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Root-login over SSH is a common method for gaining access to a Linux server, but it is not always the most secure option. In this article, we will explore the reasons why disabling root-login over SSH is a good idea, and provide examples of how to do so.

What is Root-Login Over SSH?

When a Linux server is set up, the root user is created by default. The root user is the most powerful user on the system, and has the ability to perform any task, including making changes to the system configuration, installing software, and creating new users.

When a user connects to a Linux server via SSH (Secure Shell), they are prompted to enter their username and password. If the user enters the root username and password, they will be granted full access to the server as the root user. This is known as root-login over SSH.

Why Should We Disable Root-login Over SSH?

Disabling root-login over SSH is an important security measure for Linux servers. There are several reasons why this should be done −

Security − The biggest reason to disable root-login over SSH is security. When a hacker gains access to a server as the root user, they have complete control over the system. They can install malware, steal sensitive information, and cause irreparable damage.

Auditing − Disabling root-login over SSH also makes it easier to track and audit user activity on the server. When a user logs in as root, it is difficult to determine which actions were performed by that user. By disabling root-login over SSH, you can ensure that all actions taken by the root user can be traced back to a specific individual.

Compliance − Many organizations have compliance requirements that mandate the use of strong authentication and access controls. Disabling root-login over SSH can help organizations meet these requirements and avoid costly penalties.

Protecting Root Password − When hackers try to brute force the root account, it’s a high risk of being compromised. Disabling root login over SSH will prevent the hackers from guessing the root’s password and gain access to the server.

In summary, disabling root-login over SSH is a best practice for securing Linux servers. It improves the security of your server, makes it easier to track and audit user activity, and can help organizations meet compliance requirements.

How to Disable Root-login over SSH Edit the SSH Configuration File

The first step in disabling root-login over SSH is to edit the SSH configuration file. This file is typically located at /etc/ssh/sshd_config.

To disable root-login over SSH, open the file in a text editor and change the line “PermitRootLogin yes” to “PermitRootLogin no”.

Restart the SSH Service

After editing the configuration file, you must restart the SSH service to apply the changes. You can do this by running the command “service ssh restart” or “systemctl restart ssh”.

Create a New User

Once root-login over SSH is disabled, you should create a new user with a strong password. This new user can be used to access the server via SSH, and will have the ability to perform most tasks that the root user can perform.


In conclusion, disabling root-login over SSH is a good idea for many reasons. It improves the security of your server, makes it easier to track and audit user activity, and can help organizations meet compliance requirements. With the above examples, you can easily disable root-login over SSH and secure your Linux server.

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What Is Microsoft Device Association Root Enumerator? Should I Disable It

Microsoft has added and removed many features in the Windows OS over the years. If you regularly use the Device Manager, you may have come across the Microsoft Device Association Root Enumerator driver.

However, this device driver was not present in older Windows OS like Windows 7. Users have even mentioned that your Windows 10/11 PC’s gaming performance improves if you disable this driver.

If you’re wondering what this driver is and whether you should disable it, we have covered all the information in this article.

Microsoft Device Association Root Enumerator is a device driver that helps provide a specific value to the rooted software at a time when the new device driver wants to install the software in your system. 

The definition does not exactly explain much about the driver. In a nutshell, Microsoft Device Association Root Enumerator is like a librarian cataloging new incoming books (new installed software).

Furthermore, the driver performs another key function. It makes the windows system compatible with niche devices like MIDI and TWAIN devices, and serial ports.

However, Windows 7 does not have the Microsoft Device Association Root Enumerator. It is because Windows 7 and older versions are class compliant with MIDI and TWAIN devices, meaning that it is a built-in Windows OS driver by Microsoft.

It is rather simple to enable or disable Microsoft Device Association Root Enumerator. You can disable or enable it like any other driver from Device Manager.

Follow the steps below to disable or enable Microsoft Device Association Root Enumerator:

So, whether you should disable or enable the Microsoft Device Association Root Enumerator depends on what you want to use your Windows for.

The Root Enumerator driver is for making your Windows compatible with niche devices. While MIDI and TWAIN devices are still widely used, most Windows users won’t have much need for them.

MIDI is a communication protocol for connecting with various electronic musical instruments and similar devices. If you aren’t a musician or are in a related field, you will rarely come across this stuff.

On the other hand, TWAIN is an application programming interface mostly used for communicating with scanners, CCTVs, and other similar devices. TWAIN is used more often but not regularly for the average Windows user.

