanted junk.

Does it have to be like this?

Well, yes and no. While it’s possible to shift a fair amount of the security workload off individual PCs and onto routers and hardware firewall devices, this still leaves systems open to infections via CDs, DVDs and flash-based devices. While it’s true that the Internet represents the greatest threat (and when you have employees spending time in the darker, seedier corners of cyberspace that threat is much greater), you can’t overlook the risks that USB keys and iPods represents.

My take on the situation is that security companies have done a good job of convincing people that their products are essential if you are to keep your system free of badware (that’s not true, but I’m not going to get into that argument right now), and as such the incentive to develop a good, solid product is lost. The fact is that there isn’t a single product that stands out as being better than the others; instead, they’re more trying to maintain the status quo (or stagnation).

I’ve gotten to the point where I think I’d rather take my chances with the bad guys myself rather than bother with so-called security software.

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Why Do We Need To Learn Powershell?

PowerShell Tutorial

Suppose you know a little bit about Linux, which provides a very rich command interface. Because of Linux rich command, Linux was a preferred platform for software development. On the other hand, windows was mostly used for UI-based uses for non-development purposes. So finally, to control all these issues, Microsoft released PowerShell version 1 for the first time in 2006. The main goal of PowerShell was to provide command rich interface to developers where developers will be able to write scripts and automate various jobs. So initially, they developed PowerShell for Windows only, but after version 6, it started supporting macOS and Linux as well.

Why do we need to learn PowerShell?

In Windows, it has DOS cmd, But if we need to do complex scripting and if we need to write any heavy scripts jobs, then the existing cmd is not good enough. PowerShell allows developers on Windows to write a script with controlling one computer to multiple remote computers at once. DOS is just a shell where PowerShell is a powerful scripting language that is completely based on .NET and is mostly used by my administrator to handle Networks and servers. On Windows, if you use DOS as cmd, you will be only checking ipconfig and some basic things, whereas by learning PowerShell, you will be a complete programmer. Because of its rich commands and object-based approach, it is a powerful tool for scripting.

Below are some points why we should learn PowerShell.

Consistency: The biggest benefit of PowerShell of the current version is that it is available for all Operating systems. So, for example, if you are developing the script on a computer X and after successfully testing your script on your computer X, you can share your script with another person who is going to run your script on his computer Y, which will work perfectly from the version 6 because PowerShell is available for all OS, ie. Windows, Linux, and macOS. So a script will work on different architecture as well. Other than Architecture, PowerShell also provides automation to administration tasks with better performance .

Interactive and scripting environments: The Powershell of Windows Prompt gives us a very interactive tool to access the command-line interface for scripting.

Object orientation: As it is totally written over the .NET, it will give us a complete Object-based approach to implementing it. So we are not just writing a command. It allows us to explore more.

Applications of PowerShell

It will be very useful for administrative management with PowerShell admin to delete, add and update users. We transfer heavy files from one computer to another to multiple network computers at once. If Admin has some task that he will run repetitively, then the Admin can use PowerShell to create a script and put it into job cycles where it will run at given intervals.


Suppose, In PowerShell, we want to see the process with name “nginx” and “node.”


You can install Powershell by MSI, and you should only need to learn the basics of programming like, if, for loops and variables and it’s an available rich set of commands. Even if you do not know much programming you can directly start with PowerShell.

Target Audience

Developers: A developer can have requirements to develop a tool where he may change his data for a running application regularly. For example, on any e-commerce website, we want to show the best-selling products. So the developer will write a script that will fetch data daily and update top-selling product details so that top-selling products will be visible to end customers.

Administrator: The administrator can write a script for automation of updating, deleting, and performing certain tasks on all the users regularly to avoid repetition of the same tasks.

Why Do We Need Selections In Photoshop?

None of this, however, explains why we need to make selections in the first place, so in this tutorial, we’ll take a quick look at the “why”. This won’t be a detailed explanation of how to make selections. We’ll save that for other tutorials. Here, we’re simply going to look at why we need to make selections at all.

