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A gaming PC is generally much more powerful than a business PC, or even a graphics workstation, because games can stress every part of a system – CPU, graphics processor (GPU), memory and storage may all be taxed, depending on the type of game. To remove potential bottlenecks, gaming PCs are often equipped with the fastest solid state drive (SSD) available, or even with multiple SSDs in a RAID configuration to further enhance performance.

Games don’t simply use gigabytes of storage — loading new models, parts of a virtual map, or video that explain new challenges can require loading large amounts of data from storage into memory. The faster the storage available, the smoother and less intrusive loading these large amounts of data becomes.

Lower Cost, Higher Performance

Before SSDs became affordable, a gaming PC was often equipped with more than one hard drive, so that by spreading data across multiple drives in a RAID array, higher performance could be achieved. However, this resulted in higher costs, since three or four hard drives were required.

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A single SSD can achieve better performance than multiple hard drives, and at lower cost. Solid state drives have been improving at the same rate as CPUs, owing to Moore’s Law, which states that electronics double in power every 18 months, while mechanical hard drives improve only incrementally. The result is that not only do modern SSDs have capacities comparable to hard drives, but have performance in both transfer rates and access speeds that far outstrip hard drives. In fact, the latest SSDs can move data faster than the SATA bus that has been the standard for attaching hard drives to the motherboard for the last 20 years.

M.2 NVMe SSDs use a newer bus since their speeds are enough to easily overwhelm the 500-600 megabytes per second (MB/s) that the SATA bus will handle. The latest SSDs — like the Samsung 970 PRO — can reach speeds of 2,500 MB/s over the NVMe bus. For less demanding games, or cost-sensitive applications, SATA SSDs such as the Samsung 860 PRO or Samsung 860 EVO still provide 10 times the performance of hard disk drives, at a lower cost point than NVMe SSDs.

New motherboards, especially high performance gaming motherboards, usually have at least one and as many as four M.2 PCIe NMVe slots, allowing the use of NVMe SSDs without an add-on PCIe card (known as a sled), which uses a 16x PCIe slot to support one to four NVMe SSDs.

Creating the Ideal Gaming PC

In addition to the blistering speed of SSDs, other factors make them ideal for a gaming PC. Gaming PCs with multiple graphics cards and a heavy-duty CPU can generate a lot of heat, requiring optimized airflow or even liquid cooling systems. Since SSDs use less power and generate less heat than a hard drive, they can lighten the burden on the cooling system and the power supply more than a hard drive or multiple hard drives would.

Given the size of some games today (as high as 60-100GB), some go to the lengths of specifying two types of storage – extremely fast for whatever is currently being played, and a slower, but higher capacity drive for other data that doesn’t need to be accessed as quickly. This combination might be a SATA SSD and a hard drive, or an NVMe SSD and a SATA SSD. This optimizes performance while keeping costs lower.

In either case most games will show great improvements in initial load times, smoothness ,and latency during game play, if the gaming PC comes equipped with SSDs.

Find out more about the total cost of ownership of SSDs not just for gaming, but data storage for corporate use with this white paper.

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Nas Hard Drive Vs Ssd; Which Is Best Choice & Why?

Digital data is continuously growing every day. There arises the question of efficient storage solutions to store that data. There are two different kinds of storage solutions that we can use – Network Attached Storage (NAS) and Solid State Drives (SSD). They both have the same storage functions but different in unique ways. In this guide, we explain what NAS hard drive and SSD drive are, the difference between NAS hard drive and SSD, and which is the best choice and why.

What is NAS hard drive?

Network Attached Storage (NAS) refers to a type of storage that provides file storage and access to multiple users and devices over the network. NAS is designed to be easily accessible to multiple users and devices easily. It can be used for various purposes, including data backups, file sharing, media streaming, and remote access.

NAS devices consist of one or more hard drives. It comes with its own network interface and operating system for management. They can be connected to a local area network (LAN) via Ethernet or Wi-Fi. NAS offers a convenient and flexible solution to store and share data on a connected network.

What is SSD?

SSDs are available in different capacities, ranging from 100GB to multiple terabytes. They are used for a wide range of applications for their performance over traditional hard drives.

NAS hard drive vs SSD; Which is the best choice & why?

NAS hard drives and SSD are different in many ways. They differ majorly in the following aspects.






Power consumption

Let’s get into the details of each one.

