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Less than a month after rolling out Windows 11 as its latest desktop operating system to Insiders in the Dev channel, Microsoft has now announced Windows 365, its new thin Windows PC client for businesses in the Cloud. It arrives as an expansion to the Microsoft 365 software suite. So, what is Windows 365 Cloud PC, how does it work, and how it differs from Microsoft’s existing remote desktop solution, Azure Virtual Desktop? That’s exactly what we will discuss in this article.

Windows 365 Cloud PC: Explained (2023)

Microsoft has described Windows 365 as a “cloud service that introduces a new way to experience Windows 10 or Windows 11 … to businesses of all sizes”. However, many are already arguing that it’s a whole lot of PR to repackage Azure Virtual Desktop in a more swanky avatar at a premium price. We will try to get to the bottom of it as part of our in-depth look at the upcoming Cloud PC service in this article.

What is Windows 365?

Windows 365 is a new SaaS (Software as a Service) offering from Microsoft, combining the power, security, and convenience of the cloud with the versatility and simplicity of a client PC. Much like the Azure Virtual Desktop, the new service delivers a cloud virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) platform that offers virtual desktops and remote apps for a subscription fee. In a press statement, Microsoft expressed hope that the new Windows 365 service will help teams and organizations be more agile and productive.

According to Microsoft, Windows 365 would allow users to “securely stream (their) personalized Windows experience, including the desktop, apps, settings, and content, at any time to any device.” The company claims that the service would modernize the way Windows experiences are delivered for anyone on any device. Plus, it would also offer a premium experience to end-users, who no longer need to worry about the PC slowing down or a spotty internet connection. “It’s easy to use and just as easy for IT to manage using familiar tools and processes,” said Microsoft in its official Windows 365 documentation.

Windows 365 Target Audience

Windows 365 is strictly an enterprise offering and not a consumer product for retail users. Businesses of all sizes are eligible to sign up for this Cloud PC service, meaning small companies with only a handful of employees as well as large corporations with thousands of workers spread across multiple locations around the world can all use Windows 365.

According to Microsoft chairman and CEO Satya Nadella, Windows 365 would provide “organizations with greater flexibility and a secure way to empower their workforce to be more productive and connected, regardless of location.”

Even though businesses with even a single employee can technically sign-up for Windows 365, they will still have to deploy it by going through the same arduous process of creating, assigning, and managing the remote virtual desktop service through Microsoft Endpoint Manager – a complex and time-consuming task best left to corporate IT departments.

Windows 365 Security

Microsoft is harping on security as one of the cornerstones of Windows 365. According to the company, the product is “secure by design” and built with the principles of Zero Trust. With cybersecurity threats on the rise, you expect nothing less from a service that will have access to all of your confidential corporate data, which could be of immense benefit for cyber-criminals if they can break into the system.

According to Microsoft, your information in Windows 365 is stored in the cloud and not on the device, making it highly secure even when employees access the service from unsecured devices. Of course, you would expect any company to dwell extensively on the security apparatus for any enterprise-oriented offering. That’s especially true for a cloud-based service that may have major consequences if malicious actors get access to private data in any way, shape, or form.

How to Set up Your Windows 365 Cloud PC?

As we have mentioned already, the Windows 365 setup process is complex, arduous, and best left to professional IT managers. Microsoft has designed the product as a fully-managed service that will require IT to assign and configure Cloud PCs using enterprise tools like Microsoft Endpoint Manager.

One of the interesting aspects of Windows 365 is the ability to change the Cloud PC’s specs to match the demand on that device. According to Microsoft, this nifty feature will help organizations dedicate the right amount of resources to various users based on their requirements.

This ability to upgrade specs on the fly is new for Cloud PCs. As part of the plan, every virtual PC assigned to every user will have a “Resource Performance Score”, which will inform IT managers about how well a remote PC is performing. In case of a weak score, you can add more RAM, CPU cores, or storage resources for that particular user.