Lastly, Serial ports are still in use but are mostly used in scientific and industrial equipment.

If you are a gamer and do not need these functionalities, you can go for it and disable the driver to see if it improves your PC’s gaming performance.

However, for the average Windows user, it’s best to leave it enabled. 

Device Manager will usually display a question mark sign next to Microsoft Device Association Root Enumerator when the driver is not working properly. There may be several reasons for the driver not working. It could be anything from corruption to outdated driver versions.

Here’s how to troubleshoot Microsoft Device Association Root Enumerator now working.

Hardware and Devices Troubleshooter can help fix most of your driver-related problems.

To run the troubleshooter, follow the steps below:

Corrupted and outdated drivers can cause noticeable performance drop, make your pc less responsive, and even cause various errors. Updating or reinstalling the Microsoft Device Association Root Enumerator helps fix any corrupted or outdated driver issue.

Here’s how to update or reinstall your device driver.

After a restart, your Windows pc will automatically download Microsoft Association Root Enumerator.

Microsoft RRAS Root Enumerator is a windows device driver used to run legacy devices. The driver is useful if you specifically need to run old and outdated devices on your modern computer. Other than that, the driver is pretty useless.

If you’re not running any old and outdated devices, disabling Microsoft RRAS Root Enumerator does absolutely nothing for your PC. It is safe to disable this driver. However, disabling or enabling the driver is pretty much the same thing if you don’t run legacy devices.

What Is& Should You Disable It?

What is chúng tôi & Should you Disable it? End task for the file in the Task Manager to disable it






To fix Windows PC system issues, you will need a dedicated tool

Fortect is a tool that does not simply cleans up your PC, but has a repository with several millions of Windows System files stored in their initial version. When your PC encounters a problem, Fortect will fix it for you, by replacing bad files with fresh versions. To fix your current PC issue, here are the steps you need to take:

Download Fortect and install it on your PC.

Start the tool’s scanning process to look for corrupt files that are the source of your problem

Fortect has been downloaded by


readers this month.

Several users in diverse forums have recently reported that they encountered the chúng tôi error message on their Windows PC.

The chúng tôi is a built-in Windows utility known as Onscreen Keyboard. In case you are experiencing similar issues and you don’t know how to fix the Onscreen Keyboard if it keeps popping up, don’t worry. We will take you through how to fix the issue in this article.

What is osk.exe?

The chúng tôi is a component of the Microsoft Windows Operating System by Microsoft Corporation. The osk part of the filename refers to the On-Screen Keyboard (OSK) utility in Windows which allows users to input text without a physical keyboard.

The executable code of this file is located on the hard drive of your computer. When you initiate the OnScreen Keyboard software on your PC, the commands within the chúng tôi file will be carried out on your PC, helping the On-Screen Keyboard to run.

Is it safe to disable osk.exe?

Since chúng tôi is a system process it should not be disabled because it is required for your PC to work properly.

However, there are a few instances where some virus or malware would disguise itself as chúng tôi For this reason, you can read the instructions below to decide for yourself whether to disable chúng tôi or not:

Check the location – Verify the location of the chúng tôi file in your Windows Task Manager to know whether it is legit or not. The original file should be situated in the following directory: C:WindowsSystem32 folder

Verify the file size – There is a possibility that the chúng tôi has been compromised, hence the need to verify the legitimacy of the file by checking the size. If it exceeds 1MB, then it could be considered malicious.

Verify the publisher/ digital signature – The original file will bear the signature of Microsoft in the properties. If it doesn’t, then it may be a compromised file.

The above factors should help you determine whether to disable the chúng tôi file on your PC.

How can I disable osk.exe? 1. End the chúng tôi process in Task Manager

In case your Task Manager is not responding or opening, you can explore our detailed guide on how to fix the issue.

2. Disable the Touch Keyboard and Handwriting panel service

Some users complained that the chúng tôi starts automatically whenever they start their PC and you can try the steps above to fix the issue.

In conclusion, exe files can at any time trigger confounding errors, such is the case with chúng tôi You can explore our detailed guide on how to fix exe files deleting themselves in Windows 10/11 for a further read into this issue.

We have also provided a detailed description of Exe and MSI files. You can check our detailed guide for the differences between EXE and MSI & which is better.

Still experiencing issues?

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Why Do We Need To Learn Powershell?