1] Technology

The primary difference between NAS hard drives and SSD is the use of technology to store data. NAS hard drives come with spinning magnetic disks to read and write data. Whereas SSDs use non-volatile flash memory chips. The speed of a NAS hard drive depends on the rotation speed of the disk and the speed of the read or write head in it.

SSD does not have that issue as it contains no moving parts in it. The flash memory chips in the SSDs make them fast over the traditional hard drives. The technological difference between them makes them two different poles in storage.

2] Speed

When we compare the speeds of a NAS hard drive and an SSD, obviously SSD wins over the other due to its technological difference that involves no movable parts. The read and write speeds between them would not match as SSDs can access data much faster than NAS hard drives.

3] Reliability

NAS hard drives are made of traditional hard disks which involve moving parts in it to read and write data. They are more prone to failure even with the slightest mishandling. SSDs on the other hand are far more reliable in the long term as there is little scope for mechanical failure. Unless the flash memory is broken or damaged, you can use SSDs for a very long time.

4] Price

NAS setup costs more in the beginning, but increasing the capacity with hard drives over time does not match the pricing of SSDs in the market. For the speeds and other features of SSDs, they are pricier than the traditional hard drives which have been in the market for a longer time.

5] Capacity

SSDs are available from hundreds of gigabytes to terabytes. Even NAS hard drives are expandable by adding new hard drives to the setup. In the aspect of capacity, NAS hard drives win over SSDs. A lot of data can be stored on NAS hard drives because of the number of hard drives it supports.

6] Power consumption

As said earlier, SSDs do not contain any moving parts in their physical device, unlike NAS hard drives. So, they consume less power compared to NAS hard drives.

These are the major differences between NAS hard drives and SSD.


If you want to store data and do not want to give access to anyone, SSD is best for you. If you run a business that involves data storage, and sharing over multiple users, you need NAS hard drives. Now, it is also possible to install SSDs in NAS devices to get the speeds of SSDs over the network.

Read: How to check SSD Lifespan on your Windows computer

Is SSD necessary for NAS?

That depends on your choice as you can install both HDDs and SSDs on a NAS setup. Installing an SSD or HDD depends primarily on your budget and the kind of data you share on the network.

Are NAS hard drives better?

NAS hard drives are better to store data and share it over a network with multiple users and devices. You can make it even speeder by using SSDs in the NAS setup by replacing the traditional hard drives.

Related read: Fix Slow SSD Read Or Write Speed On Windows.

What Are Solid State Batteries And Why Are They Important?

However, batteries could always be better! 

Table of Contents

What Does “Solid State” Mean?

Whether it’s a lead acid car battery, alkaline disposables, or lithium polymer batteries in a phone, they all use a liquid electrolyte. The electrolyte is a conductive substance that connects the two internal terminals of the battery. Electrons flow through the electrolyte, allowing the battery to either build up an electrical charge or to discharge it.

A solid state battery uses a solid electrolyte, instead of the traditional liquid electrolyte. That’s the only fundamental difference between the two battery technologies. It sounds simple enough, but engineers and scientists have been struggling for decades to come up with a solid material that can act as an electrolyte.

What’s Hard About Solid State Batteries?

Various materials, such as ceramics and lithium metals, offer potential as solid state electrolytes. The problem is that the ceramic approach has resulted in poor battery performance. Lithium metals are promising, but have a fatal flaw. As the battery is charged and discharged, metal “dendrites” grow through the electrolyte. The battery can short-circuit and turn into a hazard.

Finding practical and economically viable solutions to these issues has been the mission of several companies and research teams over the past few years. Now that work is about to pay off. 

Why go through all this trouble? Let’s look at the benefits that solid state batteries promise over traditional ones.


Batteries store large amounts of energy and there’s always a danger that this energy can be released in an uncontrolled way. When that happens, it can mean fire, explosions and other unwanted outcomes. Solid state batteries, assuming the dendrite issue is resolved, promise to be safer and more stable. For one thing, they aren’t flammable, so battery fires should be a thing of the past.

This is not only important for electric vehicles such as cars and drones, but also for personal electronics such as smartphones and laptops. Many people are injured every year by battery fires in their electronic gadgets. Entire houses have been burned to the ground as a result!

