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Google’s AI chat service is called Bard. But what does Bard actually stand for? Let’s dive into the search results and explore the meaning behind this intriguing name.

When it comes to the meaning of Bard in the context of Google’s AI chat service, it stands for “Poet”. The name is a direct reference to William Shakespeare, widely regarded as the Bard of Avalon. By associating Bard with the renowned poet, Google aims to highlight the chatbot’s creative abilities in generating authentic and unique content .

Apart from the poetic connotation, Bard is also an acronym that stands for “Language Model for Dialogue Applications” . As an AI-powered chatbot tool designed by Google, Bard utilizes natural language processing and machine learning to simulate human conversations. This acronym encapsulates the underlying technology and purpose of Bard, emphasizing its ability to engage in meaningful and contextually relevant dialogues.

See More: How to Get Bard AI in Google Search Results

To understand Bard fully, we must explore LaMDA, which stands for “Language Model for Dialogue Applications” . LaMDA serves as the machine learning model behind the Bard chatbot, powering its intelligence and conversational capabilities . Trained on extensive text samples, LaMDA enables Bard to generate a wide range of content, including poetry, song lyrics, storytelling, and articles .

Bard’s primary purpose is to act as a generative AI chatbot capable of producing human-sounding text and engaging in conversations . Leveraging natural language processing and machine learning, Bard responds to prompts and questions, creating compelling and contextually appropriate content. Whether you need assistance with writing an article, composing song lyrics, or crafting engaging social media content, Bard is equipped to deliver.

Before reaching the general public, Bard underwent rigorous testing and refinement. It was initially released to a select group of “trusted testers” for internal and external feedback . These extensive testing phases ensured that Bard was ready to meet Google’s AI responsibility standards and provide a seamless user experience.

On March 21, 2023, Google began opening access to Bard by inviting users to join a waitlist. This approach allowed Google to manage the initial user influx while refining the chatbot’s performance. As of May 12, 2023, the waitlist has been closed, and Bard is now available to everyone who registered. Users worldwide can now access Bard’s AI-powered conversational capabilities in over 180 countries and territories .

More Useful: Google Bard AI Chatbot Login on Android & Use

1. Q: Can Bard generate realistic poetry?

A: Yes, Bard’s creative abilities enable it to generate realistic and authentic poetry that mimics the style of different poets.

2. Q: Is Bard capable of composing song lyrics?

A: Absolutely! Bard can generate song lyrics across various genres, helping musicians and artists find inspiration.

3. Q: Can Bard tell stories or create narratives?

A: Yes, Bard excels at storytelling and can produce engaging narratives based on the given prompts or themes.

4. Q: How does Bard generate content that sounds human-like?

5. Q: Can Bard provide factual information or answer questions about specific topics?

A: While Bard has access to a vast amount of information, it’s important to note that it primarily focuses on generating creative and contextually relevant text rather than providing factual information. For specific inquiries, it’s best to rely on trusted sources or specialized search engines.

6. Q: Can Bard engage in multi-turn conversations?

A: Yes, Bard is designed to handle multi-turn conversations. It can maintain context and coherence across multiple exchanges, allowing users to have more in-depth and interactive dialogues.

7. Q: Does Bard have personality or personal opinions?

A: Bard is an AI chatbot and doesn’t have personal opinions or a distinct personality. It aims to provide helpful and informative responses based on the input it receives.

8. Q: How does Google ensure the responsible use of Bard?

A: Google has implemented various measures to ensure the responsible use of Bard. This includes extensive testing and evaluation, monitoring user interactions, and enforcing strict content guidelines to prevent misuse or harmful outputs.

9. Q: Can users contribute to Bard’s training or improvement?

A: As of my knowledge cutoff in September 2023, Google did not provide an open platform for users to directly contribute to Bard’s training or improvement. However, Google’s ongoing research and development efforts continue to enhance Bard’s capabilities.