Take selections in Photoshop, for example. There’s no shortage of ways to select things in an image with Photoshop. We can make simple geometric selections with the Rectangular Marquee Tool or the Elliptical Marquee Tool , or freehand selections with the Lasso , Polygonal Lasso or Magnetic Lasso Tools. We can select areas of similar color or brightness values with the Magic Wand or Color Range command. We can paint or refine a selection manually with a brush in Quick Mask mode or by using a layer mask. We can make surgically-precise selections with the Pen Tool , and more! We can even combine different selection methods when none of them by themselves seem to be up to the challenge.

As you may have already discovered on your own if you’ve read through any of our other Photoshop tutorials here at Photoshop Essentials, I’m a big fan of “why”. Lots of people will happily tell us how to do something, but for whatever reason, the why is usually left out, forever limiting our understanding of what it is we’re doing.

Do You See What I See?

As I write this, summer is once again coming to an end. The days are getting shorter, the nights are cooler, and around here, with autumn fast approaching, the weekend farmers markets will soon be filled with bushels and bushels of apples. In fact, here’s some right now just waiting to be picked:

Red, delicious apples. Unless of course, you don’t like apples, but who doesn’t like apples?

Obviously, the main subject in the photo above is the apples, right? But why is it obvious? How do we know that we’re looking at apples? We know because most of us have seen enough apples in the past that we can instantly recognize them. We know their shape, their color and their texture because we’ve seen them before. We could even point to each apple in the photo if someone asked us to without mistakenly pointing at a leaf or something else that isn’t an apple because we have no problem distinguishing between all the different objects in the image. We see things with our eyes and our brain tells us that this is this and that is that, and this is not that and that is not this. In fact, even if we had never seen an apple before, we could at least point to all the objects that look relatively the same. We’re so good at recognizing and identifying objects that we usually do it without consciously thinking about it.

That’s great for us, but what about Photoshop? Does Photoshop see the apples? Does Photoshop recognize their shape, color and texture as “apple”? Can it point to all the apples in the photo without confusing an apple with a leaf, or at least point to all the objects that look the same?

The simple answer is no, it can’t. No matter how many photos of apples you’ve opened in Photoshop in the past (geez, what is it with you and apples?), Photoshop has no idea what apples are or what they look like. The reason is because all Photoshop sees is pixels. It doesn’t matter if it’s a photo of apples, oranges or monkeys eating bananas. To Photoshop, it’s all the same. It’s all just pixels, those tiny little squares that make up a digital photo:

A close-up view of the edge of an apple showing that it’s really just a bunch of tiny square pixels.

Select None To Select Them All

So far, we know that we see things very differently from how Photoshop sees them. We see independent, recognizable objects while Photoshop sees everything as pixels, and we tell Photoshop which pixels we want to work on by selecting them with one or more of the various selection tools. In fact, before we can do anything at all to an image, Photoshop first needs to know which pixels we want to edit.

For example, let’s say I want to change the color of the main apple in the photo. I want to change it from red to green. Based on what I just said, I shouldn’t be able to do that without first selecting the pixels that make up the apple. Let’s give it a try anyway, just for fun. I’ll select the Brush Tool from the Tools panel:

Selecting the Brush Tool.

Photoshop paints with the current Foreground color.

The Color Picker is the most common way to select colors in Photoshop.

Ultra-realistic photo effect. Expert users only.

Wait a minute, what just happened?! I was able to paint over the apple! Photoshop didn’t complain at all! Okay, let’s recap. I said we can’t do anything to an image unless we first select the pixels that we want to edit. Then to prove it, I grabbed my Brush Tool and tried painting over part of the image without first selecting anything, yet I was still able to paint over it. This can only mean one thing… I have no idea what I’m talking about!

Seriously though, the real reason why I was still able to paint over the apple without first selecting any pixels is because of a little known fact. Whenever we have nothing selected in an image, we actually have everything selected. Photoshop assumes that if we didn’t select any specific pixels first, it can only be because we wanted every pixel selected so we can edit the entire photo. Or at least, we have the option to edit the entire photo. As we saw in this example, I was able to paint over just a small area of the image even though I didn’t select any pixels first, but if I wanted to, I could have just as easily painted over the entire image and there would have been nothing preventing me from doing that.