Recharge Speed

Modern lithium batteries can charge at impressive speeds, but they still take a long time to fill up. There’s a limit to how much energy you can pour into a traditional lithium ion battery before it all goes sideways. Solid state batteries promise to charge as much as six times faster than the batteries we currently use. That means charging up your phone from empty to full in five minutes or charging an electric car to 80% in 15.

Energy Capacity and Size

Lithium ion batteries currently have the highest energy density of any battery type sold to the public. Yet it’s still many times less dense than gasoline. While solid state batteries don’t bring batteries up to par with gas, it does promise to more than double the energy density per volume. 

In other words, if you changed the battery in your phone using a solid state model, it could theoretically run twice as long without increasing in size. This is yet another big selling point for electric vehicles, which aren’t as popular as they could be, thanks to range anxiety.

Lifespan and Durability

Most current lithium ion batteries start to degrade after about 500 full charge-discharge cycles. After that point the battery begins to lose its capacity until it can barely hold a charge at all. In smartphones, which now tend to have sealed batteries, this puts a hard limit on device lifespan. Solid state batteries promise to greatly increase that limit. As much as five times. 

So, where a typical daily-use phone battery might start to degrade after two to three years, a solid state battery would remain at its rated capacity for up to fifteen years. In electric cars, where the replacement of batteries is extremely costly, that could have a dramatic effect on the cost of ownership for this class of vehicles. 

Solid State Battery Weaknesses

If this all sounds too good to be true, there are a few caveats to the technology. Some of these still need to be solved before widespread adoption of solid state battery technology is achieved.

Cost is perhaps the greatest foe. Research teams and startup companies are working hard on making the production process for these batteries cheaper and scalable. Some companies claim to be close, but we won’t know how successful they’ve been until we see the actual prices on products with these batteries.

These batteries also struggle at low temperatures. Therefore, solutions that involve insulating them or keeping them at a good operational temperature are part of the challenge.

When Can You Buy Solid State Batteries?

Solid state batteries by Solid Power

There are a few companies like Solid Power and QuantumScape, which claim to be at the cusp of commercial solid state battery applications. 

Toyota plans to have solid state battery electric vehicles for sale as early as 2023. Both Solid Power and QuantumScape are aiming for a rollout of batteries for vehicles in 2023 and 2024 respectively.  This means that in the next couple of years we could be right at the start of a battery revolution. 

That’s before we even get into the possibilities that come from using graphene. This wonder material promises even better batteries, whether they have liquid or solid electrolytes in them. Getting graphene to play ball has eluded scientists and engineers for longer than expected, but you can already buy a hybrid graphene powerbank right now. Truly, the future is here.

Which Timeclock App Is Best For Your Business?

With so many timeclock solutions and features available today, you may have a difficult time determining which one to use. Whether you need to manage schedules, track remote employees through real-time data, or any other time-tracking features for your small business, here’s what to keep in mind when you start your search.

Bottom Line

You may want to know what the best employee timeclock app is, but there’s no one answer. Consider your company’s specific needs before selecting one.

What to consider when choosing a timeclock app

As with any business-related search, figure out your business’s needs before you start. If you only have a dozen employees at a single location, there’s no reason to splurge on a timeclock app designed for multinational enterprises. A little introspection saves time and money, and ensures that whatever option you choose will be the best fit. Think about the following questions:

How closely do you want to track your employees?

In the past, clocking in for work meant grabbing your timecard and punching in at a station. While that system worked for a long time, one major flaw existed: Unscrupulous employees used a tactic dubbed “buddy punching,” which entailed having their friends punch them in at the employee timeclock station when they weren’t at the office.

Timecard fraud remains a real problem, but options in today’s web-based timeclock apps can curtail that costly problem.

Some services allow your managers to track employees’ locations through their smartphones’ GPS. Since nearly every app works on both Android and iOS devices, geolocation functionality can pinpoint where the employee was when they clocked in and out.

In addition, geofencing uses GPS tracking to restrict where employees can clock in or out. You can require them to be at your business’s physical location in order to do so. A biometric timeclock may ask for a fingerprint scan or use facial recognition when employees clock in or out.

That may seem like a lot of employee data for managers to collect, but in the case of employee schedules and your company’s bottom line, time is literally money.

Do you need a timeclock app that has additional employee scheduling features?

While a timeclock app is important, it’s not the be-all and end-all in terms of employee scheduling. There is a range of additional functions that can make everyone’s lives easier.