10. Q: How can I access Bard?

A: To access Bard, you need to visit the official Bard website or platform provided by Google. As of May 2023, it is available to registered users in over 180 countries and territories.

Please note that specific details about Bard’s functionalities and availability may have changed since my last update in September 2023. For the most accurate and up-to-date information, I recommend visiting Google’s official sources or checking the latest news regarding Bard.

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Integron: What Does It Contain And What Does It Do?


Mobile genetic elements, class 1 integron, horizontal or lateral gene transfer, homologous recombination, transposition, transformation, conjugation, transduction, antibiotic resistance.


Integrons are genetic elements able to acquire and rearrange open reading frames (ORFs) embedded in gene cassette units and convert them to functional genes by ensuring their correct expression. They are widely known for their role in the dissemination of antibiotic resistance, particularly among gram-negative bacterial pathogens.

Their role has been broadened with the discovery of chromosomal integron (CI) structures in the genomes of hundreds of bacterial species. Integrons are chromosomal elements, and their mobilization onto plasmids has been fostered by transposons and selected by the intensive use of antibiotics.

Integrons occur in all environments, can move between species and lineages over evolutionary time frames and have access to a vast pool of novel genes whose functions are largely yet to be determined.

Over the last decade, exploration of integron diversity in natural environments has shown that they are more than just a curious feature of antibiotic-resistant pathogens but have a more general and important role in bacterial adaptation and genome evolution.


Integrons may be found as part of mobile genetic elements such as plasmids and transposons. Integrons can also be found in chromosomes.


Integrons term has been used for various cassette array lengths or for integrons on bacterial chromosomes (plasmids). An integron located on a bacterial chromosome is termed a sedentary chromosomal integron, and one associated with transposons or plasmids is called a mobile integron.

Structure of Integrons

All integrons share three essential core features, whose combined activities capture and subsequently express exogenous genes as part of gene cassettes.

a gene encoding for a site-specific recombinase: intI, belonging to the integrase family.

a proximal recombination site: attI, which is recognized by the integrase and at which gene cassettes may be inserted.

a promoter: Pc, which directs transcription of cassette-encoded genes.

Gene cassettes

An integron will usually contain one or more gene cassettes that have been incorporated into it. The gene cassettes may encode genes for antibiotic resistance, although most genes in integrons are uncharacterized. An attC sequence is a repeat that flanks cassettes and enables cassettes to be integrated at the attI site, excised, and undergo horizontal gene transfer.


Cassette maintenance requires that they be integrated within a replicative element (chromosome, plasmids). The integrase encoded by the integron preferentially catalyzes two types of recombination reaction:

attC x attC, which results in cassette excision.

attI x attC, which allows integration of the cassette at the attI site of the integron.

Once inserted, the cassette is maintained during cell division. Successive integrations of gene cassettes result in the formation of a series of cassettes. The cassette integrated last is then the one closest to the Pc promoter at the attI site. The IntI-catalyzed mode of recombination involves structured single-stranded DNA and gives the attC site recognition mode unique characteristics.

The integration of gene cassettes within an integron also provides a Pc promoter that allows expression of all cassettes in the array, much like an operon. The level of gene expression of a cassette is then a function of the number and nature of the cassettes that precede it.

In 2009, Didier Mazel and his team showed that the expression of the IntI integrase was controlled by the bacterial SOS response, thus coupling this adaptive apparatus to the stress response in bacteria.

Integrons in the Present: The Rise of Antibiotic Resistance

Integrons are major players in the spread of antibiotic resistance, particularly in Gram-negative pathogens. There are five classes of “mobile” integrons, all associated with antibiotic resistance: classes 1, 2, and 3, usually recovered from clinical contexts; class 4, found on the SXT element of Vibrio cholerae; and class 5, found on the pRSV1 plasmid of Alivibrio salmonicida.

Origin of class 1 integrons as vectors for antibiotic resistance

Origin of class 2 clinical integrons

Origin of class 3 clinical integrons

Integrons in the Future

DNA elements have made their way into diverse bacterial hosts, both commensals and pathogens, which have, in turn, colonized humans, their companion animals, and them domesticates.