While having the freedom to go where we want and do what we please sounds wonderful, it can actually be a very bad thing, at least when it comes to photo editing. In this example, all I wanted to do was change the color of the apple, yet because I didn’t select the apple first, Photoshop allowed me to paint anywhere I wanted, and all I ended up doing was making a mess of things. Let’s see what happens if I select the apple first.

Painting Inside The Lines

I’m going to undo the paint strokes I added to the image by pressing Ctrl+Z (Win) / Command+Z (Mac), and this time, I’ll select the apple first before painting over it. As I mentioned at the beginning of this tutorial, we’ll save the details of how to actually make selections for other tutorials. For now, I’ll simply go ahead and draw a selection around the apple.

Photoshop displays selection outlines for us as a series of animated dashed lines, or what many people call “marching ants”. Obviously, we can’t see them “marching” in the screenshot, but we can at least see the selection outline that now appears around the apple:

Selection outlines appear as animated “marching ants”.

Of course, to us, it looks like I’ve selected the apple, but keep in mind that as far as Photoshop is concerned, all I’ve done is selected some of the pixels in the image. They just happen to be the pixels that make up what you and I see as an apple. The pixels that fall within the boundaries of the selection outline are now selected, which means that they can be affected by whatever edits I make next, while the remaining pixels outside of the selection outline are not selected and won’t be affected by anything I do.

Let’s see what happens now when I try painting over the apple again. I’ll grab the Brush Tool just like I did before, and with green still as my Foreground color, I’ll try painting over the apple. The only difference this time is that I selected the apple first:

The paint strokes now appear only inside the selected area.

Thanks to the selection I made before painting, Photoshop allowed me to paint only inside my selected area. Even though I moved the brush well outside the boundaries of the selection as I was painting and made no attempt to stay inside the lines, none of the pixels outside of the selection outline were affected. They remained safe and unharmed no matter how sloppy I was with the brush, and I was able to easily paint over the apple without worrying about the rest of the image, all thanks to my selection!

Of course, just because we’ve selected a certain area of pixels doesn’t mean we necessarily have to edit every pixel inside the selection outline. I’m going to once again remove my green paint strokes by pressing Ctrl+Z (Win) / Command+Z (Mac) to undo the last step, and this time, with my selection still active, I’m going to use a much larger brush with soft edges to paint only along the bottom half of the apple, giving me a nice transition in the middle between the green brush color and the natural red of the apple. Even though the pixels in the top half of the apple are part of the selection I made, they remain unchanged because I chose not to paint over them. Photoshop doesn’t actually care if we do anything with the pixels we’ve selected. All it cares about is that we don’t get to touch the pixels we didn’t select:

Any pixel inside of a selection outline can be edited, but nothing says you have to edit every pixel.

Just as before, my paint stroke is confined to the pixels inside of the selection outline, even though I moved well outside of it with my brush. To make things look a bit more realistic, I’m going to blend the green color in with the apple using one of Photoshop’s blend modes. I’ll go up to the Edit menu at the top of the screen and choose the Fade Brush Tool option:

The actual name of the Fade option changes depending on the last edit that was made.

This brings up Photoshop’s Fade dialog box, which allows us to make some adjustments to the previous edit. To blend the green in with the apple, I’m going to change the blend mode of the brush to Color, and to lower the intensity of the green, I’ll lower the Opacity option down to around 80%:

The Color blend mode allows us to change the color of an object without changing its original brightness values.

Press Ctrl+H (Win) / Command+H (Mac) to temporarily hide selection outlines. Press it again to bring them back.

Up next, we’ll look at another important reason for making selections – working with layers!