Your managers may benefit from a timeclock wizard, time-off management capabilities or the ability to draw up reports detailing the impact of your employees’ schedules on the company’s bottom line. 


With enough data in hand, you can make sure your payroll is what it should be while complying with existing overtime laws.

How well does a timeclock app integrate with other programs?

Running a modern business is a lot like spinning plates. There’s a lot to consider at any one moment, and if you don’t have your attention on multiple things at once, something can go wrong. Various business programs can mitigate that issue. These days, top accounting software and Google Calendar are just as important as a cash register, so make sure your app is compatible with programs you’ve already implemented.

With the right app, you can automatically import employee schedules into a company calendar and send it to employees’ email inboxes or text it straight to their phones. Some integrations also allow your online timeclock data to go directly to payroll, further ensuring that you’re accurately compensating employees for their time on the job.

Is there a best timeclock app for Android or iOS?

Nearly every timeclock company strives to get their apps on both the Google Play Store and the Apple App Store. Smartphones are among the most ubiquitous pieces of technology today, so these companies want to have their product on as many devices as possible.

If you come across a timeclock app that only supports one type of device or the other, you should probably skip it and find a service that covers both mobile operating systems. Unless you provide a business phone to your employees, you don’t want to hamstring your time-tracking capabilities by only supporting one over the other. If you do need to choose, however, be aware that, according to Statista, iOS has about 15% of the global smartphone market share, while Android has around 84%.

How much does a timeclock app cost?

Good timeclock apps, like most time and attendance programs, come with a price tag. How much that app (and the associated service) costs depends on multiple factors.

For example, if the software is hosted in the cloud, you may need to pay for additional online storage. Some companies charge extra based on the number of employees that will use the system or how many locations it will service. If you want to use a wall-mounted timeclock to give yourself additional protections against timecard fraud, that will likely come with an additional cost as well.

According to our research, businesses with 20 employees might see their time and attendance program costs end up anywhere from $20 to $300 per month. Some providers have a monthly minimum cost, especially if they charge on a per-employee basis. There may be additional setup and implementation fees.

Best timeclock apps

Here are some of our best picks for time and attendance software that offer mobile options.

When I Work

When I Work is a great option for restaurants and retail businesses. It offers scheduling software and tracks when your employees are on the clock, comparing the hours completed to the original schedule. It also allows staff to swap shifts. When I Work offers web and mobile capabilities. Learn more in our full review of When I Work.


Clockify is a top option for organizations that have employees who work in the office and at home. The cloud-hosted system is accessible through the web, and mobile apps. This platform offers both free and paid plans and includes an option for client billing. Learn more in our comprehensive review of Clockify.

QuickBooks Time

Accessible through a mobile app, computer or telephone, QuickBooks Time is a top solution for businesses with a remote workforce. It offers GPS features to track remote employees, flexibility for workers to clock in and out, and other handy options such as note-keeping capabilities. Learn more in our full review of QuickBooks Time

The bottom line on timeclock apps

Regardless of where your small business is in its evolution or how many employees you currently have on staff, a good timeclock app can help make sure you’re fairly and accurately compensating employees.

When looking for such an app, remember that the question may not necessarily be “which is the best?” but rather “which is the best for my business?”

Stella Morrison contributed to the writing and research in this article.

Which Ssd Is The Best In 2023?

Which solid-state drive (SSD) is the best used to be a much simpler decision. Now you must consider things like endurance, PCIe generations, DRAM or DRAM-less, SATA or NVMe. The goal of this list is to help you decide which is the best SSD for you.

Good to know: this guide can help you choose the right NVMe or SATA SSD for your system, depending on your use case and budget.

1. Best Gaming SSD: Western Digital BLACK SN850X

Price: $84.99 for 1TB

Image source: Newegg

WD’s impressive dashboard software adds to the specs to make it a near-perfect Gen4 gaming SSD. With DirectStorage on Windows 11 soon to be implemented by more game developers, the SN850X sets you up nicely to enjoy next-gen loading times. The base variant now comes with a capacity of 1TB, which is plenty for any dedicated game drive. You can also choose an optional heatsink for a $5 premium, not that you’d really need it on this drive.


Large SLC cache for fast, more sustained write speeds

Heatsink option with subtle RGB

Capacities up to 4TB


Game Mode needs firmware upgrades

No hardware encryption

Also helpful: building a gaming PC? You want to get the most value-for-money PC parts.