The result is that integrons, their antibiotic resistance genes, and the mobile DNA elements they reside upon have become widely distributed, highly diverse, and abundant in human-dominated ecosystems. Integrons are exquisitely positioned to sample and express potentially any gene in the biosphere and to do so without perturbing existing genes. Consequently, they have the power to promote adaptation to changing environmental conditions by rapidly generating genetic variation.

This allows integron-containing cells to overcome human strategies for controlling bacterial growth, but it also offers rich opportunities for gene prospecting and construction of new biosynthetic pathways.


Integrons are remarkable genetic platforms with the ability to acquire, rearrange, and express diverse genes sampled from the microbial pangenome. Integrons are far more than a curious phenomenon of clinical concern.

They are an ancient, diverse, and widespread mechanism for generating genomic novelty and triggering adaptive responses in bacteria. It provides a powerful platform for biotechnology, where potentially any gene could be accessed, manipulated, and expressed using integron activity.

It would also improve the potential of using integrons as platforms for synthetic biology. There is potential for better health outcomes, better environmental management, and better understanding of the broad sweep of microbial evolution.

What Does “Idle” Mean On Discord?

Discord is a communication app popular with gamers, but it’s also a big hit with other types of users. You can create chat groups, known as Discord servers, and build communities around a shared hobby or interest. One of the most useful features that Discord and other similar VoIP apps have is the ability for users to set their status, like idle or invisible. In this article, you will learn what Idle on Discord means and how to set it manually yourself.

What Is a Discord Status?

Discord automatically sets your status depending on your activity on the app or a game. The user’s status is displayed as a small icon of different shapes and colors on their profile avatar. New users are often confused about what the yellow crescent moon next to the user’s avatar means. This is the symbol for the idle status, and we will see what it means.

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What Does Idle Mean on Discord?

When you see someone having an idle status in Discord means they haven’t been active for a certain amount of time. Discord automatically sets the idle status after 5 minutes of inactivity. So any message you might have sent to that person has yet to be seen. But that doesn’t mean they’re offline or have lost their internet connection.

Idle means that the user is Away From Keyboard (AFK). This term is quite familiar among gamers. The user still has the Discord app open on their device and is logged in. Sometimes people simply step away from their computer or have the Discord app running in the background while doing something else on their devices. Discord’s idle status is a warning for other Discord users that this person is away and might not immediately respond to messages.

How to Manually Set Idle Status on the Desktop App

Although Discord sets your status automatically based on your activity, you can also set it manually. You can let others on the Discord server know that you are AFK immediately instead of waiting for the app to do it.

Here’s how:

1. Open the Discord app and log in.

3. A pop-up window will open. Find a green circle that shows you’re online and mouse over it.

5. A side menu will open with different statuses available on Discord.

You have now set your status to idle, and you can see a small crescent moon next to your avatar in the right sidebar. Other users on your server will see it too, and so will everyone on your friend list.

How to Manually Set Idle Status on the Mobile App

Discord is also available on both Android and iOS devices. If you use Discord on your phone, you can manually set the idle status.

1. Open the Discord app on Android or iPhone and ensure you are logged in.

2. Tap on your profile image in the bottom-right corner of your screen.

3. A new menu will open with different options. Select Set Status.

4. A new window will give you different status options to choose from. Tap on Idle.

That’s it! You successfully set your status to “Idle” on your Discord mobile app.

Other Discord Status Icons Meanings

As you already noticed, Discord has a variety of statuses available to you. Here is a quick guide to what each of them means:


: A green circle icon lets members of a server, or your friends, know that you are on Discord and available. If you set your status to Online, people expect you to receive, read and react to their messages.

Do Not Disturb

(DnD for short): This status will let your friends and server members know that although you are online, you are not available for chat. The symbol of this status is a red circle in the corner of your avatar or profile icon. DnD status will also turn off all Discord-related notifications, so you won’t know if someone messages you. The Do Not Disturb status has to be set manually.