PowerShell Tutorial

Suppose you know a little bit about Linux, which provides a very rich command interface. Because of Linux rich command, Linux was a preferred platform for software development. On the other hand, windows was mostly used for UI-based uses for non-development purposes. So finally, to control all these issues, Microsoft released PowerShell version 1 for the first time in 2006. The main goal of PowerShell was to provide command rich interface to developers where developers will be able to write scripts and automate various jobs. So initially, they developed PowerShell for Windows only, but after version 6, it started supporting macOS and Linux as well.

Why do we need to learn PowerShell?

In Windows, it has DOS cmd, But if we need to do complex scripting and if we need to write any heavy scripts jobs, then the existing cmd is not good enough. PowerShell allows developers on Windows to write a script with controlling one computer to multiple remote computers at once. DOS is just a shell where PowerShell is a powerful scripting language that is completely based on .NET and is mostly used by my administrator to handle Networks and servers. On Windows, if you use DOS as cmd, you will be only checking ipconfig and some basic things, whereas by learning PowerShell, you will be a complete programmer. Because of its rich commands and object-based approach, it is a powerful tool for scripting.

Below are some points why we should learn PowerShell.

Consistency: The biggest benefit of PowerShell of the current version is that it is available for all Operating systems. So, for example, if you are developing the script on a computer X and after successfully testing your script on your computer X, you can share your script with another person who is going to run your script on his computer Y, which will work perfectly from the version 6 because PowerShell is available for all OS, ie. Windows, Linux, and macOS. So a script will work on different architecture as well. Other than Architecture, PowerShell also provides automation to administration tasks with better performance .

Interactive and scripting environments: The Powershell of Windows Prompt gives us a very interactive tool to access the command-line interface for scripting.

Object orientation: As it is totally written over the .NET, it will give us a complete Object-based approach to implementing it. So we are not just writing a command. It allows us to explore more.

Applications of PowerShell

It will be very useful for administrative management with PowerShell admin to delete, add and update users. We transfer heavy files from one computer to another to multiple network computers at once. If Admin has some task that he will run repetitively, then the Admin can use PowerShell to create a script and put it into job cycles where it will run at given intervals.


Suppose, In PowerShell, we want to see the process with name “nginx” and “node.”


You can install Powershell by MSI, and you should only need to learn the basics of programming like, if, for loops and variables and it’s an available rich set of commands. Even if you do not know much programming you can directly start with PowerShell.

Target Audience

Developers: A developer can have requirements to develop a tool where he may change his data for a running application regularly. For example, on any e-commerce website, we want to show the best-selling products. So the developer will write a script that will fetch data daily and update top-selling product details so that top-selling products will be visible to end customers.

Administrator: The administrator can write a script for automation of updating, deleting, and performing certain tasks on all the users regularly to avoid repetition of the same tasks.

Why Do We Need Selections In Photoshop?

None of this, however, explains why we need to make selections in the first place, so in this tutorial, we’ll take a quick look at the “why”. This won’t be a detailed explanation of how to make selections. We’ll save that for other tutorials. Here, we’re simply going to look at why we need to make selections at all.

Take selections in Photoshop, for example. There’s no shortage of ways to select things in an image with Photoshop. We can make simple geometric selections with the Rectangular Marquee Tool or the Elliptical Marquee Tool , or freehand selections with the Lasso , Polygonal Lasso or Magnetic Lasso Tools. We can select areas of similar color or brightness values with the Magic Wand or Color Range command. We can paint or refine a selection manually with a brush in Quick Mask mode or by using a layer mask. We can make surgically-precise selections with the Pen Tool , and more! We can even combine different selection methods when none of them by themselves seem to be up to the challenge.

As you may have already discovered on your own if you’ve read through any of our other Photoshop tutorials here at Photoshop Essentials, I’m a big fan of “why”. Lots of people will happily tell us how to do something, but for whatever reason, the why is usually left out, forever limiting our understanding of what it is we’re doing.

Do You See What I See?

As I write this, summer is once again coming to an end. The days are getting shorter, the nights are cooler, and around here, with autumn fast approaching, the weekend farmers markets will soon be filled with bushels and bushels of apples. In fact, here’s some right now just waiting to be picked:

Red, delicious apples. Unless of course, you don’t like apples, but who doesn’t like apples?