2. Best Budget Gaming SSD: Western Digital BLACK SN770

Price: $50.99 for 1TB

Western Digital also wins the budget gaming SSD category with the WD_BLACK SN770, a DRAM-less drive that stands out in a crowded market due to its seriously impressive performance. The SN770 is Western Digital’s more affordable option for gamers looking for a high-speed Gen4 drive and not wanting to spend more for the SN850X. Its DRAM-less configuration and lower-rated speeds may look like significant cons, but its impact on gaming performance is relatively low.

Image source: Newegg

The SN770’s four-channel controller still achieves read speeds of up to 5150 MB/s. You also get the option for 500GB and 250GB models, although they’re not necessarily a good value compared to the 1TB and 2TB models. The 1TB SN770 offers more than impressive real-world performance, and you won’t be able to tell the difference compared to faster offerings.

The operating temperatures may be a tad too high, especially with the lack of a heatsink. You also get Western Digital’s great dashboard software.


Premium gaming performance at an affordable price

Lower-capacity options to cover all use cases


No 4TB option

No heatsink option

No hardware encryption

3. Best Workstation SSD: Seagate Firecuda 530

Price: $209.99 for 2TB

Top-notch components and custom Seagate firmware make the Firecuda 530 blazingly fast, extremely long-lasting, and surprisingly cool. For a Gen4 drive, the Firecuda 530 almost touches the interface’s limits with its 7,300 MB/s and 6,900 MB/s read and write speeds, respectively. As it comes with an included heatsink, thermals aren’t a concern.

The Firecuda 530 is not just an excellent productivity drive. It’s also perfectly equipped as a dual-use drive to enjoy superior gaming performance. Seagate offers three years of data recovery services to further sweeten the deal.

Image source: Amazon


One of the fastest Gen4 drives available

Extremely fast SLC cache

Great aesthetics

Runs cool


A bit expensive

No hardware encryption

Tip: once you determine how much hard drive space you need, you can select the best capacity SSD for your build.

4. Best Budget Workstation SSD: Inland Performance Plus

Price: $134.99 for 2TB

You may not have heard of Inland drives, but the Inland Performance Plus has an enticing value proposition, thanks to the same Phison E18 controller and Micron 176-layer TLC flash in more premium drives. Even with a heatsink, the 2TB option of the Inland Performance Plus costs almost 35 percent less than the 2TB Firecuda 530.

The Performance Plus Gen4 NVMe SSD makes no compromises when it comes to performance. If you’re looking for a workstation drive, you may want to buy the 4TB or 8TB model because of the higher endurance (TBW) and random read speeds of the higher-capacity variants.

The Inland Performance Plus even provides heatsink options that are in contrast to some other high-performance drives from Samsung and Western Digital. In terms of warranty, you get six years of peace of mind, again more than that of many competing brands.


Solid thermals in the heatsink options


No hardware encryption

No SSD software


Price: $85 for 1TB

The PlayStation 5 has been out for almost three years, but finding a compatible solid-state drive is nearly impossible under the $100 mark. The ADATA XPG GAMMIX S70 Blade is a godsend for buyers on a budget who want to top up their PS5 storage with an SSD worthy of the console’s performance standards. Clocking in at 7400 MB/s and 6100 MB/s of read and write speeds, respectively, the S70 Blade even outperforms PS5’s stock storage in some real-world scenarios.

Image source: Amazon

The S70 Blade easily exceeds the minimum speed Sony recommends for the PS5 and has a Sony-recommended low-profile heatsink to easily fit inside the PS5. While the S70 Blade isn’t breaking any build quality standards, it provides PS5 users with peak performance, competitive TBW limits, and a great price.


Superior Gen4 performance for the PS5

Included heatsink for efficient cooling

More affordable than other PS5-compatible SSDs

256-bit AES hardware encryption

ADATA’s SSD Toolbox software


Not the best build quality

Good to know: you can transfer game data from a PS4 to a PS5 after you upgrade the SSD.

6. Best Steam Deck SSD: Sabrent Rocket 2230

Price: $109.95 for 1TB

The Steam Deck and, more recently, the ROG Ally ushered in a golden age for gaming handhelds. Unfortunately, the Steam Deck ships with a drive that offers a theoretical maximum transfer speed of 500 MB/s. Therefore, for those who want to swap their default Steam Deck SSD for something that packs more power, the Sabrent Rocket 2230 provides a great option.