: This simply means that you’re streaming a game or a video on Twitch. You will have to link Discord to your Twitch account and enable the special streamer mode on Discord to show this status. Once this mode is on, Discord can detect when you start streaming and automatically set the appropriate status.


: This means you’re not logged in, and you’re not using the Discord app at the moment. This is the default status others will see if you’re logged out of your Discord account or your device is off. A gray circle represents it.


: The invisible status looks just like the offline symbol. However, you’re still logged into your Discord account and can see and interact with the application. This status is used when you don’t want others to know you are online.

7. Phone: This status is represented by a small green smartphone icon next to your profile picture. It simply means you’re using your phone to access Discord.

8. Custom status message. Discord will allow you to set a custom status message for Online, Idle, Invisible, and Do Not Disturb status types. For example, you can explain why you chose a certain status or mention your favorite joke. There are no rules, and you can be creative.

Discord is a user-friendly communication app with many modern features and customization options. Give it a shot! You can connect Spotify to Discord and share your favorite tunes with your friends.

What Does ‘Cloud Computing’ Mean, Exactly?

With so much talk about “cloud computing,” it’s easy to feel lost in the clouds. If you either don’t understand the term, or don’t see a reason for it, you’re in good company.

Take Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer, for one. During his recent Churchill Club appearance, Ballmer dismissed the uniqueness of the concept by saying, “When people talk about cloud computing, they’re talking just about taking some stuff, putting it outside the firewall, and perhaps putting it on servers that are also shared or storage systems.”

Oracle’s always-quotable CEO Larry Ellison went one better, according the Wall Street Journal. Ellison declared during a recent analyst conference, “The computer industry is the only industry that is more fashion-driven than women’s fashion. Maybe I’m an idiot, but I have no idea what anyone is talking about. What is it? It’s complete gibberish. It’s insane. When is this idiocy going to stop?”

According to Gartner, you can blame hardware and software vendors for the confusion — and the apparent outrage it’s spawning. David Smith, a vice president and research fellow at the analyst firm, said he agreed that “cloud computing” represents another take on well-worn concepts, brought about as vendors slap the latest buzzword on their products if they think it will help them sell.

But Ballmer and Ellison aren’t alone in blasting the trend — with growing dissatisfaction over “cloud computing” bringing none other than Free Software Foundation guru Richard Stallman into the fray.

“It’s stupidity. It’s worse than stupidity: it’s a marketing hype campaign,” he said.

Blame the vendors?

Gartner’s Smith said he understands that Ballmer and Ellison blasted the concept in part to defend their turf against competing software models. But they also were reacting to the confusion caused by overuse of the term.

“The only people who aren’t confused [by the term] are the ones with a myopic view of it, where they look at one little thing and say everyone else is wrong,” Smith told chúng tôi “There is a fair amount of honest confusion [and] a fair amount of vendors confusing people. Not on purpose, just trying to paint what they are offering with the latest buzzword du jour.”

Indeed, “cloud computing” is appearing on products and services far and wide. Dell (NASDAQ: DELL) tried to trademark the term, which it used for its servers, but was denied by the Patent and Trademark Office.

Evidently, Microsoft (NASDAQ: MSFT) and Oracle aren’t themselves completely immune. Ballmer, now in London for the Cloud Computing Expo, announced Microsoft has a new Windows platform in the works, Windows Cloud. The offering is designed to support cloud-based applications. IDG News Service, which carried the report, said more details of Windows Cloud would come out during Microsoft’s Professional Developer Conference at the end of this month.

Meanwhile, Amazon (NASDAQ: AMZN) unveiled its latest cloud service, allowing customers to run Windows Server and SQL Server database on its Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) service.

Just last week, Amazon and Oracle (NASDAQ: ORCL) jointly showed off Oracle software that would be run on EC2, as well.