Windows 365 vs Azure Virtual Desktop: What’s the Difference?

Microsoft is yet to announce all the details for its upcoming remote desktop service, so it’s difficult to pinpoint every similarity and difference between the two services. However, as per Microsoft’s official blog post, the Windows 365 service will be far more streamlined than the existing Azure Virtual Desktop solution.

Cloud PCs are now much easier to set up for IT admins and much easier to use for remote workers. It will also apparently involve none of the complexity of setting up a full remote desktop environment in the Azure cloud, making it easier to deploy.

Windows 365: Device Compatibility

Windows 365: Price and Launch Date

Microsoft is yet to announce anything on the pricing front but has mistakenly revealed one of the subscription tiers. While the price of the lowest-end Windows 365 Cloud PC with a single CPU, 2GB of RAM, and 64GB of storage is still under wraps, the Cloud PC with two CPUs, 4GB of RAM, and 128GB of storage is priced at $31/ month per user. That’s not all, though. The Redmond giant will offer more SKUs, giving IT admins the choice to deploy an even powerful Windows 365 PC for remote workers.

Moreover, the Redmond giant has confirmed an official launch date for its new remote desktop service. Windows 365 will be available to businesses of all sizes starting from August 2, 2023. We will update this article with more pricing-related details once the service goes live next month.

Windows 365: Old Wine in a New Bottle?

While Windows 365 is a thin client at its core, the idea could still take off if Microsoft can market it right. Either way, the company says it will share more details about the service when it launches next month. Until then, it is anybody’s guess as to how the service will be received and how it will fare in the long run. It will be interesting to see if many businesses will upgrade to Windows 365 from Azure Virtual Desktop? Meanwhile, on the question of virtualization services, check out how to install Hyper-V on Windows 10 Home and how to run Android on Linux using virtual machine.

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What Is Windows Activation And How Does It Work?

Windows Activation is an anti-piracy method from Microsoft that makes sure every copy of Windows OS that’s installed on a computer is genuine. I am sure you must have seen the Windows Activation message on your computer, and in this post, we will talk about what Windows Activation is and how it works.

Activation helps verify that your copy of Windows is genuine and hasn’t been used on more devices than the Microsoft Software License Terms allow. Depending on how you got your copy of Windows 10, you’ll need either a 25-character product key or a digital license to activate it. A Digital license or entitlement is a method of activation in Windows 10 that doesn’t require you to enter a product key.

A Windows product key is a 25-character code used to activate Windows. It looks like this:


Types of Windows Activation

On a broader level, there are two types of Windows Activation. The first applies to the consumer level, while the second applies to the Enterprise level which goes through Volume Licensing.

Consumer Level activation is when you personally buy a Key from Microsoft Store or any authorized store, while Volume Licensing is when you get a pre-activated Windows from OEM – or when you are in an Enterprise, your Windows is activated using KMS or MAK keys.

Types of Windows License or Key

You either need to use a 25-character product key or a digital license to activate it. Digital Keys are those which are tied to a Microsoft account and can activate your copy of Windows when you log in through the same account.

How does Windows Activation work

Directly through Microsoft Activation Servers

While MAK keys are for Enterprise, they are of the same nature as consumer keys to activate Windows.  They both can be activated even when the computer goes through re-install.  When you enter the keys and activate Windows, the key details are sent directly to the Microsoft Activation Servers.

These servers verify if the key is valid if it can activate more copies of Windows, if the key has expired, and so on. If verification fails, an appropriate Windows Activation error message is displayed on the end-user screen.

Through Enterprise Servers

Companies buy Windows activation keys in bulk through Volume Licensing. In the enterprise, not every computer needs to connect to the Internet. This is where KMS o Key Management server comes into the role. Microsoft allows the activation of multiple computers using the same key. When an enterprise computer is activated, they pass through the KMS servers which verifies the keys.

I am sure you must have heard about Windows Activation over phone calls, by Microsoft Chat support, and so on. They all work in the same way at the end, i.e., validated by Microsoft Servers for validity.