Selections Make Layers More Useful

Up until now, I’ve been making all of my edits directly on the Background layer, which is a very bad way to work because it means that I’ve been making changes to my original photo. If I was to save my changes and close out of the document window, the original image would be lost forever. Sometimes that may be fine, but it tends to leave a bad impression when you’re forced to call up a client and ask, “Would you happen to have another copy of the photo you sent over? I sort of… well, hehe… I kind of ruined the copy you gave me”.

A much better way to work in Photoshop is to use layers. With layers, we can work on a copy of the image while leaving the original unharmed, and thanks to selections, we can even copy different parts of an image to their own layers so we can work on them independently! Without the ability to make selections though, layers in Photoshop would be nowhere near as useful as they are.

I’m going to revert my image back to its original, unedited state by going up to the File menu and choosing Revert. This sets my image back to the way it was when I first opened it:

The Revert command reverts an image back to its original state or to the last saved state.

A very common Photoshop effect is to leave something in the image in full color while converting the rest of the photo to black and white. Let’s see how selections can help us to do this. First, since we just said that working directly on the Background layer is a bad thing, let’s duplicate the Background layer, which will give us a copy of it that we can work on. To do that, I’ll go up to the Layer menu at the top of the screen, then I’ll choose New, and then I’ll choose Layer via Copy:

Creating a copy of the original image.

If we look in the Layers panel, we can see that we now have two layers – the Background layer on the bottom which holds the original photo, and a new layer above it which Photoshop has named “Layer 1”, containing a copy of the photo that we can safely edit without harming the original:

Working on a copy of the image keeps the original safe.

Notice that the entire Background layer was copied. We’ll come back to this in a moment. Since we want to leave the apple with its original colors while converting everything else to black and white, we’ll need to select the apple before we do anything else, so I’ll once again draw a selection around it. Our familiar selection outline reappears:

A selection outline appears once again around the apple.

With the apple selected, I’m going to create another copy of the image by going back up to the Layer menu, choosing New and then choosing Layer via Copy. Remember that the last time we did this, Photoshop copied the entire layer. This time though, something different has happened. We now have a third layer in the Layers panel sitting above “Layer 1” and the Background layer, but if we look in the preview thumbnail to the left of the new layer’s name, we can see that all we copied this time was the apple itself, not the entire layer:

True to its name, the preview thumbnail gives us a preview of the contents of each layer.

Any time we have a selection active when we copy a layer, only the area inside the selection outline is copied, which is why in this case, only the apple was copied. This ability to isolate a specific object in a photo and place it on its own layer is what makes layers so incredibly useful. If we couldn’t select anything first, all we could do is make copy after copy of the entire image, which is usually about as pointless as it sounds.

Selected layers appear highlighted in blue.

To convert the image to black and white, I’ll quickly desaturate it by going up to the Image menu, choosing Adjustments and then choosing Desaturate:

The Desaturate command is a quick way to remove color from an image.

Desaturating an image is certainly not the best way to convert a color photo to black and white, but it works in a hurry. Let’s look again in the Layers panel, where we can see in the preview thumbnail for “Layer 1” that the copy of our original image now appears in black and white, while the apple on the layer above it has been unaffected and remains in color:

Only “Layer 1” has been desaturated.

Since the apple is sitting on a layer above the black and white version of the image, it appears in full color in front of the black and white image in the document window:

Combining selections with layers makes a great creative team.

Of course, there’s a lot more we can do with selections in Photoshop than just painting inside of them or copying them to new layers, but hopefully this gave us an idea of why selections are so important. Photoshop sees only pixels where we see independent objects, so we need selections as a way to bridge the gap between our world and Photoshop’s world. And while layers can stake their claim as one of the biggest and best features of Photoshop, they owe more of their usefulness to selections than they’d probably care to admit.

Machine Learning In Cyber Security — Malicious Software Installation


Monitoring of user activities performed by local administrators is always a challenge for SOC analysts and security professionals. Most of the security framework will recommend the implementation of a whitelist mechanism.

However, the real world is often not ideal. You will always have different developers or users having local administrator rights to bypass controls specified. Is there a way to monitor the local administrator activities?