What All Happened In Google I/O 2023?

Google I/O is a highly anticipated annual developer conference hosted by Google, where the company showcases its latest technologies and products. This year’s event, held in May 2023, did not disappoint. It was a thrilling showcase of AI-centered innovations that gave developers and consumers alike an exciting glimpse into the future of technology. Some of the main announcements at the conference include updates on Google Bard, the launch of PALM 2, and new features such as immersive maps and the Magic Editor. Let’s see what were the main Google io highlights.

Google’s Evolution as an “AI-First” Company Product Announcements at Google I/O 2023

Here are the most exciting product announcements from Google I/O 2023:

1. Duet AI for Google Workspace Enhancements:

Google Workspace is harnessing the power of generative AI to unlock new ways of working so people can create, connect, and grow together. Writing is now easier with the help of AI in Workspace, which includes AI in Gmail, Docs, Sheets, and Slides. Generative AI in Gmail allows users to formalize notes into appropriate emails.

2. Immersive View for Routes on Google Maps:

Google Maps will now offer personalized recommendations, real time public transit information, and a new augmented reality navigation feature called “Live View Plus.”

3. Magic Editor Feature on Google Photos:

Google Photos has introduced a new photo editing feature called “Magic Editor.” This feature uses AI to suggest edits based on the user’s preferences and the content of the photo. It can automatically adjust brightness, contrast, and other settings to improve the overall look of the image. Additionally, Pixel users will have early access to the tool.

4. Conversational AI Search Feature on Google:

Google has introduced a new Generative AI Search feature that allows users to discover and explore topics in a more creative and diverse way. This feature uses AI-based algorithms to generate related concepts, ideas, and images based on the user’s search query.

5. Palm 2 Language Model:

Palm 2 is a large-scale, general-purpose language model that uses unsupervised learning to improve the accuracy of NLP tasks such as text classification and sentiment analysis. The model achieves state-of-the-art performance on several benchmark datasets and can be trained on a wide range of languages & domains.

6. Updates to Bard AI-Language Model:

Google Bard is a conversational AI that can generate natural-sounding responses to text inputs. The new updates include improvements to the model’s ability to handle complex conversations spanning multiple topics. It is also updated to provide more accurate and informative responses. Additionally, Bard can now recognize and respond to user emotions and provide customized responses based on the user’s mood.

7. Integration of Bard AI Into Adobe Firefly Platform:

Adobe has announced that it is partnering with Google to integrate the Bard AI language model into its Adobe Firefly development platform and Adobe Express digital experience platform. This partnership will enable developers to create conversational experiences using natural language processing and optimize them for different platforms.

8. Med-PaLM:

Med-PALM is an AI model that can predict patient outcomes based on medical images and electronic health records. The model uses a technique called self-supervised learning. This allows it to learn from large amounts of data without being explicitly labeled. Google hopes that Med-PALM could help doctors make more accurate diagnoses and improve patient care.

9. MusicVAE:

Google has introduced a new AI project called MusicVAE in its AI test kitchen, which uses machine learning (ML) algorithms to generate original music. This platform lets users create their own music with simple ideas.

10. StudioBot:

StudioBot is an AI-powered feature that aims to help developers find the right answer to their programming queries. It uses NLP & ML models to understand the intent behind a developer’s question and provide relevant code snippets and documentation.

Our Say

These were the main highlights of Google IO Conference. Google I/O 2023 was a showcase of the latest AI-centered innovations by Google. The company’s focus on AI and natural language processing was evident throughout the conference. They announced a number of exciting products, such as the PaLM 2 language model, and Immersive View on Google Maps. They also announced the launch of the Magic Editor Feature on Google Photos, the Conversational AI Search Feature on Google, and many others. With AI updates to existing products and new AI projects in the works, Google is continuing to evolve as an “AI-first” company, driving innovation across all its products and services. The future of technology, as shown to developers and consumers at the Google I/O 2023, looks bright and promising.