How often is a Windows Activation check performed?

While there is no fixed rule, once activated it is checked when there is a major change. This change could be because of a hardware change or when Windows is reinstalled. On an Enterprise level, some computers need to connect back to companies servers for a validation check while few need a new key when they go through reinstallation.

This covers the basics of Windows Activation. I am sure you now know what’s happening in the background when you press that Activate button.

Now read: How to check if the Windows Key is Genuine.

What Is Sensitive Content Warning In Ios 17 & How Does It Work

Apple’s prime focus has always been the privacy of its users. And with that in mind, the Cupertino giant has introduced a new security feature to help you ward off obscene photos and videos. So what is the sensitive content warning in iOS 17 and how does it work?

Activate and Use Sensitive Content Warning in iOS 17 on iPhone and iPad

As always, let’s first discuss what exactly is the sensitive content warning and how it functions!

What is the Sensitive Content Warning In iOS 17?

The sensitive content warning is a privacy feature to prevent you from opening sensitive content on your phone. When this feature is enabled, you will be given a warning on your screen when you try to open sensitive content like naked photos and videos. Apart from giving you a warning, it will also blur the content to reduce its visibility. 

To better understand, let’s see it with an example. Suppose you get a message from your friend and it’s a video. You don’t know what video it is, and you are about to open it. It’s no normal video but includes naked scenes. Now imagine playing this video, without your AirPods while you are with your family. Embarrassing, isn’t it? The sensitive content warning feature in iOS 17 will save you from such embarrassment by giving you a warning of sensitive content and also blurring the content. 

How Does Sensitive Content Warning Work?

This feature checks for content that you receive on your phone. If the content is flagged to be sensitive, it will be blurred. When you try to access the content, you will get a warning on your screen. This warning will come with three options, so you can choose to view it or avoid viewing it-

Not Now– If you select this option on the warning screen, then the content won’t open. You can press this option when you don’t want to open the content.

Ways To Get Help– This option will take you to resources where you can get help in regard to the content you get. 

I’m Sure- If you select this option then that means, you have given consent to access the sensitive content and you will be able to open it on your iPhone. 

Which Apps Will Be Able to Use Sensitive Content Warning Feature?

If you are thinking about what apps will be able to use this feature, then let me tell you that this feature will work with not only first-party but also third-party apps. Though it’s going to take some time for third-party apps to get on board.


FaceTime Messages

Contact Posters in the Phone app


Third-party apps like Instagram, Facebook, and WhatsApp will also begin to support this security feature in due course.

How to Enable Sensitive Content Warning In iOS 17 and iPadOS 17

This feature is available only for iOS 17, so you must ensure that your iPhone is updated to the latest iOS 17 in order to enable this feature.

Here, you will see an option called Sensitive Content Warning; tap on it. 

Next, enable the Sensitive Content Warning toggle. 

You will now see a list of all the apps and services that can use this feature. These apps will be listed under the App & Service Access section. 

You will also choose to turn on the Improve Sensitive Content Warning option; however, this is completely optional. Don’t worry about privacy as Apple keeps it intact.

After you have enabled this feature any type of sensitive content will be blurred. If you accidentally tap on such content, you will get a warning. Apart from this, you will get two other options on the blurred sensitive content, i.e., a Warning icon and the Show button. Here’s what both these options will do-

Show– When you tap on the Show button, you will be able to see the content. 

Warning icon– When you tap on the Warning icon, you will get two options- Ways to Get Help and Block Contact.

Ways To Get Help– Tapping on this option will take you to resources to get help on what can be done if you get such content without your consent (from unknown sources). 

Block Contact– This option will block the contact and they won’t be able to contact you again.

Tips to Use Apple Sensitive Content Warning on iPhone and iPad Like a Pro..!

Read more: How to Enable and Use StandBy Mode in iOS 17 on iPhone

Integron: What Does It Contain And What Does It Do?