With M.2 2230 form factor SSDs being rare in the retail market, the Rocket 2230 enjoys little competition. The Gen4x4 configuration can amp up your Steam Deck storage speeds with read/write speeds of up to 5,000 MB/s and 4,300 MB/s.

Sabrent has equipped the Rocket 2230 with the Phison E21T controller and Micron’s 176-layer TLC flash under the hood, making the drive excel in performance and energy efficiency. This makes it ideal for the Steam Deck and other such battery-dependent devices. If you wish to, you can install the 2TB variant, as that’s the maximum supported by the Steam Deck.


Good performance and energy efficiency


Full warranty requires registration

Slightly pricey

7. Best SATA SSD: Samsung 870 EVO

Price: $109.99 for 2TB

Fast SATA SSDs still have a gap to fill when you need economical but fast secondary storage. The Samsung 870 EVO is the fastest SSD on the SATA 2.5-inch form factor, with 560 MB/s and 530 MB/s read and write speeds, respectively.

Image source: Newegg

Maybe you need a reliable secondary drive for your media files. Or maybe you’ve run out of M.2 slots on your motherboard and only have SATA drives. Regardless, the 870EVO provides everything you need in a SATA SSD.

Samsung’s still-solid Magician software further complements the impressive offering of the 870 EVO. You can find cheaper SATA drives, but the 870 EVO’s capacity per price is too delicious to resist.


Consistent performance even with small file operations

More reliable and power efficient than other SATA drives

Multiple capacities from 250GB to 4TB


A little pricey

Also helpful: did you know there are also hybrid solid-state drives? Learn more about SSD vs. SSHD drives to determine which will best meet your needs.

8. Best Portable SSD: SanDisk Extreme PRO V2

Price: $119.99 for 1TB

Portable SSDs are ideal for professionals and users who frequently need to take their data with them. The SanDisk Extreme PRO V2 is an upgrade to SanDisk’s Extreme PRO. It supports read speeds of up to 2,000 MB/s on the USB 3.2 (Gen2x2) interface. While you may not be impressed by those numbers, USB SSDs are more about durability, reliability, and data security, and the Extreme PRO V2 doesn’t disappoint.

Image source: Amazon

SanDisk has updated the hardware encryption on the Extreme PRO V2 to 256-bit AES. If you’re concerned about the durability of the drive, the IP55 water and dust resistance should ease your fears. The drive is also rated for two-meter drop protection, making it ideal for regular trips. SanDisk’s excellent security management software distinguishes the Extreme PRO V2 from other portable drives.


USB 3.2 (Gen2x2) support

Lightweight and small

Robust 256-bit hardware encryption

SanDisk’s reliable warranty


Can feel costly at larger capacities

Limited speed without USB 3.2 (Gen2x2) ports

9. Best PCIe 5.0 SSD: Gigabyte AORUS Gen5 10000

Price: $289.99 for 2TB

PCIe 5.0 drives have begun surfacing in the retail space, and the Gigabyte AORUS Gen5 10000 is one of the first. The big number in the drive’s name points to its record-breaking sequential read and write speeds – around 10,000 MB/s. This is faster than any other Gen4 SSD and represents the fastest NVMe SSD a user with a compatible system can get their hands on.

Image source: Newegg

To accommodate the blistering speeds of the AORUS Gen5 10000, Gigabyte has graciously provided a beefy heatsink with the drive. This thing makes its presence felt and may interfere with your GPU and CPU cooler, so make sure to check your clearances.

Gigabyte uses the Phison E26 controller and 232-layer TLC Flash on the AORUS Gen5 10000 to power its next-gen performance. While the demanding hardware requirements and steep price may keep it out of reach of many users, the AORUS Gen5 10000 throws some light on the future of NVMe SSDs.

Image source:



One of the fastest SSDs available

Robust heatsink for extreme cooling


Heatsink may be tough to install in some systems

Tip: double-check that you know how to upgrade to a solid-state drive.

10. Best RGB SSD: Patriot Viper VPR400

Price: $74.99 for 1TB

For gamers (or non-gamers, we don’t judge) who wish to adorn their M.2 slot with a bit of tasteful RGB, the Patriot Viper VPR400 is a good-looking and high-performance drive. Patriot decided to distinguish the Viper VPR400 by giving it an RGB aesthetic.