What Does End Of Life Mean For Software And Should You Care?

Before we begin, understand that this article also addresses operating systems (OS), specifically Windows, but the principles could apply to any software, app, or OS.

When you hear or get notification that your software is nearing End of Life  (EOL), it’s a bit disconcerting. It sounds so final, as though your software is just going to stop working on a certain date at a certain time. Rest easy, as this is not the case. The term is just very dramatic. We’ll go into what it really means later in the article.

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First, let’s look at something called a product life cycle.

What is The Product Life Cycle?

Any product that you can buy has a life cycle, and therefore a finite life. It consists of four stages: development, growth, maturity, and decline.

Development – This is exactly what it sounds like. It’s the period in which the software is developed and initially marketed and adopted or sold. In this stage, the software might still have some small issues or be lacking in features.

Growth – As awareness of the software grows and the software becomes more stable, it enters a growth phase. Sales or distribution of the software begins to accelerate. Because software is something that can be changed while in use, there may be some more updates and a few features introduced.

Maturity – The software has reached its peak sales or distribution. There is ongoing support for the software, but generally speaking, there aren’t any major updates or feature enhancements.

Decline – For a number of possible reasons, the sales and distribution of the software begins to go down. It could be because it’s no longer really needed, a better competing product came along, it’s not keeping up with the needs of the user, or other reasons. The point is, it’s not selling that well.

If you were to graph this process by number of sales or units distributed, it may look something like this:

You can see that the decline is not conducive to good business. At some point, the people publishing the software just don’t

A good publisher will make a very public EoL announcement detailing the End of Sale (EoS) date and the EoL date.

What is End of Sale Date?

The short answer is the date that the publisher stops selling or distributing the software. It’s often also the date that the last update of any kind would be pushed out. It will no longer be listed for sale or download on the official channels of sale. You’ll no longer be able to get quotes on the cost either.

This doesn’t always mean that the software gets pulled off the shelves of retailers carrying it though. Although, boxed software is almost not a thing anymore. Still, be aware that when you’re buying a version of software that’s been out for a few years, you might be getting something that is already EoS or nearly EoL.

What is End of Life?

When software or an app gets to the decline phase of the product life cycle, the end of life is near. It happens somewhere in that phase. Sometimes closer to the start of the decline and sometimes they hang on to the very end.

That’s a decision that is up to them based on their values. Usually it is preceded by an end of sale point, where you just can’t buy or get the software anymore.

EoL  means any, or even all, of the following for that app, OS, or software:

Major feature releases may be supported for a fixed period of time after the EoL date..

Technical support, workarounds, and bug fixes will stop.

Support during the period between EoS and EoL may only be available to those with a paid support contract.

Online support documentation, wikis, or forums may be archived or taken offline on the EoL date or another specified date.

Requests for features will not be accepted.

Validation of software installs may not work.

Official training for the software may no longer be available.

What Problems Could Software End of Life Cause Me?

You may look at the list above and think, “That’s not a big deal. The software still works and it’ll have all the updates it’ll ever need. Plus, I already know how to use it and there’s lots of other forums and blogs with information about it. Why would I bother getting the newest version?”

That’s a valid way to look at it. However, it’s an incomplete way to look at it.

Let’s take a look at some of the problems EoL software could give you.

Security Issues

This is likely the most important reason. Just because your software or OS has been out for 15 years doesn’t mean all the holes have been patched. Most likely, all the holes haven’t even been found.

A blunt explanation of this comes from Scott Kinka, chief technology officer at Evolve IP at the time that he was quoted on chúng tôi in the article, “Is It Still Safe for Businesses to Use Windows XP?”

Kinka said, because Microsoft would no longer be sending updates for the old Windows XP, “Just assume someone is on your PC while you’re working. Every password, trade secret and bit of personal information is at risk.”

Consider that Windows XP is now 18 years old and is still on about 4% of computers worldwide, according to chúng tôi That doesn’t sound like much, but let’s assume there’s a billion desktop computers worldwide. Four percent of a billion is 40 million computers. Some in people’s homes, and some in businesses. That’s a big problem.