Mobile genetic elements, class 1 integron, horizontal or lateral gene transfer, homologous recombination, transposition, transformation, conjugation, transduction, antibiotic resistance.


Integrons are genetic elements able to acquire and rearrange open reading frames (ORFs) embedded in gene cassette units and convert them to functional genes by ensuring their correct expression. They are widely known for their role in the dissemination of antibiotic resistance, particularly among gram-negative bacterial pathogens.

Their role has been broadened with the discovery of chromosomal integron (CI) structures in the genomes of hundreds of bacterial species. Integrons are chromosomal elements, and their mobilization onto plasmids has been fostered by transposons and selected by the intensive use of antibiotics.

Integrons occur in all environments, can move between species and lineages over evolutionary time frames and have access to a vast pool of novel genes whose functions are largely yet to be determined.

Over the last decade, exploration of integron diversity in natural environments has shown that they are more than just a curious feature of antibiotic-resistant pathogens but have a more general and important role in bacterial adaptation and genome evolution.


Integrons may be found as part of mobile genetic elements such as plasmids and transposons. Integrons can also be found in chromosomes.


Integrons term has been used for various cassette array lengths or for integrons on bacterial chromosomes (plasmids). An integron located on a bacterial chromosome is termed a sedentary chromosomal integron, and one associated with transposons or plasmids is called a mobile integron.

Structure of Integrons

All integrons share three essential core features, whose combined activities capture and subsequently express exogenous genes as part of gene cassettes.

a gene encoding for a site-specific recombinase: intI, belonging to the integrase family.

a proximal recombination site: attI, which is recognized by the integrase and at which gene cassettes may be inserted.

a promoter: Pc, which directs transcription of cassette-encoded genes.

Gene cassettes

An integron will usually contain one or more gene cassettes that have been incorporated into it. The gene cassettes may encode genes for antibiotic resistance, although most genes in integrons are uncharacterized. An attC sequence is a repeat that flanks cassettes and enables cassettes to be integrated at the attI site, excised, and undergo horizontal gene transfer.


Cassette maintenance requires that they be integrated within a replicative element (chromosome, plasmids). The integrase encoded by the integron preferentially catalyzes two types of recombination reaction:

attC x attC, which results in cassette excision.

attI x attC, which allows integration of the cassette at the attI site of the integron.

Once inserted, the cassette is maintained during cell division. Successive integrations of gene cassettes result in the formation of a series of cassettes. The cassette integrated last is then the one closest to the Pc promoter at the attI site. The IntI-catalyzed mode of recombination involves structured single-stranded DNA and gives the attC site recognition mode unique characteristics.

The integration of gene cassettes within an integron also provides a Pc promoter that allows expression of all cassettes in the array, much like an operon. The level of gene expression of a cassette is then a function of the number and nature of the cassettes that precede it.

In 2009, Didier Mazel and his team showed that the expression of the IntI integrase was controlled by the bacterial SOS response, thus coupling this adaptive apparatus to the stress response in bacteria.

Integrons in the Present: The Rise of Antibiotic Resistance

Integrons are major players in the spread of antibiotic resistance, particularly in Gram-negative pathogens. There are five classes of “mobile” integrons, all associated with antibiotic resistance: classes 1, 2, and 3, usually recovered from clinical contexts; class 4, found on the SXT element of Vibrio cholerae; and class 5, found on the pRSV1 plasmid of Alivibrio salmonicida.

Origin of class 1 integrons as vectors for antibiotic resistance

Origin of class 2 clinical integrons

Origin of class 3 clinical integrons

Integrons in the Future

DNA elements have made their way into diverse bacterial hosts, both commensals and pathogens, which have, in turn, colonized humans, their companion animals, and them domesticates.

The result is that integrons, their antibiotic resistance genes, and the mobile DNA elements they reside upon have become widely distributed, highly diverse, and abundant in human-dominated ecosystems. Integrons are exquisitely positioned to sample and express potentially any gene in the biosphere and to do so without perturbing existing genes. Consequently, they have the power to promote adaptation to changing environmental conditions by rapidly generating genetic variation.