Let’s talk about the data source

An example of how the dataset looks like — the 3 entries listed above are referring to the same software

We have a regular batch job to retrieve the software installed on each of the workstations which are located in different regions. Most of the software installed is displayed in their local languages. (Yes, you name it — it could be Japanese, French, Dutch …..) So you will meet a situation that the software installed is displayed as 7 different names while it is referring to the same software in the whitelist. Not to mention, we have thousands of devices.

Attributes of the dataset

Hostname — The hostname of the devices

Publisher Name — the software publisher

Software Name — Software Name in Local Language and different versions number

Is there a way we could identify non-standard installation?

My idea is that legit software used in the company — should have more than 1 installation and the software name should be different. In such a case, I believe it will be effective to use machine learning to help a user classify the software and highlight any outlier.

Char processing using Term Frequency — Inverse Document Frequency (TF-IDF)

TF-IDF is a statistical measure that evaluates how relevant a word is to a document in a collection of documents. This is done by multiplying two metrics: how many times a word appears in a document, and the inverse document frequency of the word across a set of documents.

An example of the script below is going through how I apply the TF-IDF to the software name field in my data set.

import pandas as pd from sklearn.feature_extraction.text import TfidfVectorizer

# Import the dataset df=pd.read_csv("your dataset")

# Extract the Manufacturer into List field_extracted = df['softwarename']

# initialize the TF-IDF vectorizer = TfidfVectorizer(analyzer='char') vectors = vectorizer.fit_transform(field_extracted) feature_names = vectorizer.get_feature_names() dense = vectors.todense() denselist = dense.tolist() result = pd.DataFrame(denselist, columns=feature_names)

A snippet of the result:

The result from the TF-IDF scripts above (with a mix of different languages e.g. Korean, Chinese)

In the above diagram, you could see that a calculation is performed to evaluate how “important” each char is on the software name. This could also be interpreted as how “many” of the char specified is available on each of the software names. In this way, you could present statistically on the characteristic of each “software name” and we could put these features into the machine learning model of your choice.

Other features I extracted and believe it will also be meaning to the models:

The entropy of the Software Name

import math from collections import Counter

# Function of calculating Entropy def eta(data, unit='natural'): base = { 'shannon' : 2., 'natural' : math.exp(1), 'hartley' : 10. }

if len(data) <= 1: return 0

counts = Counter()

for d in data: counts[d] += 1

ent = 0

probs = [float(c) / len(data) for c in counts.values()] for p in probs: ent -= p * math.log(p, base[unit])

return ent

entropy = [eta(x) for x in field_extracted]

Space Ratio — How many spaces the software name has

Vowel Ratio — How many vowels (aeiou) the software name has

At last, I have these features listed above with labels to run against randomtreeforest classifier. You could select any classifier of your choice as long as it could give you a satisfactory result.

Thanks for reading!

About the Author

Elaine Hung

Elaine is a machine learning enthusiast, digital forensic and incident response consultant. Interested in applying ML and NLP on cyber security topics.


Best Free Architecture Software For Architects To Run On Windows Pc

This article lists some best free Architecture software for Architects. If you are a professional architect, you can use these software to create detailed floor plans and interior designs. On the other hand, students of architecture can use these software to enhance their skills by practicing virtually.

Best free Architecture software for Architects

We will talk about the following software that you can use on your Windows 11/10 PC:

Sweet Home 3D




DreamPlan Home Design Software.

1] Sweet Home 3D

Sweet Home 3D is among the popular free architecture software. It comes with a vast library of objects that you can place on your design. The entire interface of Sweet Home 3D is divided into four sections. The top left side of the interface shows all libraries of objects. The right side of the interface displays both 2D and 3D views of your design simultaneously. The objects that you place on your design will be displayed on the bottom left side along with their dimensions.

2] pConPlanner

Start drawing your design by selecting a particular shape like rectangle, polygon, ellipse, etc. You can also select a freehand tool or polyline to draw a floor plan. Design elements like a wall, ceiling, floor, doors, windows, stairs, etc., are available under the Room Elements group in the Start menu.