If that wasn’t bad enough, the holes that go unnoticed in EoL software can also be in the newer version.

Roger A. Grimes’ article, “Zero-days aren’t the problem — patches are” talks about how hackers look at patches to find the vulnerability that it’s meant to patch. Why? Because a lot of these patches don’t get applied, and they definitely don’t get applied to EoL software because no patches are available. So the patch becomes like a flare in the sky showing where the problem is, and how to exploit it.

Sure, that’s horrible for an old operating system, but does software present as big a problem? Yes, if that software interacts with the Internet in any way, it’s as big a hole. Most office suite programs can connect to the Internet or receive files from the Internet that could open holes. Don’t forget web browsers are software too!

Regulatory or Legal Issues

Whether you’re running a business out of your home or just use software to do things like file taxes, you may run into regulatory or legal issues.

Let’s say that you’re using accounting software that has gone EoL. It’s no longer receiving the updates needed to stay current with tax and business laws. So the files and information it prepares may not meet current regulations. This could result in missed tax refund opportunities, rejected tax returns, or even audits and fines. You don’t need that.

Another example might be that you’re doing some medical transcription at home. If some piece of old software has left your computer open to hackers, you might be leaking very personal medical information and not know it. Yet, you’re still accountable for that.


Although usually a minor issue, it is highly frustrating when someone sends you a file that isn’t compatible with your software.

done in Excel 365 but all you’ve got is Excel 2010. The functions in the 365 version might not work on 2010 so you wouldn’t know what your bonus was going to be.

Worse yet would be sending your resume done in an old version of Word and having all the formatting fall apart because the employer is using Office 365. How horrible would that be?

Decreased Reliability

All things degrade over time. Software is no exception. How it happens is a topic that would fill another article, but nonetheless it happens. Over time, you find that the application crashes more often and you lose your work.

Weird bugs creep up making it harder to do what you’re trying to do. Do you really need the frustration and time lost? Of course not.

Outdated Skills

Using Microsoft Office as an example again, how are you going to keep your skills relevant if you’re still working on Office 2003 and most of the world has moved on to Office 365. Office 365 is about 16 years newer and has features and integration that you couldn’t have dreamt of back in 2003.

The more competent you are with the newest versions of software and operating systems, no matter what your line of work, the more competitive you’ll be in the job market. That means better jobs and better pay. If your line of work is technical, even more so.


How will staying with EoL software cost you money? We’ve already seen that it could cost you job opportunities, waste your time, and even put you in legal hot water.

All of those things come back to money out of your pocket either literally or in opportunity cost. But there can be other costs associated with maintenance of your computer.

If you’re using EoL software, it could cause your newer operating system issues. Figuring out that it is the old software is beyond the skill set of the average person, so you might end up taking it to the nearest computer shop.

If you’re lucky, that shop will have experienced technicians who will know how to diagnose the problem quickly and recommend you upgrade the software.

Plus, they’re still going to recommend you upgrade the software. Save yourself some time and money and just update it as soon as you know about the EoL date.

How Do I Know if My Software is Reaching End of Life?

If you’ve registered your software or signed up for updates, you may receive a few emails leading up to the EoL date.

If you know your software is older and start hearing about a new version coming out, you’ll want to go to the developer’s website and search out the EoL date for your version. Or you can get on a search engine and find it that way.

For your convenience, here are some of the EoL pages for a few major software producers:

Microsoft – Search Product Life Cycle Adobe End of Life Matrix Google Apps End of Life Announcements Google Chrome OS Devices Google Pixel and Nexus Devices Apple Vintage and Obsolete Products

(Apple isn’t very forthcoming on EoL dates like other companies.)

Yes, You Should Care About Software End of Life

To conclude, yes, you should care. You should care because you care about your time, money, privacy, peace of mind, and yourself in general.

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