Obviously, the main subject in the photo above is the apples, right? But why is it obvious? How do we know that we’re looking at apples? We know because most of us have seen enough apples in the past that we can instantly recognize them. We know their shape, their color and their texture because we’ve seen them before. We could even point to each apple in the photo if someone asked us to without mistakenly pointing at a leaf or something else that isn’t an apple because we have no problem distinguishing between all the different objects in the image. We see things with our eyes and our brain tells us that this is this and that is that, and this is not that and that is not this. In fact, even if we had never seen an apple before, we could at least point to all the objects that look relatively the same. We’re so good at recognizing and identifying objects that we usually do it without consciously thinking about it.

That’s great for us, but what about Photoshop? Does Photoshop see the apples? Does Photoshop recognize their shape, color and texture as “apple”? Can it point to all the apples in the photo without confusing an apple with a leaf, or at least point to all the objects that look the same?

The simple answer is no, it can’t. No matter how many photos of apples you’ve opened in Photoshop in the past (geez, what is it with you and apples?), Photoshop has no idea what apples are or what they look like. The reason is because all Photoshop sees is pixels. It doesn’t matter if it’s a photo of apples, oranges or monkeys eating bananas. To Photoshop, it’s all the same. It’s all just pixels, those tiny little squares that make up a digital photo:

A close-up view of the edge of an apple showing that it’s really just a bunch of tiny square pixels.

Select None To Select Them All

So far, we know that we see things very differently from how Photoshop sees them. We see independent, recognizable objects while Photoshop sees everything as pixels, and we tell Photoshop which pixels we want to work on by selecting them with one or more of the various selection tools. In fact, before we can do anything at all to an image, Photoshop first needs to know which pixels we want to edit.

For example, let’s say I want to change the color of the main apple in the photo. I want to change it from red to green. Based on what I just said, I shouldn’t be able to do that without first selecting the pixels that make up the apple. Let’s give it a try anyway, just for fun. I’ll select the Brush Tool from the Tools panel:

Selecting the Brush Tool.

Photoshop paints with the current Foreground color.

The Color Picker is the most common way to select colors in Photoshop.

Ultra-realistic photo effect. Expert users only.

Wait a minute, what just happened?! I was able to paint over the apple! Photoshop didn’t complain at all! Okay, let’s recap. I said we can’t do anything to an image unless we first select the pixels that we want to edit. Then to prove it, I grabbed my Brush Tool and tried painting over part of the image without first selecting anything, yet I was still able to paint over it. This can only mean one thing… I have no idea what I’m talking about!

Seriously though, the real reason why I was still able to paint over the apple without first selecting any pixels is because of a little known fact. Whenever we have nothing selected in an image, we actually have everything selected. Photoshop assumes that if we didn’t select any specific pixels first, it can only be because we wanted every pixel selected so we can edit the entire photo. Or at least, we have the option to edit the entire photo. As we saw in this example, I was able to paint over just a small area of the image even though I didn’t select any pixels first, but if I wanted to, I could have just as easily painted over the entire image and there would have been nothing preventing me from doing that.

While having the freedom to go where we want and do what we please sounds wonderful, it can actually be a very bad thing, at least when it comes to photo editing. In this example, all I wanted to do was change the color of the apple, yet because I didn’t select the apple first, Photoshop allowed me to paint anywhere I wanted, and all I ended up doing was making a mess of things. Let’s see what happens if I select the apple first.

Painting Inside The Lines

I’m going to undo the paint strokes I added to the image by pressing Ctrl+Z (Win) / Command+Z (Mac), and this time, I’ll select the apple first before painting over it. As I mentioned at the beginning of this tutorial, we’ll save the details of how to actually make selections for other tutorials. For now, I’ll simply go ahead and draw a selection around the apple.

Photoshop displays selection outlines for us as a series of animated dashed lines, or what many people call “marching ants”. Obviously, we can’t see them “marching” in the screenshot, but we can at least see the selection outline that now appears around the apple:

Selection outlines appear as animated “marching ants”.

Of course, to us, it looks like I’ve selected the apple, but keep in mind that as far as Photoshop is concerned, all I’ve done is selected some of the pixels in the image. They just happen to be the pixels that make up what you and I see as an apple. The pixels that fall within the boundaries of the selection outline are now selected, which means that they can be affected by whatever edits I make next, while the remaining pixels outside of the selection outline are not selected and won’t be affected by anything I do.

Let’s see what happens now when I try painting over the apple again. I’ll grab the Brush Tool just like I did before, and with green still as my Foreground color, I’ll try painting over the apple. The only difference this time is that I selected the apple first:

The paint strokes now appear only inside the selected area.