Select an object to view its properties. When you select a wall, pConPlanner will show you its dimensions like its height, thickness, the angle between the selected and the adjacent wall, etc. You can change these dimensions easily in the Properties window.

Before editing the properties of an object, you can lock that object. The Lock feature is available in the Edit menu. After completing your design, you can save it in DWG format or export it to pCon, Geometry, and different image formats. The Print Preview option is also available in the software that lets you preview your design before taking its printout. The same option lets you save your design as a PDF.

3] FreeCAD

FreeCAD Document

3D Studio mesh

Autodesk DWG 2D

Autodesk DXF 2D

Open CAD format

OpenSCAD CSG format


Sweet Home 3D XML format

It is a free 3D modeling software that lets you create 3D designs of machines, buildings, etc., which makes it a suitable tool for architects, mechanical engineers, constructors, etc. In FreeCAD, you can work on multiple projects at the same time. All the projects will be opened in a separate tab. Depending on the type of project you are working on, you can select the workbench. Following are some FreeCAD built-in workbenches:

Arch workbench: It contains architectural elements.

Draft workbench: It contains 2D tools and is suitable for basic 2D and 3D operations.

Image workbench: Select this workbench when you are working with bitmap images.

Part workbench: Select this workbench when you are working with CAD parts.

You can download FreeCAD from its official website,

Read: Best free CAD software for Windows.

4] LibreCAD

LibreCAD also has the custom Menu Creator and Toolbar Creator tools, using which you can create your custom Menu bar and Toolbar. These options are available in the Widgets menu. In LibreCAD, you can work on multiple projects at the same time. But for this, you have to enable the Tab mode. You will find this option under the Drawings menu.

Talking about the file format support, you can open your projects in LibreCAD if they are in the following formats:

Drawing exchange (.dxf)

QCad (.dxf)

DWG Drawing (.dwg)

JWW Drawing (.jww), etc.

After completing your project, you can save it in different formats (.dxf, .iff, .cff) and export it as a pdf or an image. You download LibreCAD from its official website,

5] DreamPlan Home Design Software

DreamPlan Home Design Software is another powerful architecture software for architects. Its free version is available only for non-commercial purposes. If you want to use DreamPlan for commercial purposes, you have to purchase it. It comes with some pre-designed sample projects of home, room, floorplan, restaurant, and landscape. You can edit these designs or create a new one from scratch.

You can create a multi-story building using DreamPlan Home Design Software. Three types of views are available for your project, namely, 3D view, 2D Blueprint view, and 2D Render view. You can access all the objects to decorate your design from the menu bar.

Read: Best Home Design apps for Windows from the Microsoft Store.

Which free software is the best for architectural design?

There are many free architecture software available on the internet. The features offered by different architecture software are different from one another. Also, you will find some unique features in every architecture software that makes it different from the others. To decide which free software is the best for you to create architectural designs, you can install some of them and see if they offer the features that you need.

What is the easiest Architecture software?

If you are looking for some free and easiest Architect software, you can install Sweet Home 3D, pConPlanner, DreamPlan Home Design Software, etc. These free software have a simple user interface that makes them easy to use for beginners.

That’s it.

Read next: Best free Bridge Design software for Windows.

Free Intrusion Detection And Prevention Software For Windows Pc

Cybercriminals are working hard these days to gain access to your business and home networks and it, therefore, becomes imperative that you take all possible steps to secure your Windows system. If you have an Intrusion Detection Software (IDS) or an Intrusion Prevention Software (IPS) installed on your computers, servers or nodes, it will an additional layer of security to your computer.

Intrusion Detection & Intrusion Prevention software

An intrusion detection software basically checks for changes that are made by unwanted programs that could be injected into your systems by cybercriminals. All of them study the data packets – incoming and outgoing – to see what kind of data is being transferred and alerts you in case it finds any kind of suspicious activities on the computer or network.