Being a Gen4 drive, the Patriot Viper VPR400 boasts 4600 MB/s and 4400 MB/s read and write speeds, respectively. While it may perform worse than some lower-priced non-RGB drives, you may not feel the difference in real-world scenarios. Although you’re paying a slight premium for its RGB, you get a bundled heatsink and a decent warranty from Patriot.

The Patriot Viper VPR400 makes sense for those who can’t do without RGB around their M.2 slot, but there are other options with better performance at better prices.


Decent Gen4 performance for gamers

Aesthetic RGB design

Reliable warranty


Pricier than faster alternatives

Frequently Asked Questions Which brand’s SSD is the best?

There’s no single brand that can be termed the best for SSDs. Some brands – like Samsung, WD, ADATA, Sabrent, Seagate, SanDisk, and Intel – are known for producing leading SSDs. If you want the assurance of a brand that offers reliable performance at reasonable prices, these are the brands you should consider.

Does NVMe last longer than SATA SSD?

Despite the differences in form factor and connectors, NVMe and SATA SSDs do not differ significantly in their lifespans. Both have lifespans that depend on usage and maintenance.

Image credit: Unsplash

Tanveer Singh

Tanveer hunts far and wide for PC Hardware, Windows, and Gaming ideas to write about. An MBA in Marketing and the owner of a PC building business, he has written extensively on Technology, Gaming, and Marketing. When not scouring the web, he can be found binging on The Office, running for his life in GTFO, or wrecking karts in Smash Karts.

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What Is Adaptive State Sharding?

Blockchain technologies are constantly evolving to meet the needs of their users. One such innovation is adaptive state sharding, which is designed to improve the scalability of blockchains. In this article, we’ll take a look at what adaptive state sharding is and how it works.

What is state sharding?

State sharding is a process of horizontally partitioning data in a database across multiple nodes. This can be done to improve performance, availability, and scalability. There are two types of state sharding− static and adaptive. Static state sharding is where the partitions are fixed and do not change.

Adaptive state sharding is where the partitions can change based on load or other conditions. Adaptive state sharding can offer better performance and availability than static state sharding because it can more easily adapt to changing conditions. For example, if there is a sudden increase in traffic, adaptive state sharding can dynamically add more nodes to the system to handle the increased load.

If you are considering using state sharding for your database, adaptive state sharding may be the best option.

What is adaptive state sharding?

Adaptive state sharding is a type of state sharding that is designed to be flexible and adaptable to changing conditions. It allows for the addition or removal of shards as needed, and can also change the way data is stored within shards. This can make it easier to update a blockchain network as new technologies or user needs arise.

How does adaptive state sharding work?

Adaptive state sharding is a way of partitioning data in a database so that each partition can be stored on a different server. This can improve performance by allowing each server to handle only a portion of the data. To shard data, each record is assigned to a specific server based on a key value. For example, records with keys that start with A would be stored on Server 1, those with keys that start with B would be stored on Server 2, and so on. When a client requests data, the key is used to determine which server stores the requested data. The client then retrieves the data from that server.

Adaptive state sharding can improve performance if the keys are chosen such that the servers are evenly balanced. For example, if most of the requests are for data that is stored on Server 1, then that server will become overloaded while the other servers will have spare capacity. To avoid this problem, the key values can be chosen dynamically so that they are spread evenly across all of the servers. This approach is known as adaptive state sharding.

Ultimately, it’s up to each individual blockchain network to decide which type of state sharding is best for them.

When to use adaptive state sharding

As your application grows, the amount of data that needs to be managed increases exponentially. At some point, you will need to start sharding your data to improve performance and keep your application running smoothly. But how do you know when it’s time to start sharding your data?

There is no definitive answer, but there are a few signs that indicate that it might be time to consider adaptive state sharding −

Your application is slow or unresponsive.

You are consistently running out of storage space.

Your database is becoming increasingly fragmented.

You are receiving more errors or timeouts.

If you are experiencing any of these issues, it might be time to look into adaptive state sharding. State sharding can be a complex process, but it can be a great way to improve the performance and stability of your application.


In conclusion, adaptive state sharding is a process of automatically splitting up data based on certain criteria in order to improve performance and efficiency. This method has many benefits, but also some drawbacks that should be considered before implementing it. Overall, adaptive state sharding can be a great way to improve the performance of your system, but make sure you weigh all the pros and cons before decide whether or not to use it.

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