Thanks to the selection I made before painting, Photoshop allowed me to paint only inside my selected area. Even though I moved the brush well outside the boundaries of the selection as I was painting and made no attempt to stay inside the lines, none of the pixels outside of the selection outline were affected. They remained safe and unharmed no matter how sloppy I was with the brush, and I was able to easily paint over the apple without worrying about the rest of the image, all thanks to my selection!

Of course, just because we’ve selected a certain area of pixels doesn’t mean we necessarily have to edit every pixel inside the selection outline. I’m going to once again remove my green paint strokes by pressing Ctrl+Z (Win) / Command+Z (Mac) to undo the last step, and this time, with my selection still active, I’m going to use a much larger brush with soft edges to paint only along the bottom half of the apple, giving me a nice transition in the middle between the green brush color and the natural red of the apple. Even though the pixels in the top half of the apple are part of the selection I made, they remain unchanged because I chose not to paint over them. Photoshop doesn’t actually care if we do anything with the pixels we’ve selected. All it cares about is that we don’t get to touch the pixels we didn’t select:

Any pixel inside of a selection outline can be edited, but nothing says you have to edit every pixel.

Just as before, my paint stroke is confined to the pixels inside of the selection outline, even though I moved well outside of it with my brush. To make things look a bit more realistic, I’m going to blend the green color in with the apple using one of Photoshop’s blend modes. I’ll go up to the Edit menu at the top of the screen and choose the Fade Brush Tool option:

The actual name of the Fade option changes depending on the last edit that was made.

This brings up Photoshop’s Fade dialog box, which allows us to make some adjustments to the previous edit. To blend the green in with the apple, I’m going to change the blend mode of the brush to Color, and to lower the intensity of the green, I’ll lower the Opacity option down to around 80%:

The Color blend mode allows us to change the color of an object without changing its original brightness values.

Press Ctrl+H (Win) / Command+H (Mac) to temporarily hide selection outlines. Press it again to bring them back.

Up next, we’ll look at another important reason for making selections – working with layers!

Selections Make Layers More Useful

Up until now, I’ve been making all of my edits directly on the Background layer, which is a very bad way to work because it means that I’ve been making changes to my original photo. If I was to save my changes and close out of the document window, the original image would be lost forever. Sometimes that may be fine, but it tends to leave a bad impression when you’re forced to call up a client and ask, “Would you happen to have another copy of the photo you sent over? I sort of… well, hehe… I kind of ruined the copy you gave me”.

A much better way to work in Photoshop is to use layers. With layers, we can work on a copy of the image while leaving the original unharmed, and thanks to selections, we can even copy different parts of an image to their own layers so we can work on them independently! Without the ability to make selections though, layers in Photoshop would be nowhere near as useful as they are.

I’m going to revert my image back to its original, unedited state by going up to the File menu and choosing Revert. This sets my image back to the way it was when I first opened it:

The Revert command reverts an image back to its original state or to the last saved state.

A very common Photoshop effect is to leave something in the image in full color while converting the rest of the photo to black and white. Let’s see how selections can help us to do this. First, since we just said that working directly on the Background layer is a bad thing, let’s duplicate the Background layer, which will give us a copy of it that we can work on. To do that, I’ll go up to the Layer menu at the top of the screen, then I’ll choose New, and then I’ll choose Layer via Copy:

Creating a copy of the original image.

If we look in the Layers panel, we can see that we now have two layers – the Background layer on the bottom which holds the original photo, and a new layer above it which Photoshop has named “Layer 1”, containing a copy of the photo that we can safely edit without harming the original:

Working on a copy of the image keeps the original safe.

Notice that the entire Background layer was copied. We’ll come back to this in a moment. Since we want to leave the apple with its original colors while converting everything else to black and white, we’ll need to select the apple before we do anything else, so I’ll once again draw a selection around it. Our familiar selection outline reappears:

A selection outline appears once again around the apple.

With the apple selected, I’m going to create another copy of the image by going back up to the Layer menu, choosing New and then choosing Layer via Copy. Remember that the last time we did this, Photoshop copied the entire layer. This time though, something different has happened. We now have a third layer in the Layers panel sitting above “Layer 1” and the Background layer, but if we look in the preview thumbnail to the left of the new layer’s name, we can see that all we copied this time was the apple itself, not the entire layer:

True to its name, the preview thumbnail gives us a preview of the contents of each layer.