This allows integron-containing cells to overcome human strategies for controlling bacterial growth, but it also offers rich opportunities for gene prospecting and construction of new biosynthetic pathways.


Integrons are remarkable genetic platforms with the ability to acquire, rearrange, and express diverse genes sampled from the microbial pangenome. Integrons are far more than a curious phenomenon of clinical concern.

They are an ancient, diverse, and widespread mechanism for generating genomic novelty and triggering adaptive responses in bacteria. It provides a powerful platform for biotechnology, where potentially any gene could be accessed, manipulated, and expressed using integron activity.

It would also improve the potential of using integrons as platforms for synthetic biology. There is potential for better health outcomes, better environmental management, and better understanding of the broad sweep of microbial evolution.

Slashgear 101: What Is Vine, And What Does It Do?

SlashGear 101: What is Vine, and what does it do?

Right this very moment you’re probably seeing a few Vine videos popping up on your Twitter feed wondering what on earth these tiny videos are taking hold when previous (rather similar) apps and services have done it so many different ways before. There are several reasons why this service is catching the public’s taps at a furious rate, the first of them being the fact that Twitter acquired the company and decided to tell their entire userbase to go ahead and make Vine videos as much as possible, right away! The second is the iTunes App Store choosing Vine as an Editor’s Choice download just yesterday.

Vine is an app that allows you to record videos from your smartphone or tablet device (though it’s optimized for smartphones) in segments or all at once. You can hold your finger down on the screen (also a viewfinder) to record one long 6 second video, or you can hold it down in bursts, recording as many short moments as you like inside 6 seconds total. These videos are processed extremely rapidly and are able to be uploaded to the internet (hosted by Vine) quickly as well.

Once you’ve created a video in Vine, you have the option to do several things with it, the first being absolutely nothing at all:

1. Save only to your device, a 6 second video existing on your smart device on its own.

2. Upload to Vine only.

3. Upload to Vine and share on Twitter.

4. Upload to Vine and share on Facebook.

5. Upload to Vine and share on Twitter and Facebook at the same time.

At the moment unless you exit the Vine app and upload the resulting video through some other non-Vine service, you’ll need to upload to Vine in order to see your video shared anywhere else. Also at the moment the two services you’re able to share with (besides the app-centric Vine itself) are Facebook and Twitter. Vine is very similar to the app Instagram in that you’re able to create media and share it only with your other friends in-app, but unlike that environment, Vine makes no effort to hide the fact that everything you upload to the web is, indeed, entirely public.

If you upload anything you record with Vine to the internet, it will be public. That’s the long and short of it. According to Vine’s Privacy Policy, anything you choose to share with Vine is considered information (and media) that you choose to be made public. This includes data of all kinds, video, location information, the profile you create, and everything in-between.

If you like Vine but you’d rather create your miniature moving images in gif form (that’s less like a video and more like a moving photo file), you may want to check out Cinemagram. They’ve been open for business for many months at this point and have just (this week) revealed a new way to create media called “Shorts” which combine several of their own “cine” clips to create a mini movie – that’s not a coincidental release at all – no way!

You’ll be able to download Vine from the iTunes App Store right this minute for free, if you feel the urge to jump in on this mini movie party – it’s optimized for iPhone and iPod touch, but you can use it on your iPad too if you don’t mind the tiny layout. This app will almost certainly be coming to Android very soon, and we wouldn’t be surprised if Windows Phone 8 got a taste of the joy before Summer rolls around.

What Is Steam Maintenance Tuesday And How Long Does It Last?

What is Steam Maintenance Tuesday and How Long Does it Last?




Steam is one of the most popular gaming platforms, with thousands of titles available, and roughly 120 million active monthly players.

If you had been wondering why Steam is down for a few minutes every Tuesday, it’s usually the maintenance work going on at the backend.