There are many intrusion detection software available in the market. The functioning of different software depends upon how they are coded, but most of them check data packet signatures, changes made to computer registry or other areas of interest such as startup programs, the format of data packets, etc so that that they can trace possible intrusions on behalf of cybercriminals.

Intrusion detection software are of two types. One is the Host-based intrusion detection system and the other is Network-based intrusion detection system. The network-based intrusion detection system relies on data packets traveling on the network to make sure everything is alright. It works by comparing data packets by known types of attacks and by finding out irregularities in data packets traveling on the network. Examples of anomalies could be missing signatures, improper type of data packet etc.

The host-based intrusion system relies more on system settings to see if there is any kind of compromise or if any software is trying to force changes on your computer or computer network.

So in short, an IDS keeps an eye on data packets traveling over the network and alerts you when an attack is suspected or when a policy violation happens. It will inform you that someone is trying to get into your computer and explain what happened during the cyber attack, whereas an IPS will attempt to stop it and prevent access. An IDS detects unauthorized activity, whereas an IPS will block unauthorized packets that match a particular malicious signature.

Intrusion Detection & Prevention Software

Here is the list of 3 free intrusion detection software for your Windows system – Snort, OSSEC for Enterprise use, and WinPatrol. Snort and OSSEC are network intrusion detection systems while WinPatrol is Host-based Intrusion detection.

OSSEC Free IDS for Businesses

OSSEC is an Open Source Host-based Intrusion Detection System that performs log analysis, file integrity checking, policy monitoring, rootkit detection, real-time alerting and active response and runs on almost all platforms like Windows, Linux, Polaris and Mac. This open-source tool keeps an eye on data traveling on your network and alerts you in case of irregularities. It also keeps a log that provides you with details of what happened so that you can zero in on decisions.

OSSEC will check for policy violations, file integrity, log analysis and offers real-time alerts and active responses. As such, it is good for small businesses and also for home networks. The configuration is a little tough for those who do not have much knowledge of networks but it does its work pretty well and hence is recommended. Documentation is available, so most users who are not well versed with networks can refer to the documentation in case of doubts and questions.

Open-Source Snort Intrusion Detection and Prevention Software

Snort is an open-source network intrusion prevention and detection system (IDS/IPS) developed by Sourcefire, which combines the benefits of signature, protocol, and anomaly-based inspection. It has plenty of options that help you customize it to your company’s needs. It is good for both business and home use. It can be run on servers with multiple nodes or on a standalone system.

This tool available at chúng tôi checks the different aspects of packets and logs all irregularities so that you can check them if you feel something suspicious happens. It alerts you if any such irregularities are detected and help you dig into it by providing you the logs. It checks packet signatures, packet format, network IDs and more before allowing a packet to enter your network.

The commercial version of Snort has plenty more features, but if your business needs are small, the free version of the open-source Snort is good enough to take care of any possible intrusions.

WinPatrol for home computers

Both Snort and OSSEC are good for business networks. You can use WinPatrol in addition to the above or as a standalone package on standalone computers. I will not recommend it for networks where chances of anomalies are high, but for those who need a simple intrusion detection system that they can run on their home computers, WinPatrol, as a simple intrusion detection software, is the best as it is easy to use.

One just needs to install it and it takes care of everything on the computer. Other than network packets, it also checks for registry changes and some other things that make it a perfect tool for moderate computer users. It offers real-time protection against changes made to the registry, startup programs, Internet options, and more. There are both paid and free versions of the software. The paid version offers more details about a possible intrusion, but for most of home computers, the free version is sufficient.

Does Windows have intrusion detection? What is the best intrusion prevention system?

There are multiple intrusion prevention systems available in the market for Windows 11 and Windows 10. For example, you can use OSSEC Free IDS for Businesses, which is an open-source tool and compatible with Windows 11/10. On the other hand, you can also use Snort, which is probably the best on the market.

HitmanPro.Alert is a free browser integrity & intrusion detection tool you may want to also check out! This Anti-Hacker software can make your Windows computer hacker-proof.

Everyone has their own favorite freeware. Let us know if you have any suggestions or observations to make.

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