Any time we have a selection active when we copy a layer, only the area inside the selection outline is copied, which is why in this case, only the apple was copied. This ability to isolate a specific object in a photo and place it on its own layer is what makes layers so incredibly useful. If we couldn’t select anything first, all we could do is make copy after copy of the entire image, which is usually about as pointless as it sounds.

Selected layers appear highlighted in blue.

To convert the image to black and white, I’ll quickly desaturate it by going up to the Image menu, choosing Adjustments and then choosing Desaturate:

The Desaturate command is a quick way to remove color from an image.

Desaturating an image is certainly not the best way to convert a color photo to black and white, but it works in a hurry. Let’s look again in the Layers panel, where we can see in the preview thumbnail for “Layer 1” that the copy of our original image now appears in black and white, while the apple on the layer above it has been unaffected and remains in color:

Only “Layer 1” has been desaturated.

Since the apple is sitting on a layer above the black and white version of the image, it appears in full color in front of the black and white image in the document window:

Combining selections with layers makes a great creative team.

Of course, there’s a lot more we can do with selections in Photoshop than just painting inside of them or copying them to new layers, but hopefully this gave us an idea of why selections are so important. Photoshop sees only pixels where we see independent objects, so we need selections as a way to bridge the gap between our world and Photoshop’s world. And while layers can stake their claim as one of the biggest and best features of Photoshop, they owe more of their usefulness to selections than they’d probably care to admit.

Connected User Experiences And Telemetry – Should I Disable It?

There’s an excess of such misinformation today, which makes it very difficult for an average person to find reliable and unbiased info, and understand what’s actually going on. This is the exact case with Connected User Experiences and Telemetry.

Users are confused about whether their privacy is actually at risk due to this Windows service and if they should disable it. We’ve answered these questions and discussed other similar queries in this article.

Connected User Experiences and Telemetry is a Windows service that manages the collection and transmission of diagnostic and usage information. It’s also known as Diagnostics Tracking, or DiagTrack.

Telemetry features like this are commonly used in tech to collect and analyze data. On Windows specifically, this data is locally encrypted and stored at %ProgramData%MicrosoftDiagnosis.

The telemetry client transmits this data over encrypted HTTPS connections to the Microsoft Data Management Service. This data is used for various purposes, which we’ve discussed below, and is generally deleted within 30 days.

There’s a lot of fear-mongering in online communities that Microsoft is secretly spying on you through this service. But in truth, it’s up to you to choose how much diagnostic data to send or whether you want to send any data at all.

Required data is basic data that’s essential to making Microsoft products work optimally. Your device is transmitting the following information as Required Diagnostic Data:

Device specs and configurations

Programs and drivers installed on the device

Basic error information

Windows update related info (deployment, performance, failures)

Microsoft uses this information to analyze issues and troubleshoot them. Basically, whether certain errors occur on certain systems, or due to specific hardware and software combinations, and so on.

Microsoft uses the update info to analyze which part of the deployment process a certain update is facing issues at, how the update is performing on certain systems, whether your system is compatible for a new update etc.

Microsoft uses the data about the kind of devices, settings, and applications that most people use, to determine the best way to improve their products.

In addition to the info included under Required Diagnostic Data, Optional Diagnostic Data also includes the following:

Detailed information about your device specs, configurations, and system health

Application usage info such as which programs are used and for how long

Browsing history and search terms in Edge

Crash dumps

We’ve discussed what kind of data the Connected User Experiences and Telemetry service actually transmits. Now, let’s discuss whether it’s best to enable or disable this service. There are good arguments to be made for either side.

On the one hand, Microsoft uses the information from this service to resolve issues that users face, whether it be system crashes or driver incompatibility. On a more personal scale, this service is necessary for certain Windows components like game achievements to work.

On the other hand, a lot of users won’t be comfortable with the kind of access this service has. And privacy is certainly a valid concern if you’ve opted to provide Optional Diagnostic Data.

Privacy is a matter of personal preference, so the decision is ultimately the users’ to make. But our recommendation is to either only send the Required Diagnostic data or disable this service entirely. We’ve detailed how to do this in the sections below.

You can safely disable this service as your system will run just fine without it. The most common complaint we’ve seen from users who disabled this service is that they didn’t have access to game achievements anymore. If that’s a concern for you, you can always re-enable it later.

You should disable this service from the services utility, and then delete the collected diagnostic data. Here are the steps to do so:

Press Win + R, type services.msc, and press Enter.

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