Find out all about it, including how long the maintenance will last, and the changes you can expect after it.



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Steam has always been the first choice of the gaming community owing to a large number of available titles, along with the seamless connectivity and performance. And to achieve that, Steam undergoes maintenance on Tuesdays.

If you are unable to connect to the Steam servers, can’t play your favorite games, or the in-game progress is missing, it’s likely that the platform is undergoing regular maintenance.

So, let’s find out all about the Steam maintenance Tuesday and what changes, if any, you can expect after it.

What is Steam maintenance Tuesday?

For any platform to run efficiently without encountering any glitches, it’s necessary to have everything in order. It can only be achieved through regular maintenance, and this is what happens during the Steam maintenance Tuesday.

The platform deploys its team to introduce patches for bugs, eliminate any security threats, and release features. And while all this is being done, the servers would be down. So, if you are playing a multiplayer game, it might automatically disconnect.

But, remember not all downtimes or server failures fall under Steam maintenance Tuesday. Some of these are rather unplanned and stem from hardware failure or problems with the network. So, it’s imperative to find out when Steam schedules the maintenance.

When is Steam maintenance Tuesday?

As the name suggests, Steam carries out the maintenance work on Tuesdays, though the timing is not fixed.

It is generally scheduled during the day in the United States (Pacific Time) so that a maximum number of Steam’s staff members are available, in case things don’t go as planned and need to be rectified.

This way, users don’t suffer longer downtimes, and the Steam maintenance is carried out quickly.

How long does Steam maintenance last?

Steam maintenance may last anywhere between 10 minutes to a few hours, depending on the changes being introduced. If the platform has to add a couple of features, introduce patches, and other performance enhancements, the maintenance time would be longer.

Steam pointed out in an official post that downtime during maintenance would generally be under an hour in most cases. In case Steam plans an extended downtime, it will be scheduled late in the evening.

Besides, the time for maintenance is chosen considering the number of users active during that particular part of the day, so that minimum players are affected. Yet, some users will always have to face issues unless Steam decides to do away with the whole regular maintenance thing.

How do I check Steam’s server status?

Often there are reports that users in certain parts or across the globe are facing issues connecting to the Steam server. And, there’s a way you can check the number of players currently online and the ones who are playing a game on Steam.

Expert tip:

How can I find out if there’s a Steam maintenance scheduled?

Actually, there’s no way to find out when the Steam maintenance is scheduled, but you already know that it’s done on Tuesday and sometime between 10 AM to 7 PM Pacific Time.

Just make sure to not try any critical missions and if possible avoid using the platform for a while. Anyway, the Steam maintenance schedule for Tuesday generally doesn’t last more than 10 minutes, so you should have no real trouble.

What should I expect during Steam’s maintenance?

Again, there’s no clarity beforehand as to what changes might be introduced or if there would be any that are noticeable.

Many times, it’s just a few changes such as updating the operating system or drivers or fixing security issues, and these wouldn’t be visible to users. But these are as critical as any since they help Steam run efficiently.

On other occasions, you may see new features added to Steam after a maintenance Tuesday downtime. All you have to do is remain patient and wait to find out what Steam has in store for you!

How do I fix the Could not connect to the Steam network error?

This error is often encountered by users when launching Steam, and if it doesn’t disappear on its own in a while, there are a bunch of fixes you can try.

1. Switch to TCP

Now, check if Steam starts working on your computer and the Could not connect to the Steam network error is fixed.

An outdated driver can cause issues with the network connectivity and lead to this error. Updating the network driver would do the trick here.

3. Disable Windows Firewall

One of these methods should help fix the Could not connect to the Steam network error. In case these don’t work, you can check our dedicated guide to solve the problem.

That’s all there’s to Steam maintenance Tuesday, along with the relevant troubleshooting methods. So, the next time Steam is not working on a Tuesday, you know the reason and how long it would take to get things up and running.

Also, find out the most reviewed games on Steam, and play them today!

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